Asian Institute of Research, Journal Publication, Journal Academics, Education Journal, Asian Institute
Asian Institute of Research, Journal Publication, Journal Academics, Education Journal, Asian Institute

Education Quarterly Reviews

ISSN 2621-5799

asia institute of research, journal of education, education journal, education quarterly reviews, education publication, education call for papers
asia institute of research, journal of education, education journal, education quarterly reviews, education publication, education call for papers
asia institute of research, journal of education, education journal, education quarterly reviews, education publication, education call for papers
asia institute of research, journal of education, education journal, education quarterly reviews, education publication, education call for papers
crossref
doi
open access

Published: 17 November 2022

Government Expenditure on Education and Its Impact on Access: A Narrative of the Czech Republic

Abdul Basit Abdul Rahaman, Nurudeen Abdul-Rahman

Dr. Hilla Limann Technical University, National Research University Higher School of Economics

asia institute of research, journal of education, education journal, education quarterly reviews, education publication, education call for papers
pdf download

Download Full-Text Pdf

doi

10.31014/aior.1993.05.04.590

Pages: 279-289

Keywords: Government Expenditure, Secondary Education, Primary Education, Tertiary Education, Gross Domestic Product

Abstract

The paper presents a pictorial trend of the Czech government's educational expenditure on education as a percentage of the country’s GDP from 1998 to 2017. It begins with a brief profile of the country and its educational system. Its primary concern is focused on the government's funding source of education; how much percentage of the GDP is spent on education; how much is spent on each student; how these funds are spent; which of the levels of education receives more funding; and how this funding affects educational access at all the levels of education in the country. In an attempt to achieve the research aim, the study employed descriptive statistics to examine and analyze the funding trends at the various levels of education and their impact on enrolments using secondary data from the UNESCO Institute Statistics website. The study reveals taxation from the public as the main source of funding for education; the decentralized system is used to fund education; and the average expenditure between 1998 and 2017 is 3.5% lower than the OECD average of 5%. The findings further reveal that the Czech government's gross expenditure on education as a whole increased steadily over the years, even though it has been below the average standard of 5% of the OECD for the period of study. The government spent more on secondary education than the other levels, and lastly, government funding on education has a significant impact on students’ gross enrolment, especially at the secondary and tertiary levels.

References

  1. Abdul-Rahaman, N.,   Rongting, Z., Wan, M., Iddrisu, I., Rahaman, A. B. A., & Amadu, L.   (2020). The impact of government funding on senior high enrolment in Ghana.   South African Journal of Education, 40(4).
    https://doi.org/10.15700/saje.v40n4a1648

  2. Busemeyer, M. R.   (2007). Determinants of public education spending in 21 OECD democracies,   1980-2001. Journal of European Public Policy, 14(4), 582-610. https://doi.org/10.1080/13501760701314417

  3. Castleman, B. L.,   & Long, B. T. (2016). Looking beyond enrollment: The causal effect of   need-based grants on college access, persistence, and graduation. Journal of   Labor Economics, 34(4), 1023-1073.
    https://doi.org/10.1086/686643

  4. Dynarski, S.,   Scott-Clayton, J., & Wiederspan, M. (2013). Simplifying tax incentives   and aid for college: Progress and prospects. Tax policy and the economy,   27(1), 161-202. https://doi.org/10.1086/671247

  5. Greger, D., &   Walterová, E. (2018). In pursuit of educational change: transformation of   education in the Czech Republic. Orbis scholae, 1(2), 11-44.
    https://doi.org/10.14712/23363177.2018.165

  6. Hossler, D. (2000).   The role of financial aid in enrollment management. New directions for student   services, 2000(89), 77-90. https://doi.org/10.1002/ss.8906

  7. Data commons.   (2020). Economics.   https://datacommons.org/place/country/CZE?utm_medium=explore&mprop=count&popt=Person&hl=en

  8. Results of the 2016   Uis Education SURVEY now available. UNESCO UIS. (2017, June 16).   http://uis.unesco.org/en/news/results-2016-uis-education-survey-now-available.

  9. Meneses, F., &   Blanco, C. (2010). Financial aid and higher education enrollment in Chile: A   government policy analysis.

  10. Sedel, J. (2004).   Three sets of indicators on education: Education at a glance (OECD), Key data   on education (European Union), The state of education (French Ministry of   Education). Elements of comparison and analysis. European Educational   Research Journal, 3(1), 139-176. https://doi.org/10.2304/eerj.2004.3.1.4

  11. Oecd. (2019).   Education at a Glance 2019 OECD Indicators (p. 4). Paris: OECD.

  12. Singell Jr, L. D.   (2004). Come and stay a while: does financial aid effect retention   conditioned on enrollment at a large public university? Economics of   Education review, 23(5), 459-471. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.econedurev.2003.10.006

  13. Solis, A. (2017).   Credit access and college enrollment. Journal of Political Economy, 125(2),   562-622.
    https://doi.org/10.1086/690829

  14. Topel, R. (1999).   Labor markets and economic growth. Handbook of labor economics, 3, 2943-2984.
    https://doi.org/10.1016/S1573-4463(99)30035-3

  15. Wolf, F., &   Zohlnhöfer, R. (2009). Investing in human capital? The determinants of   private education expenditure in 26 OECD countries. Journal of European   Social Policy, 19(3), 230-244.
    https://doi.org/10.1177/0958928709104738

  16. E. A. C. (2020,   January 30). Funding opportunities. Education and Training - European   Commission.   https://ec.europa.eu/education/resources-and-tools/funding-opportunities_en.