Education Quarterly Reviews
Published: 17 November 2022
Government Expenditure on Education and Its Impact on Access: A Narrative of the Czech Republic
Abdul Basit Abdul Rahaman, Nurudeen Abdul-Rahman
Dr. Hilla Limann Technical University, National Research University Higher School of Economics
Download Full-Text Pdf
Keywords: Government Expenditure, Secondary Education, Primary Education, Tertiary Education, Gross Domestic Product
The paper presents a pictorial trend of the Czech government's educational expenditure on education as a percentage of the country’s GDP from 1998 to 2017. It begins with a brief profile of the country and its educational system. Its primary concern is focused on the government's funding source of education; how much percentage of the GDP is spent on education; how much is spent on each student; how these funds are spent; which of the levels of education receives more funding; and how this funding affects educational access at all the levels of education in the country. In an attempt to achieve the research aim, the study employed descriptive statistics to examine and analyze the funding trends at the various levels of education and their impact on enrolments using secondary data from the UNESCO Institute Statistics website. The study reveals taxation from the public as the main source of funding for education; the decentralized system is used to fund education; and the average expenditure between 1998 and 2017 is 3.5% lower than the OECD average of 5%. The findings further reveal that the Czech government's gross expenditure on education as a whole increased steadily over the years, even though it has been below the average standard of 5% of the OECD for the period of study. The government spent more on secondary education than the other levels, and lastly, government funding on education has a significant impact on students’ gross enrolment, especially at the secondary and tertiary levels.
Abdul-Rahaman, N., Rongting, Z., Wan, M., Iddrisu, I., Rahaman, A. B. A., & Amadu, L. (2020). The impact of government funding on senior high enrolment in Ghana. South African Journal of Education, 40(4).
Busemeyer, M. R. (2007). Determinants of public education spending in 21 OECD democracies, 1980-2001. Journal of European Public Policy, 14(4), 582-610. https://doi.org/10.1080/13501760701314417
Castleman, B. L., & Long, B. T. (2016). Looking beyond enrollment: The causal effect of need-based grants on college access, persistence, and graduation. Journal of Labor Economics, 34(4), 1023-1073.
Dynarski, S., Scott-Clayton, J., & Wiederspan, M. (2013). Simplifying tax incentives and aid for college: Progress and prospects. Tax policy and the economy, 27(1), 161-202. https://doi.org/10.1086/671247
Greger, D., & Walterová, E. (2018). In pursuit of educational change: transformation of education in the Czech Republic. Orbis scholae, 1(2), 11-44.
Hossler, D. (2000). The role of financial aid in enrollment management. New directions for student services, 2000(89), 77-90. https://doi.org/10.1002/ss.8906
Data commons. (2020). Economics. https://datacommons.org/place/country/CZE?utm_medium=explore&mprop=count&popt=Person&hl=en
Results of the 2016 Uis Education SURVEY now available. UNESCO UIS. (2017, June 16). http://uis.unesco.org/en/news/results-2016-uis-education-survey-now-available.
Meneses, F., & Blanco, C. (2010). Financial aid and higher education enrollment in Chile: A government policy analysis.
Sedel, J. (2004). Three sets of indicators on education: Education at a glance (OECD), Key data on education (European Union), The state of education (French Ministry of Education). Elements of comparison and analysis. European Educational Research Journal, 3(1), 139-176. https://doi.org/10.2304/eerj.2004.3.1.4
Oecd. (2019). Education at a Glance 2019 OECD Indicators (p. 4). Paris: OECD.
Singell Jr, L. D. (2004). Come and stay a while: does financial aid effect retention conditioned on enrollment at a large public university? Economics of Education review, 23(5), 459-471. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.econedurev.2003.10.006
Solis, A. (2017). Credit access and college enrollment. Journal of Political Economy, 125(2), 562-622.
Topel, R. (1999). Labor markets and economic growth. Handbook of labor economics, 3, 2943-2984.
Wolf, F., & Zohlnhöfer, R. (2009). Investing in human capital? The determinants of private education expenditure in 26 OECD countries. Journal of European Social Policy, 19(3), 230-244.
E. A. C. (2020, January 30). Funding opportunities. Education and Training - European Commission. https://ec.europa.eu/education/resources-and-tools/funding-opportunities_en.