Asian Institute of Research, Journal Publication, Journal Academics, Education Journal, Asian Institute
Asian Institute of Research, Journal Publication, Journal Academics, Education Journal, Asian Institute

Education Quarterly Reviews

ISSN 2621-5799

asia institute of research, journal of education, education journal, education quarterly reviews, education publication, education call for papers
asia institute of research, journal of education, education journal, education quarterly reviews, education publication, education call for papers
asia institute of research, journal of education, education journal, education quarterly reviews, education publication, education call for papers
asia institute of research, journal of education, education journal, education quarterly reviews, education publication, education call for papers
crossref
doi
open access

Published: 04 March 2021

Mentoring: The Way to Academic Excellence

Nnabuife Ezimma K, Okoli Ifeanyi E. Nuel, Nwakoby Nkiru Peace, Adani Nnenne Ifechi

Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Nigeria

asia institute of research, journal of education, education journal, education quarterly reviews, education publication, education call for papers
pdf download

Download Full-Text Pdf

doi

10.31014/aior.1993.04.01.180

Pages: 130-140

Keywords: Mentorship, Protégé, Kram’s theory, Academic Excellence, Mentoring

Abstract

This study is aimed at exploring the rationale behind academic mentor’s success, as mentoring is a developmental process involving capacity-building, knowledge transfer and employee retention in organizations. This paper is a conceptual study conducted with an extensive review of relevant literature on mentoring. The reviewed literature centres on meaning, forms and types of mentoring, qualities of a good mentor, stages and benefits of mentoring, challenges of mentoring, mentoring and academic excellence. This study was anchored on the descriptive mentoring theory by Kram (1985). The study found that regardless of how well a mentor and mentee fit together, either in form or in a positive way, the relationship should be professionally structured as well as considered and respected by both parties. The study also concludes that most successful mentorship usually evolve into friendship with both partners learning and providing support for each other. This paper contributes in the existing literature by examining the rationale for successful mentorship and ways to overcoming mentors challenges. No previous research has illustrated the ways mentorship could lead to academic excellence in Nigerian tertiary institution.

References

  1. Abouraia, M.K; & Albdour, L.R.M. (2017). Determinants of Mentoring and its Significance in Career Success: A Brief Literature Review. International Journal of Human Resource Studies, 7, (4): 106-120.

  2. Afolabi, E.R.I., Faleye, B.A. & Adeola, A.M (2015). Mentoring among Academic Staff of Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria.Journal of Education and Human Development. 4(2): 159-167. DOI: 10.15640/jehd.v4n2a19.

  3. Altbach, P.G. & Salmi, J. (eds) (2011). The Road to Academic Excellence: The making of World-Class Research Universities. Washington, D.C.: The World Bank.

  4. American Psychological Association. (APA) (2006). Introduction to Mentoring: A Guide for Mentors and Mentees. American Psychologist, 1-18.

  5. Anijobi-Idem, F. & Archibong, I.A. (2012). Adjustment challenges of new academic staff in Nigerian universities: A case study of university of Calabar. Journal of Education and Practice, 3(9), 69-75.

  6. Assie-Lumumba, N. (2005). Higher Education in Africa: Crises, Reforms and Transformation. Senegal: Council for the Development of Social Science Research in Africa (CODSERIA).

  7. Atkinson, M., & Mitchell, H. (2008). Mentoring and Coaching for Professionals: A Study of the Research Evidence. Slough: National Foundation for Educational Research.

  8. Ayodeji I.O. & Adebayo L.F. (2015). Role of Mentoring in Business Development in Nigeria. Global Journal of Human Resource Management, 3(3): 17-38.

  9. Buell, C. (2004). Models of Mentoring in Communication. Journal of Communication Education, 53(1), 56-73. https://doi.org/10.1080/0363452032000135779

  10. Campbell, T.A., & Campbell, D.E. (1997). Faculty/student mentor program: effects on academic performance and retention. Research in Higher Education, 38(6), 727-742. http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1024911904627

  11. Carrey, E.C. & Weissman, D.E. (2010). Understanding and finding mentorship: a review for junior faculty. Journal of Palliative Medicine. 13(11):1373-9. doi: 10.1089/jpm.2010.0091

  12. Chughtai, A., & Zafar, S. (2006). Antecedents and Consequences of Organizational Commitment among Pakistani University Teachers. Applied H.R.M Research, 11 (1), 39-64.

  13. Connor, M., & Pokora, J. (2007). Coaching and mentoring at work: Developing effective practice. Berkshire, United Kingdom: Maidenhead Open University Press.

