Asian Institute of Research, Journal Publication, Journal Academics, Education Journal, Asian Institute
Asian Institute of Research, Journal Publication, Journal Academics, Education Journal, Asian Institute

Education Quarterly Reviews

ISSN 2621-5799

asia institute of research, journal of education, education journal, education quarterly reviews, education publication, education call for papers
asia institute of research, journal of education, education journal, education quarterly reviews, education publication, education call for papers
asia institute of research, journal of education, education journal, education quarterly reviews, education publication, education call for papers
asia institute of research, journal of education, education journal, education quarterly reviews, education publication, education call for papers
crossref
doi
open access

Published: 04 April 2022

Evaluation of Distance Learning Practices (From the Instructors Perspective): Planning, Implementation and Evaluation

Tugba Inciman Celik, Gamze Yavuz Konokman, Tugba Yanpar Yelken

Mersin University, Turkey

asia institute of research, journal of education, education journal, education quarterly reviews, education publication, education call for papers
pdf download

Download Full-Text Pdf

doi

10.31014/aior.1993.05.02.463

Pages: 1-21

Keywords: COVID-19 Pandemic, Distance Education, Planning, Implementing, Evaluation, Curriculum

Abstract

This research aims to examine distance education practices from the perspective of instructors in terms of Planning, implementation and evaluation. It is aimed to reveal the current situation regarding the planning, implementation and evaluation of distance education practices by ensuring that the distance education practices related to the teaching methods and techniques used in the courses, content and process are evaluated from the perspective of the instructors. The study group of the research consists of 20 instructors. In the research, qualitative data were obtained by the case study method. In the study, the data were collected using the semi-structured interview technique developed in consideration of the purpose of the research. Qualitative content analysis was used in the analysis of the data obtained. The results of the research reveal the positive and negative opinions of the instructors in terms of planning, implementation and evaluation. Considering the findings by institutions, practitioners, and the Council of Higher Education that implement distance education may contribute to increasing the quality of education.

References

  1. Akpinar, Y. (2003). Ogretmenlerin Yeni Bilgi Teknolojileri Kullaniminda Yuksekogretimin Etkisi: İstanbul Okullari Ornegi [The Effect of Higher Education on Teachers' Use of New Information Technologies: The Example of Istanbul Schools]. The Turkish Online Journal of Education Technology, 2(2), 79-96. http://tojet.net/articles/v2i2/2211.pdf

  2. Aydin, C. H. (2020). Uzaktan Egitimin Gelecegine İliskin Egilimler [Trends in the Future of Distance Education]. 28-36. https://www.emo.org.tr/ekler/7e8f8e5982b3298_ek.pdf?dergi=327

  3. Bailey, C. J., & Card, K. A. (2009). Effective Pedagogical Practices for Online Teaching: Perception of Experienced Instructors. Internet and Higher Education, 12(3-4), 152–155. Doi:10.1016/J.İheduc.2009.08.002

  4. Balci, A. (2012). Sosyal Bilimlerde Arastirma (9. Baski) [Research in the Social Sciences (9th Edition)]. Ankara: Pegem A Publishing.

  5. Balta, Y., & Turel, Y. K. (2013). Cevrimici Uzaktan Egitimde Kullanilan Farkli Olcme Degerlendirme Yaklasimlarina İliskin Bir Inceleme [A Review of Different Measurement and Evaluation Approaches Used in Online Distance Education]. Turkish Studies-International Periodical for The Languages, Literature and History of Turkish or Turkic, 8(3), 37-45. https://www.acarindex.com/dosyalar/makale/acarindex-1423933010.pdf

  6. Baris, M. F., Cankaya, P. (2016). Akademik Personelin Uzaktan Egitim Hakkindaki Gorusleri [Opinions of Academic Staff on Distance Education]. International Journal of Human Sciences, 13(1), Ss. 99-413. DOI: 10.14687/ijhs.v13i1.3378

  7. Bilgic, H., & Tuzun, H. (2015). Yuksekogretim Kurumlari Web Tabanli Uzaktan Egitim Programlarinda Yasanan Sorunlar [Problems Experienced in Web Based Distance Education Programs of Higher Education Institutions]. Acikogretim Uygulamalari ve Arastirmalari Dergisi AUAD. [Journal of Teaching Practices and Research]. 1 (3): 26‐50. https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/auad/issue/3028/42071

