Education Quarterly Reviews
Published: 14 November 2019
Distance Education Students’ use of Activities in their Self-Instructional Modules: The Case of Distance Education Students of the University of Education, Winneba, Ghana
University of Education, Ghana
Download Full-Text Pdf
Keywords: Distance Education Students, Self-Instructional Materials, Tutorial in Print, Reflective Action Guide, Usage of Activities
The study explored the effectiveness or otherwise of the in-built activities in the course manuals given to DE students of the University of Education in supporting their learning. Adopting the sequential mixed method design, 156 respondents were purposively selected from two study centres of the University. Data were collected using questionnaire and interview guides. Percentages and the thematic approach formed the analytical frame. It came out strongly from the study that almost all students attempted answering the in-text activities in the course modules supplied to them. Issues like inability to manage their time, laziness, and absence of video footage on some of the activities prevented them from getting involved completely in the activities. Further, pressure from schoolwork, as most of them were teachers, and difficulty in understanding some concepts were some of their challenges. The activities, on the other hand, supported DE students to learn effectively, even though some of the activities were very challenging. It was concluded that a number of factors combine to influence how an individual is likely to respond to an activity. These include time constraints, level of difficulty of concepts, nature of the activity and the mode of delivery. It is therefore recommended, among others that the modules need reviewing to include activities that seek the opinion of learners, with most of the concepts well explained.
- Britton, B. K., & Tesser, A., (1991). Effects of time-management practices on college grades. Journal of Educational Psychology, 83, 405-410
- Carnahan, G. R., Gnauck, B. G., Hoffman, D. B. &Sherony, B. C., (2008). A Practical Approach to Time Management. Ohio: South-Western Publishing Co.
- Chambers, E. (1994) ‘Assessing learner workload’, in F.G. Lockwood (ed.) Materials production in open and distance learning (pp.103-111), London: Paul Chapman publishing.
- Evans, T. & Nation, D, (1989a) ‘Dialogue in practice, research and theory in distance education’, Open Learning, 4, 2, 37-42.
- Gothberg, H.M. (2006): Time Management Study. Proceedings of the Annual Convention of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology (Las Vegas, NV, January, 16-21, 1986).
- Knowles, M. (1990): The Adult Learner: A Neglected Species, (4thed) Houston: Gulf Publishing Company.
- Krejcie, R.V & Morgan, D.W. (1990): Determining Sample Size for Regional Activities, Educational and Psychological Measurement 30,607-610.
- Laurillard, D. (2002): Rethinking University Teaching. London: Routhledge-Falmer.
- Lockwood, F.G. (1992) Activities in self-instructional texts, London: Kogan Page.
- Lockwood, F.G. (1990) Activities in distance learning texts, Unpublished PhD thesis, Open University
- Moore, M. &Tait, A. (eds) (2002): Open and Distance Learning Trends Policy and Strategy Considerations. Paris: UNESCO.
- Nash, R.D. (2005): Course Completion Rates among Distance Learners: Identifying Possible Methods to Improve Retention, Online Journal of Distance Learning Administration, Volume VIII, No. IV, Winter 2005 retrieved from http://www.westga.edu/distance/ojdla/winter84/nash84.htm.
- Ofori, R. & Dampson, D.G (2011): Research Methods and Statistics using SPSS. Payless Publication Limited, Amakom-Kumasi.
- Owusu-Mensah, F. Amoah, S.A. & Owusu, E. (2015): time Management Skills and Academic Performance – Distance Education Students’ Perception. The Ghanaian case. Journal of Global Research in Education and Social Science. Vol. 04, Issue 02, pp107-115.
- Parker, A. (2003): Identifying Predictors of Academic Persistence in Distance Education in USDLA Journal Vol. 17, No.1
- Perraton, H. (2000a). Open and Distance Learning in the Developing World London: Routledge.
- Richardson, J. T. E. (2000) Researching Student Learning Approaches to Studying in campus Based and Distance Education, Buckingham: Society for Research into Higher Education and Open University Press.
- Rogers, J. (2001): Adult Learning (4th ed). Buckingham, Open University Press.
- Rowntree, D. (1992) Exploring open and distance learning, London: Kogan Page.
- Rowntree, D. (1990): Teaching Through Self-Instruction. London: Kogan Page.
- Salmon, G. (2002): E-moderating: the Key to Teaching and Learning Online. London: Kogan Page.
- Simpson, O. (2002): Supporting Students in Online, Open and Distance Learning (2nded). London: Kogan Page.
- Sunders, R. (1996): Distance Education: A Systematic View Points. Belmont, C.A.
- Stimson, N. (1991): how to Write and Prepare Training Materials. London: Kogan Page.
- Tait, .A (2000): Planning Student for Open and Distance Learning. Open Learning. 15(3), 287-299.
- Weimer, M. (2002): Learner Centred Teaching: Five Key Changes to Practice. JOSSEY BASS: San Francisco.