  14. Crisp, G., & Cruz, I. (2009). Mentoring college students: A critical review of the literature between 1990 and 2007. Research in Higher Education, 50(6), 525-545. doi:10.1007/s11162-009-9130-2

  15. Cull, J. (2006). Mentoring Young Entrepreneurs: What Leads to Success? International Journal of Evidence Based Coaching and Mentoring. 4(2): 8-18.

  16. Dantonio, M. (2001). Collegial coaching: Inquiry into the teaching self. Bloomington, IN: Phi Delta Kappa.

  17. Ehrich, L.C. & Hansford, B. (1999). Mentoring: Pros and cons for HRM. Asia Pacific Journal of Human Resources,37(3), 92-107. https://doi.org/10.1177/103841119903700307.

  18. Ekechukwu, R.O. & Horsfall, M.N. (2015). Academic Mentoring In Higher Education: A Strategy to Quality Assurance in Teacher Education in Nigeria. European Journal of Research and Reflection in Educational Sciences, 3(2): 37 – 45.

  19. Genser, T. (1996). Preparing mentors of beginning teachers: An overview for staff developers. Journal of Staff Development, 17(4), 8-11

  20. Gibb, S. (1999). The usefulness of theory: a case study in evaluating formal mentoring schemes. Human Relations, 52(8), 1055-1075.

  21. Hay, J (1995). Transformational Mentoring. New York Irwin Mc-Graw Hill Book Company.

  22. Herrera, C., Vang, Z., & Gale, L.Y. (2002). Group Mentoring: A Study of Mentoring Groups in Three Programs. Philadelphia,: Public/Private Ventures.

  23. Higgins, M.C. & Kram, K.E. (2001). Reconceptualizing mentoring at work: A developmental network perspective. Academy of Management Review, 26(2), 264-288.

  24. Hodgson G.M. (2006). What Are Institutions? Journal of Economic Issues; 40: (1).

  25. Idris, M.A., Dollard, M.F., Coward, J., & Dormann, C. (2012). Psychosocial safety climate: Conceptual distinctiveness and effect on job demands and worker psychological health. Safety Science, 50(1), 19-28.

  26. Jekielek, S.M & Moore, K.A. (2002). Mentoring: A promising strategy for Youth Development. Child Trends. Retrieved from http://www.childtrends.org. Accessed 18th March 2020.

  27. Johnson, B.W. (2002). The international mentor: Strategies and Guidelines for the Practice of mentoring. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 33(1), 88-96.

  28. Jones, K.R. (2016). Group mentoring. 4-H Youth Development Publications. Retrieved on 7th April, 2020, from the web: https://uknowledge.uky.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1005&context=ky4h_reports.

  29. Karanja, B.W. & Gukingu, J.M. (2014). Effect of mentorship programmes on the performance of students in secondary schools in Mbooni East District, Makueni Country – Kenya. Meditarranean Journal of Social Sciences. 5(5), 167-175.

  30. Karcher, M.J., Kuperminc, G.P., Portwood, S.G., Sipe, C.L., & Taylor, A.S. (2006). Mentoring programs: A framework to inform program development, research, and evaluation. Journal of Community Psychology34(6): 709–725.

  31. Karcher, M.J., & Berger, J.R.M. (2017). One-to-one cross-age peer mentoring. Retrievedon 7th April 2020, from the web: https://nationalmentoringresourcecenter.org/index.php/what-works-in-mentoring/model-and-population-reviews.html?layout=editandid=301.

  32. Kaufman, M. (2017). E-mentoring. Retrieved 7thApril 2020, from web: https://nationalmentoringresourcecenter.org/index.php/what-works-in-mentoring/model-and-population-reviews.html?layout=editandid=323

  33. Klasen, N. & Clutter, D. (2002). Implementing Mentoring Schemes. A Practical Guide to Successful Programs. Oxford: Butterworth, Heinemann.

  34. Klinge, M.C (2015). A conceptual framework for mentoring in a learning organization. Adult Learning journals. Sagepub.com. https://doi.org/10.1177/10.1177/104515

  35. Kram, K.E. (1988). Mentoring at work: Developmental relationships in organizational life. University Press of America.

  36. Kram, K.E (1985). “Mentoring at Work” Glenview, Scott Freeman.

  37. Kuperminc, G.P. (2016). Group mentoring. Retrieved on 6th April 2020, from the web:https://nationalmentoringresourcecenter.org/index.php/what-works-in-mentoring/model-and-population-reviews.html?id=121.

  38. Kuperminc, G.P., & Thomason, J.D. (2014). Group mentoring. In Handbook of Youth Mentoring, edited by D. L. DuBois and M. J. Karcher. LosAngeles, CA: Sage, pp. 273-289.

