Education Quarterly Reviews
Published: 29 September 2022
A Study on Scale Adaptation to Determine Classroom Learning Environment Perceptions
Gamze Akkaya, Pelin Ertekin, Mustafa Serdar Köksal
İnönü University (Turkey), Hacettepe University (Turkey)
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Keywords: Learning Environment, Perception, Validity, Reliability
This study aimed to perform a scale adaptation to determine students' perceptions of a classroom learning environment. The sample of the study consisted of 337 students for exploratory factor analysis and 1,639 students for confirmatory factor analysis. The scale known as My Class Activity adapted in this study was developed by Gentry and Gable (2001). The adapted scale is a five-point Likert-type scale consisting of four factors (interest, choice, challenge, and enjoyment). The scale was previously adapted to Turkish culture by Deniz and Saranli (2017), and in this study, we readapted the scale to Turkish culture. Exploratory factor analysis and reliability analysis of the data obtained from the scales were completed with SPSS software and confirmatory factor analysis with AMOS. As a result of the analyses of the adapted scale, it was decided to remove the challenge dimension. After the validity and reliability studies obtained from the three-factor (interest, choice, enjoyment) structure of the scale, it was concluded that the scale could be used in Turkish culture.
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