Education Quarterly Reviews
Published: 19 November 2020
Barriers of Adult Refugees’ Educators in Leros, Greece
Vasiliki Kafritsa, Evaggelos Anagnou, Iosif Fragoulis
Hellenic Open University (Greece)
Download Full-Text Pdf
Keywords: Adult Education, Barriers, Refugees’ Trainers
In the present paper we attempted to highlight the obstacles that the adult refugees’ educators in the area of Leros face. To collect our data, we used the qualitative approach and conducted interviews throughout the avalanche sampling, so that the participants could express their ideas and perceptions. Our sample consists of adult refugees’ educators working in NGO ECHO100PLUS, which is activated in Leros. The analysis of the data revealed the educators’ inexperience and lack of training, as well as the inadequate organization and support on the state’s behalf. However, the bright side is the full support from ECHO100PLUS and the positive attitude of the local community and the trainees towards the educator’s work.
Bezati, T., & Theodosopoulou, Μ. (2006). Objectives of intercultural education and the role of adult education. In Z. Koromilou, D. Mouzakis, V. Sotiropoulou, N. Tsergas, & S. Chanis (Ed.), Proceedings of the Panhellenic Scientific Conference with International Participation "Lifelong Learning for Growth, Employment and Social Cohesion", Volos, 31th March-2nd April 2006, p. 181-186. Athens: Korifi A.E (In Greek).
Blackledge, D., & Hunt, B. (2004). Educational Sociology. Athens: Metaichmio. (In Greek)
Brinia, V., Fotakeli, M., & Vasileiou, C. (2019). Adult tutors' views on their educational needs: the case of a Public Institute of Vocational Training in Greece. International Journal of Higher Education and Sustainability,2(4).
Creswell, J. (2016). Research in education. Athens:Ion. (In Greek)
Diefenbach, T. (2008). Are case studies more than sophisticated storytelling?: Methodological problems of qualitative empirical research mainly based on semi-structured interviews, Quality and Quantity, (43), 875-894. DOI 10.1007/s11135-008-9164-0
Imel, S. (1998). Using adult learning principles in adult basic and literacy education. Ohio: Centre for Education and Training for Employment, Ohio State University. [Online]. Available: Accessed 09/02/2020.
Institute of Continuing Adult Education (2010). Team Process - Training and Support of Socially Vulnerable Groups. Distance Learning Program for Instructors and Lifelong Learning Executives: Athens. (In Greek)
Jarvis, P. (2004). Adult Education and Lifelong Learning: Theory and Practice (3rd ed.). London and New York: Routledge Flamer Taylor & Francis Group.
Kantzou, V., Manoli, P., Mouti, A., & Papadopoulou, M. (2017). Language education for refugees and migrants: Multiple case studies from the Greek context. Διάλογοι! Θεωρία και πράξη στις επιστήμες αγωγής και εκπαίδευσης, 3, 18-34. doi:
Kefala, Α. (2017). Study of the experience and educational needs of adult Syrian refugees: a biographical/phenomenological approach.(Postgraduate work). University of Macedonia, Thessaloniki. (In Greek)
Kokkos, Α. (1998). Principles of adult learning. In Kokkos, A., & Lionarakis, A. (Ed.), Open and distance education, pp 19-50, Patra: Hellenic Open University. (In Greek)
Kokkos, Α. (2008). Theoretical Approaches. Patra: Helleniv Grrek University. (In Greek)
Lindeman, E. C. (1926). The meaning of Adult Education. New York: New Republic, Inc.
Mason, J. (2003). The Conduct of Qualitative Research. Athens: Ellinika Grammata. (In Greek)
Matt, E. (2004). The Presentation of Qualitative Research. In Flick, U., von Kardoff, E., & Steinke I. (Ed.), Jenner, B. (Translation), A Companion to Qualitative Research (pp 326-328). Sage Publications: London. Available: Accessed 18/03/2020.
McLeod, C. (2018). Maslow’s hierarchy of needs. [Online]. Available: Accessed 09.02.20.
Michelis, Α. (2006). Immigrants, week social groups, illiteracy and lifelong learning. In Z. Koromilou, D. Mouzakis, V. Sotiropoulou, N. Tsergas, & S. Chanis (Ed.), Proceedings of the Panhellenic Scientific Conference with International Participation "Lifelong Learning for Growth, Employment and Social Cohesion", Volos, 31th March-2nd April 2006, p. 181-186. Athens: Korifi A.E. (In Greek)
Rogers, A. (1998). The adult’s education, Athens: Metaichmio (In Greek)
Thompson, J. L. (2019). Adult Education for a change. London and New York: Routledge Taylor & Francis Group.
Simopoulos, G. (2014). The intercultural competence of the adult educator: A research in the field of teaching Greek as a second language. (Doctoral Thesis). University of Patra, Patra. (In Greek)
Tsimpoukli, Α. (2008). The Training of Special Groups. In Vaikousi, D., Valakas, I., Giannakopoulou, E., Giastas, I., Kokkos, A., & Tsimpoukli, A. (Ed.), Educational Methods – Group of Trainees, (pp 281-298). Patra: Hellenic Open University. (In Greek)
Walters, L. M., Garii, B., & Walters, T. (2009). Learning globally, teaching locally: incorporating international exchange and intercultural learning into pre-service teacher training, Intercultural Education, 20(1), 151-158. DOI: 10.1080/14675980903371050
Xirouchakis, M. (2019). The contribution of adult education to the empowerment of adult refugees on the island of Leros. (Diploma thesis). Hellenic Open University, Leros. (In Greek)