  39. Long, J. (1997). The dark side of mentoring. Australian Educational Research, 24(2): 115-83.

  40. Megginson, D. (2006). "Mentoring in Action: A Practical Guide (2nd ed.)", Human Resource Management International Digest, 14(7). https://doi.org/10.1108/hrmid.2006.04414gae.002.

  41. Mentor/Mentoring Partnership (2005). How to build a successful mentoring programme using the elements of effective practice. Retrieved on 23th February, 2020 from www.mentoring.org.

  42. Monanu Oge .G, Okoli, Ifeanyi .E, Ezeliora Martins & Okeke Patrick .A. (2014). Organizational Justice and Citizenship Behaviour among Academic Staff of Selected Private Universities in Southeast Nigeria. Journal of Economics and Sustainable Development, 5 (21): 12-23.

  43. Mtewa, D.J. & Thomson, J.J. (2000). The dilemma of mentoring in subject teaching: Implication for teacher preparation in Zimbabwe. Journal of In-service Education, 26 (1), 139-152.

  44. Murray, M. (1991). Beyond the myths and magic of mentoring: How to facilitate an effective mentoring program. San Francisco, CA: Josssy-Bass.

  45. Noam, G.G., Malti, T., & Karcher, M.J. (2013). Mentoring relationships in developmental perspective. Handbook of Youth Mentoring: 99-115.

  46. Ogboju, (2011). Gender inequality in academia: Evidences from Nigeria. Contemporary issues in Educational Research, 4(9), 1-8.

  47. Ojeaga I.J. & Okolocha C.C., (2019). Influence of Mentoring On Professional Commitment of Business Educators in Tertiary Institutions in Edo and Delta States, Nigeria. International Journal of Education, Learning and Development. 7(12): 11-23.

  48. Okoli, I.E. & Monanu, Oge .G. (2016). An Exploratory Study of Job Insecurity as a Correlate of Employee Affective Commitment. International Journal of Research in IT, Management and Engineering, 6 (10): 1-6.

  49. Ongek M. (2016). Mentoring as a Process of Developing Effective School Leaders in the 21st Century. International Journal of Humanities & Social Science Studies 2(6): 331-337.

  50. Osezua O.C, & Agbalajobi D.T. (2016). A qualitative study of gender issues associated with academic mentoring in a Nigerian university. Journal of Educational Research and Practice. 6(1):119–14.

  51. Peretomode V.F. & Ikoya P. (2019). Mentorship: A Strategic Technique for Achieving Excellence, Manpower Development and Nation Building. Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences,10 (2): 17 – 24, Doi: 10.2478/mjss-2019-0019.

  52. Raza, S.A. (2010). Impact of Organizational Climate on Performance of College Teachers in Punjab, Journal of College Teaching & Learning, 7 (10).

  53. Renshaw, P. (2008). Reflect: Creative partnerships national co-mentoring programme. Executive Summary. Gateshead: The Sage Gateshead.

  54. Smith, L.H. (2011). Cross-age peer mentoring approach to impact the health outcomes of children and families. Journal for Specialists in Pediatric Nursing 16: 220–225.

  55. Tettey, W.J. (2006). Staff retention in African universities: Elements of a sustainable strategy. Washington DC: World Bank.

  56. Thomson, L & Kelly-Vance (2001). The impact of mentoring on the academic achievement of at risk youth – children. Children and Youth Services Review. 23, (3), 227-242.

  57. Ugweze, F.C., Ngwoke, O.R., & Aniodo, D.A. (2013). Mentoring the Junior Physical Education Academics in Nigerian Universities in the Face of Emerging Global Challenges. Bassey Andah Journal, 6: 130 - 145.

  58. Wanberg, C.R., Welsh, E.T., & Hezlett, S.A. (2003). Mentoring Research: A Review and Dynamic Process Model: In Research in Personnel and Human Resources Management. 22: 39-124. Bingley: Emerald Group Publishing Limited. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/s0742-7301

  59. Williams, E.A. (2000). Team mentoring: New directions for research on employee development in organizations. Paper Presented at the Academy of Management Meeting, Toronto, Canada.

  60. Winesfield, A.H., & Jarret, R. (2001). Occupational stress in university staff. International Journal of Stress Management, 8, 285–298.

  61. Wright, C.A., & Wright, S.D. (1987). The Role of Mentors in the Career Development of Young Professionals. Family Relations, 36(2): 204-208.

  62. Wright, S.C. & Smith, D. E. (2000). A case for formalizing mentoring. Quest, 52(2), 200-213.

  63. Zachary, L.J. (2011). The Mentor’s guide: Facilitating effective learning relationship, 2nd edition, John Wiley & Sons Inc.