Asian Institute of Research, Journal Publication, Journal Academics, Education Journal, Asian Institute
Asian Institute of Research, Journal Publication, Journal Academics, Education Journal, Asian Institute

Education Quarterly Reviews

ISSN 2621-5799

asia institute of research, journal of education, education journal, education quarterly reviews, education publication, education call for papers
asia institute of research, journal of education, education journal, education quarterly reviews, education publication, education call for papers
asia institute of research, journal of education, education journal, education quarterly reviews, education publication, education call for papers
asia institute of research, journal of education, education journal, education quarterly reviews, education publication, education call for papers
crossref
doi
open access

Published: 03 September 2021

Acute Effects of Static and Dynamic Stretching on Jump Performance of Volleyball Players

Yasemin Arı, Asım Tunçel, Ozan Sever, Aslıhan Arslangörür

Tekirdağ Namık Kemal University (Turkey), Atatürk University (Turkey)

asia institute of research, journal of education, education journal, education quarterly reviews, education publication, education call for papers
pdf download

Download Full-Text Pdf

doi

10.31014/aior.1993.04.03.347

Pages: 390-398

Keywords: Static Stretching, Dynamic Stretching, Jump, Volleyball

Abstract

The aim of this study is to examine the acute effects of different stretching methods on jump performance of volleyball players. 11 female volleyball players (age: 24.36 ± 5.10 years; height: 177.81 ± 7.30 cm; weight: 68.17 ± 11.69 kg; body mass index (BMI): 21.46 ± 2.56 kg.m-2; sports age: 12.72 ± 5.31 years) have participated voluntarily in this study. The players have applied three different stretching protocols such as control (no stretching), static and dynamic stretching on non-consecutive days. The protocols have included 5 minutes general warm-up, 1 minute rest, 30-second stretch program for each muscle group (control group not included), 1 minute rest and countermovement jump (CMJ), squat jump (SJ) and standing long jump (SLJ) tests. Friedman analysis has been used for data analysis. Wilcoxon Signed Rank Test has been implemented in order to determine the difference among groups. At the end of the study, a significant difference has been found between control and dynamic stretching groups with regard to static stretching groups in view of CMJ and SJ performance findings (p <0.05). It has been found that there is a statistically significant difference in the test averages of dynamic stretching group compared to static stretching group in view of SLJ performance findings (p <0.05). This study shows that static stretching practices reduce the jumping performance of the players. As a result, it can be suggested that trainers should use dynamic stretching methods before the trainings on jumping properties containing explosive movements.

References

  1. Amiri-Khorasani, M., Sahebozamani, M., Tabrizi, K. G., & Yusof, A. B. (2010). Acute effect of different stretching methods on illinois agility test in soccer players. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 24(10), 2698-2704. doi: 10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181bf049c

  2. Aydın, Y., Kafkas, A., Çınarlı, F. S., Eken, Ö., Kurt, C., & Kafkas, M. E. (2019). Acute effects of different stretching exercise protocols on some anaerobic motoric tests. Spor Hekimliği Dergisi, 54(2), 99-107. DOI: 10.5152/tjsm.2019.121

  3. Balcı, A., Çelebi, M., Zergeroğlu, M., & Güner, R. (2020). The effects of static and dynamic stretching exercises on ankle muscle strength and balance. Spor Bilimleri Araştırmaları Dergisi, 5(1), 27-34. doi: 10.25307/jssr.673481

  4. Behm, D. G., & Chaouachi, A. (2011). A review of the acute effects of static and dynamic stretching on performance. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 111(11), 2633-2651. doi: 10.1007/s00421-011-1879-2

  5. Beydokhti, I. T., & Haghshenas, R. (2014). Acute effect different stretching methods during warm ups on agility and power in amateur handball players. WJSS, 9(1), 7-12.

  6. Bradley, P. S., Olsen, P. D., & Portas, M. D. (2007) The effect of static, ballistic, and proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation stretching on vertical jump performance. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 21(1), 223–226.