  8. Bonk, C. (2001). Online Teaching in an Online World. Http://www.Publicationshare.Com/Docs/Faculty_Survey_Report.Pdf

  9. Bowers, J., Kumar, P. (2017). Students’ Perceptions of Teaching and Social Presence: A Comparative Analysis of Face-To-Face and Online Learning Environments. In Blended Learning: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications 1532-1550. IGI Global. DOI:10.4018/ijwltt.2015010103

  10. Bozkurt, A. (2020). Koronavirus (Covid-19) Pandemi Sureci Ve Pandemi Sonrasi Dunyada Egitime Yonelik Degerlendirmeler: Yeni Normal Ve Yeni Egitim Paradigmasi. [The Coronavirus (Covid-19) Pandemic Process and Post-Pandemic Assessments on Education in the World: The New Normal and New Education Paradigm]. Auad, 6(3), 112142. https://dergipark.org.tr/en/download/article-file/1215818

  11. Buyukozturk, S. (2005). Anket gelistirme. [Survey development].Turk Egitim Bilimleri Dergisi, [Turkish Journal of Educational Sciences], 3(2), 133-151. https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/tebd/issue/26124/275190

  12. Buyukozturk, S. (2012). Sosyal Bilimler İcin Veri Analizi El Kitabi (17. Baski) [Handbook of Data Analysis for the Social Sciences (17th Edition)]. Ankara: PegemA Publishing.

  13. Buyukozturk, S., Cakmak, K., Akgun, O., Karadeniz, S., & Demirel F. (2008). Bilimsel Arastirma Yontemleri [Scientific Research Methods]. Ankara: Pegem Publishing.

  14. Can, E. (2012). Acik Ve Uzaktan Egitimde Akreditasyon Yeterlilik Duzeyinin İncelenmesi. [Investigation of Accreditation Sufficiency Level in Open and Distance Education] Marmara University Institute of Educational Sciences, Doctoral Thesis, İstanbul. https://avesis.marmara.edu.tr/yonetilen-tez/83e22261-2f4c-437e-a4e4-5ae5c76b3de8/acik-ve-uzaktan-egitimde-akreditasyon-yeterlilik-duzeyinin-incelenmesi

  15. Can, E. (2020). Coronavirus (Covid-19) Pandemisi Ve Pedagojik Yansimalari: Turkiye’de Acik Ve Uzaktan Egitim Uygulamalari. [Coronavirus (Covid-19) Pandemic and Pedagogical Reflections: Open and Distance Education Practices in Turkey.] Acikogretim Uygulamalari Ve Arastirmalari Dergisi Auad. [Journal of Teaching Practices and Research]. 6(2), 11-53. https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/auad/issue/55662/761354

  16. Creswell, J.W. (2007). Qualitative İnquiry & Research Design: Choosing Among Five Approaches. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

  17. Cronje, J.C. (2001). Metaphors and models in internet-based learning. Computers and Education, 37(3-4), 241-256. https://www.learntechlib.org/p/92889

  18. Deveci, I., & Kavak, S. (2020). Ortaokul Ogrencilerinin Yenilikcilik Algilari ve Yenilikci Dusunme Egilimleri: Bir Kesfedici Ardisik Desen. [Secondary School Students' Perceptions of Innovation and Innovative Thinking Tendencies: An Exploratory Sequential Pattern]. Egitimde Nitel Arastirmalar Dergisi – [Journal of Qualitative Research in Education], 8(1), 346-378. Doi:10.14689/issn.2148-2624.1.8c.1s.15m

  19. Dooley, K. E. & Murphrey, T. P. (2000). How The Perspectives of Administrators, Faculty, And Support Units İmpact The Rate of Distance Education Adoption? Online Journal of Distance Learning Administration, 3(4). https://www.learntechlib.org/p/92503/

  20. Durak, G., Cankaya, S., & Izmirli, S. (2020). Covid-19 Pandemi Doneminde Turkiye’deki Universitelerin Uzaktan Egitim Sistemlerinin Incelenmesi. [Examining The Distance Education Systems of Universities in Turkey During the Covid-19 Pandemic Period]. NEF-EFMED, 14(1), 787-809. DOI: https://doi.org/10.17522/balikesirnef.743080

  21. Erfidan, A. (2019). Derslerin Uzaktan Egitim Yoluyla Verilmesiyle İlgili Ogretim Elemani Ve Ogrenci Gorusleri: Balikesir Universitesi Ornegi. [The Views of Faculty Members and Students on the Teaching of Courses Through Distance Education: The Example of Balikesir University]. Master Thesis. Balikesir University. http://dspace.balikesir.edu.tr/xmlui/handle/20.500.12462/5606

