Education Quarterly Reviews
Published: 07 February 2022
Burnout Status of U18 Women’s National Ice Hockey Team Players in Turkey
Kurudirek Muhammet İrfan, Kurudirek Muharrem Alparslan
Artvin Coruh University (Turkey), Ataturk University (Turkey)
Download Full-Text Pdf
Keywords: Women’s Ice Hockey, Burnout, COVID-19
This study aimed to determine the athletic burnout of the under-18 (U18) women’s ice hockey national team players and examine their burnout levels in terms of age, education level, sports history, training frequency, inability to participate in a match due to COVID-19, and history of injury. The research population consisted of the U18 women’s ice hockey national team players in Turkey. The sample comprised 27 athletes randomly selected from the target population based on voluntariness. A questionnaire consisting of two parts was used as a data collection tool. The first part of the questionnaire included a personal information form developed by the researcher to determine the characteristics of the participants, such as age, education level, sports history, training frequency, whether they missed any ice hockey matches due to COVID-19, and history of injury. In the second part, the Athlete Burnout Questionnaire, developed by Raedeke and Smith in 2001 and adapted to Turkish by Kelecek et al. in 2016, was administered to measure the athletic burnout levels of the participants. The research findings revealed that the athletes’ burnout levels were generally low, but those with a history of disability lasting longer than three months and those that missed ice hockey matches due to COVID-19 had higher burnout levels compared to the remaining participants.
Brenner JS. (2007). Overuse injuries, overtraining, and burnout in child and adolescent athletes. Pediatrics, 2007: 119(6), p.1242-1245.
Çelebi C. (2020) Türkiye süper lig hentbol oyuncularında tükenmişlik durumu. Yayımlanmış Yüksek Lisans Tezi. Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart Üniversitesi, , Sağlık Bilimleri Enstitüsü.
DSÖ, (2020). Hastalıkların Uluslararası Sınıflandırılması: Tükenmişlik Durumu. Erişim adresi: https://www.who.int/mental_health/evidence/burn-out/en/ Erişim Tarihi: 10.12.2021
Eklund RC., 2 SL. (2007) Athlete Burnout. Third Edition (Tenenbaum G., Eklund RC. Eds), Handbook of Sport Psychology, John Wiley & Sons Inc., 2007: p.621-641.
ESPN, (2021). Degree of Difficulty: Sport Rankings. Erişim adresi: https://www.espn.com/espn/page2/sportSkills Erişim Tarihi: 17.12.2021
Freudenberger HJ. Staff burn-out. Journal of social issues, 1974: 30(1), p.159-165
Gould D., Tuffey S., Udry E., Loehr J. (1996a). Burnout in competitive junior tennis players: I. A quantitative psychological assessment. The Sport Psychologist, 1996a: 10(4), p.322-340
Gould D., Tuffey S., Udry E., Loehr J. (1996b). Burnout in competitive junior tennis players: II. Qualitative analysis. The Sports Psychologist, 1996b: 10(4), p.341-366
Gould D., Udry E., Tuffey S., Loehr J. (1997). Burnout in competitive junior tennis players: III. Individual differences in the burnout experience. The Sport Psychologist, 1997: 11(3), p.257-276.
Gucciardi DF., Gordon S. (2009). Development and preliminary validation of the cricket mental toughness inventory (CMTI). Journal of Sport Sciences, 2009: 27(12), p.1293-1310.
Gustafsson H, DeFeese JD., Madigan DJ. (2017). Athlete burnout: Review and recommendations. Current Opinion in Psychology, 16, p.109-113.
International Ice Hockey Federation (2020). Men’s U20, Women’s U18 Cancellations. Erişim adresi: https://www.iihf.com/en/news/20591/men-u20-women-u18-cancellations Erişim tarihi: 19.12.2021
International Ice Hockey Federation (2021). World Championships List. Erişim adresi: https://www.iihf.com/en/tournaments?tournamentType=WM&selectedSeason=2021&tournamentCategory=worlds Erişim tarihi: 19.12.2021
International Ice Hockey Federation, (2020). How the World Juniors Bubble works. Erişim adresi: https://www.iihf.com/en/events/2021/wm20/news/23262/how-the-world-juniors-bubble-works Erişim tarihi: 10.12.2021
International Ice Hockey Federation, (2021). January Tournaments Cancelled. Erişim adresi: https://www.iihf.com/en/news/31296/january_tournaments_cancelled Erişim Tarihi: 24.12.2021.
Kelecek S, Kara FM, Kazak Çetinkalp Z, Aşçı FH. (2016). “Sporcu Tükenmişlik Ölçeği”nin Türkçe Uyarlaması (The Turkish Adaptation “Athlete Burnout Questionnaire”) Hacettepe Spor Bilimleri Dergisi, 27(4), 149-161.
Kurudirek, M. İ., and Kurudirek, M. A. (2021). Measures and applications of the Turkish Ice Hockey Federation during the COVID-19 pandemic. African Educational Research Journal, 9(4): 956-962.
Lu, R., Zhao , X., Li, J., Niu, P., Yang, B., Wu, H., et al. (2020). Genomiccharacterizationn and epidemiology of 2019 novel coronavirus: implications for virus origins and receptor binding. The Lancet, 395(10224), 565-574.
Madihan DJ., Nicholls AR. (2017). Mental toughness and burnout in junior athletes: A longitudinal investigation. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 2017: 32, p.138-142
Maslach C., Goldberg J. Prevention of burnout: New perspectives. Applied and preventive psychology, 1998: 7(1), p.63-74.
Maslach C., Jackson SE. The measurement of experienced burnout. Journal of organizational behavior, 1981: 2(2), p-99-113.
Maslach C., Leiter PM. (1997) The truth abou burnout: How organizations cause personal stress and what to do about it.
Raedeke TD., Is athlete burnout more than just stress? A sport commitment persective. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 1997: 19(4), p.396-417.
TBHF, (2020). Genç Kadın Milli Takımımız Gümüş Madalya Kazandı. Erişim adresi: https://tbhf.org.tr/h/haber/23597 Erişim Tarihi: 12.12.2021.