Education Quarterly Reviews
Published: 26 April 2021
Higher Education in Pakistan: Challenges, Opportunities, Suggestions
Khan Ghulam Murtaza, Liu Hui
Guangzhou University, China
Download Full-Text Pdf
Keywords: Pakistan Higher Education, Challenges, Suggestions
Higher education provides opportunities to censoriously reveal the cultural, moral, socio-economic, and spiritual issues faced by the human race. Pakistan's higher education system has many institutional drawbacks includes a lack of quality management, institutional structure, and knowledge gaps between cross-culture educations systems to improve the efficiency of the current higher education system in Pakistan. To make Pakistan an educational center, Pakistan must strengthen the education system by developing modern technology and higher education. This study focuses on low enrolment and dropout gaps, quality and quantity of higher education standards, infrastructure, facilities, and low-quality teaching methods. This study summarizes these problems with suggestions to improve higher education standards and quality through cross-culture developments, performance standards, teaching methods, and examination reforms in Pakistan's higher education system.
Ahsan Nisar, (2019). Challenges for higher education in Pakistan, Pakistan & Gulf Economist, http://www.pakistangulfeconomist.com/2019/01/21/challenges-for-higher-education-system-in-pakistan/
Aly, Z., & Taj, F. (2008). Why Pakistani medical graduates must remain free to emigrate. PLoS Med, 5(1), e2. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.0050002
Anwar, M., Tahir, T., Saeed, S., & Ghori, U. K. (2012). High dropout contributes to low literacy rate in pakistan: comparison of dropout at hssc and college level in pakistan. Academic Research International, 3(2), 398.
Ashraf, M. A. (2019). Exploring the potential of religious literacy in Pakistani education. Religions, 10(7), 429. https://doi.org/10.3390/rel10070429
Barnett, R. (1992). Improving higher education: Total quality care. Open University Press, 1900 Frost Rd., Suite 101, Bristol, PA 19007.
Haq, A. U., Mahmood, S., Shabbir, M., & Batool, Z. (2020). Assessing the Academic integrity among University Students in Pakistan. Journal of Business and Social Review in Emerging Economies, 6(3), 1025-1032. https://doi.org/10.26710/jbsee.v6i3.1359
Hossain, N., Shah, N., Shah, T., & Lateef, S. B. (2016). Physicians’ migration: perceptions of Pakistani medical students. J Coll Physicians Surg Pak, 26(8), 696-701.
Iannuzzi, P. A., Abbott, T., Brown, J., Gibbons, S., King, L., McCaslin, S., Reichel, M., Ruelle, J., Stillwell, L., Petrowski, M., Goetsch, L. (2011). Standards for Libraries in Higher Education. 1-29. Chicago: Association of College & Research Libraries.
Jan, S. U., & Hussain, A. (2020). College Library System in Pakistan: A Survey of Government College Libraries of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. Library Philosophy and Practice, 1-14.
Javed, B., Zainab, B., Zakai, S. N., & Malik, S. (2019). Perceptions of International Student Mobility: A Qualitative Case Study. Journal of Education and Educational Development, 6(2), 269-287.
Kammer, M. (2019). Balanced teaching: Strategically maximizing every moment of instruction to enhance student learning and performance. In EDULEARN19 Proceedings 11th International Conference on Education and New Learning Technologies Palma, Spain. 1-3 July, 2019 (pp. 1047-1053). IATED Academy.
Khan, A., & Ahmed, S. (2013). The impact of digital library resources on scholarly communication: challenges and opportunities for university libraries in Pakistan. Library Hi Tech News. https://doi.org/10.1108/LHTN-07-2013-0046
Lokkesmoe, K. J., Kuchinke, K. P., & Ardichvili, A. (2016). Developing cross-cultural awareness through foreign immersion programs. European Journal of Training and Development. https://doi.org/10.1108/EJTD-07-2014-0048
Memon, G. R. (2007). Education in Pakistan: The key issues, problems and the new challenges. Journal of Management and Social Sciences, 3(1), 47-55.
Nasir Khan, (2018) Reforming higher education in Pakistan – Pakistan Daily Times. https://dailytimes.com.pk/245170/reforming-higher-education-in-pakistan/
Sabates, R., Westbrook, J., Akyeampong, K., & Hunt, F. (2010). School drop out: Patterns, causes, changes and policies. http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0019/001907/190771e.pdf
Salik, M., & Zhiyong, Z. (2014). Gender discrimination and inequalities in higher education: A case study of rural areas of Pakistan. Academic Research International, 5(2), 269. http://www.savap.org.pk/journals/ARInt./Vol.5(2)/2014(5.2-30).pdf
Siddique, N., & Mahmood, K. (2016). Combating problems related to library software in higher education institutions of Pakistan: An analysis of focus groups. Malaysian Journal of Library & Information Science, 21(1), 35-51.
Sheikh, Y. A. (2017). Higher education in India: Challenges and opportunities. Journal of Education and Practice, 8(1), 39-42. https://eric.ed.gov/?id=EJ1131773
Soomro, T. R., & Ahmad, R. (2012). Quality in Higher Education: United Arab Emirates perspective. Higher Education Studies, 2(4), 148-152.
Stateuniversity.com, Pakistan - Higher Education - Universities, Colleges... https://education.stateuniversity.com/pages/1146/Pakistan-HIGHER-EDUCATION.html
Sylvain Denat. (2017) Dynamic Teaching: A New and Effective method https://www.program345.com/en/dynamic-teaching-new-effective-method/
The World Bank Annual Report, (2018) https://databank.worldbank.org/source/education-statistics-%5e-all-indicators
Ullah, M. H., Ajmal, M., & Rahman, F. (2011). Analysis of quality indicators of higher education in Pakistan. Canadian Journal of Social Sciences, 1(1), 1-5. http://www.intconfhighered.org/FINAL%20Ullah%20full%20text%20.pdf
Zulfiqar, Z., Shabbir, M., & Ishfaq, K. (2019). A Sociological Study of Contributing Factors of Educational Exclusion of Children in Southern Punjab, Pakistan. Pakistan Social Sciences Review (PSSR) 3 (2), 282-292.