  22. Falowo, R. O. (2007). Factors Impeding Implementation of Web-Based Distance Learning. AACE Journal, 15(3), 315-338. https://www.learntechlib.org/primary/p/21710

  23. Gardner, L. (2020, March 20). Covid-19 Has Forced Higher Ed to Pivot to Online Learning. Here Are 7 Takeaways So Far. The Chronicle of Higher Education. Https://www.Chronicle.Com/Article/Covid-19-Has-Forced-Highered/248297

  24. Gokmen, O. Duman, İ., & Horzum. M. (2016). Uzaktan Egitimde Kuramlar, Degisimler ve Yeni Yonelimler. [Theories, Changes and New Trends in Distance Education]. Acikogretim Uygulamalari Ve Arastirmalari Dergisi Auad. [Journal of Teaching Practices and Research]. 2 (3). 29-51. https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/download/article-file/402011

  25. Goktas, Y., Yildirim, Z., & Yildirim, S. (2008). Bilgi ve İletisim Teknolojilerinin Egitim Fakultelerindeki Durumu: Dekanlarin Gorusleri. [The Situation of Information and Communication Technologies in Education Faculties: Deans' Opinions]. Egitim ve Bilim [Education and Science] 33(149), 30-50. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/44117444_Bilgi_ve_Iletisim_Teknolojilerinin_Egitim_Fakultelerindeki_Durumu_Dekanlarin_Gorusleri

  26. Green, T., Alejandro, J. & Brown, A. (2009). The Retention of Experienced Faculty İn Online Distance Education Programs: Understanding Factors That Impact Their Involvement. The International Review of Research in Open and Distributed Learning, 10(3). http://www.irrodl.org/index.php/irrodl/article/view/683/1279

  27. Gurer, M., Tekinarsan, E., & Yavuzalp, N. (2016). Cevrimici Ders Veren Ogretim Elemanlarinin Uzaktan Egitim Hakkindaki Gorusleri. [Opinions of Instructors Giving Online Courses About Distance Education]. Turkish Online Journal of Qualitative Inquiry (TOJQI). 7 (1). 47-78 DOI: 10.17569/tojqi.74876

  28. Isman, A., & Dabaj, F. (2005). Diffusion of Distance Education in North Cyprus. TOJDE, 6(4) 1302-6488. https://eric.ed.gov/?id=ED494755

  29. Karahan, M. & Izci, E. (2001). Universite Ogrencilerinin Internet Kullanim Duzeyleri Ve Beklentilerinin Degerlendirilmesi [Evaluation of Internet Usage Levels and Expectations of University Students]. Milli Egitim Dergisi [Journal of National Education]. 150. http://yayim.meb.gov.tr/dergiler/150/karahan_izci.html

  30. Kurnaz, E., & Sercemeli, M. (2020). Covid-19 Pandemi Doneminde Akademisyenlerin Uzaktan Egitim ve Muhasebe Egitimine Yonelik Bakis Acilari Uzerine Bir Arastirma [A Study on the Perspectives of Academics on Distance Education and Accounting Education in the Pandemic Period]. USBAD Uluslararasi Sosyal Bilimler Akademi Dergisi [Journal of the International Academy of Social Sciences]. 2(3), 262-288. https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/download/article-file/1163428

  31. Li, X. (2009). Review of Distance Education Used in Higher Education in China. Asian Journal of Distance Education, 7(2), 22-27. https://www.learntechlib.org/p/185183

  32. Marek, M. W., Chew, C. S., & Wu, W. V. (2021). Teacher Experiences İn Converting Classes to Distance Learning in The Covid-19 Pandemic. International Journal of Distance Education Technologies, 19 (1). Doi: 10.4018/Ijdet.20210101.Oa3

  33. Merriam, S. B. (2009). Qualitative research: A Guide to Design and Implementation. Josseybass: Wiley.

  34. Miles, M. B., Huberman, A. M. (1994). Qualitative Data Analysis: A Sourcebook of New Methods. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

  35. Moore, G., & Anderson, W. (Eds) (2003). Handbook of Distance Education. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

  36. Ozalkan, G. S. (2021). Uzaktan Egitimde Olcme Ve Degerlendirme: Pandemi Surecinde Sosyal Bilimler Egitimini Yeniden Dusunmek. [Assessment and Evaluation in Distance Education: Rethinking Social Science Education in the Pandemic Process]. IJEASS. (4), 18-26. http://ijeass.gedik.edu.tr/tr/download/article-file/1547485