  7. Chtourou, H., Aloui, A., Hammouda, O., Chaouachi, A., Chamari, K., & Souissi, N. (2013). Effect of static and dynamic stretching on the diurnal variations of jump performance in soccer players. PloS One, 8(8), e70534. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0070534

  8. Dalrymple, K. J., Davis, S. E., Dwyer, G. B., & Moir, G. L. (2010). Effect of static and dynamic stretching on vertical jump performance in collegiate women volleyball players. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 24(1), 149-155. doi: 10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181b29614

  9. Durukan, E., &Göktepe, M. (2020). Kadın voleybolcularda dikey sıçrama performansına, akut uygulanan farklı germe egzersizlerinin etkisi. Atatürk Üniversitesi Beden Eğitimi ve Spor Bilimleri Dergisi,22(4), 148-157.

  10. Faigenbaum, A. D., Kang, J., McFarland, J., Bloom, J. M., Magnatta, J., Ratamess, N. A., & Hoffman, J. (2006). Acute effects of different warm-up protocols on anaerobic performance in teenage athletes, Pediatric Exercise Sciences, 18(1): 64-75. https://doi.org/10.1123/pes.18.1.64

  11. Gelen, E. (2008). Farklı ısınma protokollerinin sıçrama performansına akut etkileri. Spormetre Beden Eğitimi ve Spor Bilimleri Dergisi, VI(4), 207-212.

  12. Gelen, E., Meriç, B., & Yıldız, S. (2010). Farklı ısınma protokollerinin sürat performansına akut etkisi. Spor Klinikleri Spor Bilimleri, 2(1), 19-25.

  13. Guissard, N., Duchateau, J., & Hainault, K. (2001). Mechanisms of decreased motoneuron excitation during passive muscle stretching. Experimental Brain Research, 137(2), 163-169. doi: 10.1007/s002210000648

  14. Haghshenas, R., Beydokhti, İ. T., & Avandi, S. M. (2014). Acute effect of different warm-up stretch protocols on vertical jump performance in volleyball players. International Journal of Sport Studies, 4(8), 907-913.

  15. Holt, B. W., & Lambourne, K. (2008). The impact of different warm-up protocols on vertical jump performance in male collegiate athletes. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 22(1), 226-229. doi: 10.1519/JSC.0b013e31815f9d6a

  16. Hopkins, W. G., Marshall, S. W., Batterham, A. M., & Hanin, J. (2009). Progressive statistics for studies in sports medicine and exercise science. Medicine &Science in Sports & Exercise, 41(1), 3. doi: 10.1249/MSS.0b013e31818cb278

  17. Hough, P. A., Ross, E. Z., & Howatson, G. (2009). Effects of dynamic and static stretching on vertical jump performance and electromyographic activity. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 23(2), 507–512. doi: 10.1519/JSC.0b013e31818cc65d

  18. Işıkdemir, E., Uzlaşır, S., & Köklü, Y. (2020). Genç erkek basketbolcularda yapılan farklı ısınma yöntemlerinin bazı performans parametreleri üzerine akut etkisi. Spor Bilimleri Dergisi, 31(3), 96-105. https://doi.org/10.17644/sbd.688295

  19. Kamar, A. (2008). Sporda yetenek beceri ve performans testleri. Ankara: Nobel Yayınları.

  20. Kilit, B., Arslan, E., & Soylu, Y. (2019). Effects of different stretching methods on speed and agility performance in young tennis players. Science & Sports, 34(5), 313-320. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scispo.2018.10.016

  21. Köse, B., & Atan, T. (2015). Effect of different warm-up methods on flexibility jumping and balance. Journal of Physical Education & Sports Science/Beden Egitimi ve Spor Bilimleri Dergisi, 9(1).

