Education Quarterly Reviews
Published: 17 December 2022
Developing English for Tourism Learning Model Based on Hypermedia
Anwar Rahman, Basuki Wibawa, Syarif Sumantri
Politeknik Negeri Lampung (Indonesia), Universitas Negeri Jakarta (Indonesia)
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Keywords: Learning Model, English for Tourism, Hypermedia
The development of the global tourism industry rapidly makes the importance of English communication skill at tourism workplace. State Polytechnic of Lampung has provided English subjects 1, 2, and 3 for students. Unfortunately, the implementation has not given any significant contribution to improve students’ English communication skills especially English for tourism. English instructional materials did not fulfill students’ needs and stakeholders’ needs and standard English competences in tourism workplace. The limitation of learning source become a learning problem for students due to limitation of time to practice English out site of classroom without teacher’s guidance. Therefore, it is important to develop a kind of learning model which independence resource that gives a solution to solve the learning problems. Developing model of English learning for tourism based on hypermedia was intended to give an alternative independence learning resource to improve competences in English for Tourism based on hypermedia. The developing of English learning model base on hypermedia applied research and development (R&D) model used a combination of Dick and Carrey model, Hannafin peck Model and Allen model. There were three stages in developing model of English for tourism based on hypermedia. The first step was conducting needs analysis; identifying instructional goals, conducting instructional analysis, and analyzing learners and contexts. The second step was designing material for learning based on hypermedia that was electronic module; writing instructional objectives, developing assessment instruments, and developing learning strategies. The third steps were developing learning material and implementation; developing and selecting instructional materials, implementing and conducting formative evaluation and revision. The results of the formative evaluation from subject matter experts (instructional, media and English for tourism), one to one evaluation, showed that model of English learning for tourism based on hypermedia generally was categorized very good (average score: 89,31). One to one evaluation by three learners was also and small group evaluation by eight learners which evaluated on clarity, impact on learners and feasibility showed that design model of English learning for tourism based on hypermedia was categorized very good. Field trial that was conducted to 37 students indicated that model design of English learning based on hypermedia for tourism was good and suitable with learning objective, easy to use and understand, demonstrate learning experiences, sufficient for English materials, useful, assessment measure learning outcome, feedback, interesting and engaging learning, motivating, and collaboration between students. The t-test paired sample test showed that design of English for tourism was effective to be used as learning resources with average pretest score was 58,05 and average post test score was 70,92 with gain score was 12,86, while the significant (2-tailed) was 0,000 < 0,05.
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