  37. Ozer, M. (2020). Covid-19 Salgini Sonrasi Dunyada Egitim. [Education in the World After the Covid-19 Pandemic]. https://www.meb.gov.tr/covid-19-salgini-sonrasi-dunyadaegitim/haber/20936/tr

  38. Ozgol, M., Sarikaya, İ. & Ozturk, M. (2017). Orgun Egitimde Uzaktan Egitim Uygulamalarina Iliskin Ögrenci Ve Ögretim Elemani Degerlendirmeleri [Student and Instructor' Evaluations On Distance Education Practices in Formal Education]. Yuksekögretim Ve Bilim Dergisi [Journal of Higher Education and Science] (2), 294-304. https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/higheredusci/issue/61493/918176

  39. Petzold, A. M. (2020). Letter to The Editor: Resources and Recommendations for A Quick Transition to Online Instruction in Physiology. Advances in Physiology Education, 44,217-219. Doi:10.1152/Advan.00049.2020

  40. Saritas, E., & Barutcu, S. (2020). Ogretimde Dijital Donusum ve Ogrencilerin Cevrimici Ogrenmeye Hazir Bulunuslulugu: Pandemi Doneminde Pamukkale Universitesi Ogrencileri Uzerinde Bir Arastirma [Digital Transformation in Education and Students' Readiness for Online Learning: A Study on Pamukkale University Students during the Pandemic Period]. IUYD, 11(1), 5-22. https://dergipark.org.tr/en/download/article-file/1124968

  41. Sayan, H. (2020). Covid-19 Pandemisi Surecinde Ogretim Elemanlarinin Uzaktan Egitime İliskin Goruslerinin Degerlendirilmesi. [Evaluation of Instructors Views on Distance Education during the Covid-19 Pandemic Process]. AJIT-e: Bilisim Teknolojileri Online Dergisi [Information Technologies Online Journal] 11 (42). https://doi.org/10.5824/ajite.2020.03.004.x

  42. Telli, S. G., & Altun, D. (2020). Coronavirus ve Cevrimici (Online) Egitimin Onlenemeyen Yukselisi [Coronavirus and the Unstoppable Rise of Online Education]. Universite Arastirmalari Dergisi [Journal of University Studies] 3(1), 25-34. DOI: https://doi.org/10.32329/uad.711110

  43. Tuncer, M., & Tanas, R. (2011). Akademisyenlerin Uzaktan Egitim Programlarina Yonelik Goruslerinin Degerlendirilmesi (Firat Ve Tunceli Universiteleri Ornegi) [Evaluation of Academicians' Opinions on Distance Education Programs (Firat and Tunceli Universities Example)]. Ilkogretim Online [Primary Education Online]10 (2), 776- 784. https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/ilkonline/issue/8592/106837

  44. Ulmer, L. W., Watson, L. W. & Derby, D. (2007). Perceptions of higher education faculty members on the value of distance education. Quarterly Review of Distance Education, 8, 59-70. https://www.academia.edu/65137635/Perceptions_of_Higher_Education_Faculty_Members_on_the_Value_of_Distance_Education

  45. UNESCO. (2020). COVID-19: 10 Recommendations to Plan Distance Learning Solutions. Https://En.Unesco.Org/News/Covid-19-10-Recommendations-Plan-Distance-Learning Solutions.

  46. Yildirim, A., & Simsek, H. (2013). Sosyal Bilimlerde Nitel Arastirma Yontemleri [Qualitative research methods in the social sciences]. Seckin Publishing.

  47. YOKAK. (2020). Yuksekogretimde Uzaktan Egitim Ve Kalite Guvencesi Sistemi [Distance Education and Quality Assurance System in Higher Education]. Https://Portal.Yokak.Gov.Tr/Makale/Uzaktan-Egitim-Ve-Kalite-Guvence-Sistemi/

  48. Zan, N., & Zan, B. U. (2020). Koronavirus İle Acil Durumda Egitim: Turkiye’nin Farkli Bolgelerinden Uzaktan Egitim Sistemine Dahil Olan Edebiyat Fakultesi Ogrencilerine Genel Bakis [Education in an Emergency with the Coronavirus: An Overview of the Faculty of Letters Students Included in the Distance Education System from Different Regions of Turkey]. Turkish Studies, 15(4), 1367-1394. DOI: 10.7827/TurkishStudies.44365