  22. Kruse, N. T., Barr, M. W., Gilders, R. M., Kushnick, M. R., & Rana, S. R. (2013). Using a practical approach for determining the most effective stretching strategy in female college division I volleyball players. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 27(11), 3060-3067. doi: 10.1519/JSC.0b013e31828bf2b6

  23. Kruse, N. T., Barr, M. W., Gilders, R. M., Kushnick, M. R., & Rana, S. R. (2015). Effect of different stretching strategies on the kinetics of vertical jumping in female volleyball athletes. Journal of Sport and Health Science, 4(4), 364-370. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jshs.2014.06.003

  24. Kubo, K., Kanehisa, H., & Fukunaga, T. (2001). Is passive stiffness in human muscles related to the elasticity of tendon structures?  European Journal of Applied Physiology, 85(3), 226-232. Doi:10.1007/s004210100463

  25. Little, T., & Williams, A. G. (2006). Effects of differential stretching protocols during warm-ups on high speed motor capacities in professional soccer players. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 20(1), 203-207. https://doi.org/10.1519/R-16944.1

  26. McMillian, D. J., Moore, J. H., Hatler, B. S., & Taylor, D. C. (2006). Dynamic vs. static-stretching warm up: the effect on power and agility performance. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 20(3), 492-499.

  27. Markovic, G., Dizdar, D., Jukic, I., & Cardinale, M. (2004). Reliability and factorial validity of squat and countermovement jump tests. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 18(3), 551-555.

  28. Paradisis, G. P., Pappas, P. T., Theodorou, A. S., Zacharogiannis, E. G., Skordilis, E. K., & Smirniotou, A. S. (2014). Effects of static and dynamic stretching on sprint and jump performance in boys and girls. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 28(1), 154-160. doi: 10.1519/JSC.0b013e318295d2fb

  29. Ruffieux, J., Wälchli, M., Kim, K. M., & Taube, W. (2020). Countermovement jump training is more effective than drop jump training in enhancing jump height in non-professional female volleyball players. Frontiers in Physiology, 11. doi: 10.3389/fphys.2020.00231

  30. Samson, M., Button, D. C., Chaouachi, A., & Behm, D. G. (2012). Effects of dynamic and static stretching within general and activity specific warm-up protocols. Journal of Sports Science & Medicine, 11(2), 279-285. PMCID: PMC3737866

  31. Sekir, U., Arabaci, R., Akova, B., & Kadagan, S. M. (2010). Acute effects of static and dynamic stretching on leg flexor and extensor isokinetic strength in elite women athletes. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports, 20(2), 268-281. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0838.2009.00923.x

  32. Şimşek, B., Tuncel, F., Ertan, H., & Göktepe, S. (2005). Farklı lig kategorilerindeki bayan voleybol oyuncularının seçilmiş fiziksel uygunluk parametrelerinin değerlendirilmesi. Gazi Beden Eğitimi ve Spor Bilimleri Dergisi, 10(3), 29-38.

  33. Thompsen, A. G., Kackley, T., Palumbo, M. A., & Faigenbaum, A.D. (2007). Acute effects of different warm-up protocols with and without a weighted vest on jumping performance in athletic women. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 21(1), 52-56. doi:10.1519/00124278-200702000-00010

  34. Turnagöl, H. (1994). Voleybolda enerji sistemleri. Hacettepe Üniversitesi Voleybol Bilim ve Teknoloji Dergisi, 2, 34-37.

  35. Unick, J., Kieffer, H. S., Cheesman, W., & Feeney, A. (2005). The acute effects of static and ballistic stretching on vertical jump performance in trained women. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 19(1), 206-212. doi:10.1519/00124278-200502000-00035

  36. Werstein, K. M., & Lund, R. J. (2012). The effects of two stretching protocols on the reactive strength index in female soccer and rugby players. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 26(6), 1564-1567. doi: 10.1519/JSC.0b013e318231ac09

  37. Yildiz, S., Gelen, E., Çilli, M., Karaca, H., Kayihan, G., Ozkan, A., & Sayaca, C. (2020). Acute effects of static stretching and massage on flexibility and jumping performance. Journal of Musculoskeletal & Neuronal Interactions, 20(4), 498-504. PMCID: PMC7716682