Education Quarterly Reviews
Published: 30 April 2021
Music Teachers’ Burnout Levels in terms of Some Variables
Bolu Abant İzzet Baysal University, Turkey
Download Full-Text Pdf
Keywords: Music Teachers, Burnout, Gender, Seniority, Institution, In-Service Training
The disappointments of Nurse Jones, who is well-known by education researchers working in burnout have been seen frequently among teachers in recent years. Research results show that, contrary to the established perception existing in society, music teachers are one of the groups that experience burnout most heavily. The international literature offers a rich knowledge on this subject. However, in Turkey, the literature in which we can discuss the subject has not yet matured. There is a need for empirical research on the subject. The purpose of the study is to examine whether the burnout levels of music teachers differ according to gender, seniority, institution, and participation in in-service training. The study, structured according to the survey model, was carried out with 48 music teachers. The data were obtained using the Personal Information Form and Maslach Burnout Inventory-Educators Survey. ANOVA, Kruskal-Wallis, t-test, and Mann-Whitney U test were used for data analysis. The results showed that music teachers' burnout was not differed according to gender, seniority, institution, and participation in in-service training.
Ağar, M. (2017). Yeni atanan öğretmenlere ilişkin gözlemler ve il milli eğitim müdürlüğü hizmetiçi eğitim programlarının yapılandırılması [Observations on new teachers and structuring in-service training programs of the Provincial Directorate of National Education]. In G. Öztürk & Ö. Öztürk (Eds.), Müzik Öğretmenlerine Yönelik Hizmetiçi Eğitim Çalıştayı Sonuç Raporu [Final Report of In-Service Training Workshop for Music Teachers] (pp. 24-28). Tokat: GOP University Publishing.
Alkan, E. (2011). Yıldırma (mobbing) davranışlarının beden eğitimi ve spor öğretmenlerinin tükenmişliği üzerine etkisi [The effect of mobbing behaviors on burnout of physical education and sports teachers] (Unpublished master’s thesis). Balıkesir University, Balıkesir, Turkey.
Andrews, B. W. (1996). Student team learning in music instruction: Restructuring the traditional task-incentive system. McGill Journal of Education, 31(2), 159-178.
Arı, G. S., & Bal, E. Ç. (2008). Tükenmişlik kavramı: Birey ve örgütler açısından önemi [The concept of burnout: Its importance for individuals and organizations]. Yönetim ve Ekonomi: Celal Bayar Üniversitesi İktisadi ve İdari Bilimler Fakültesi Dergisi, 15(1), 131-148.
Ballantyne, J. (2005). Effectiveness of preservice music teacher education programs: Perceptions of early-career music teachers (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Australia.
Ballantyne, J., & Retell, J. (2020). Teaching careers: Exploring links between well-being, burnout, self-efficacy and praxis shock. Frontiers in Psychology, 10(2255), 1-13. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.02255
Barış, S. (2019). 21. yüzyılda Tokat’ın ekonomik görünümü: TR83 ve Türkiye geneli ile bir karşılaştırma [The economic appearance of Tokat in the 21st century: A comparison with TR83 and Turkey]. Journal of Social Sciences of Mus Alparslan University, 7(1), 111-124. http://dx.doi.org/10.18506/anemon.410534
Baysal, A. (1995). Lise ve dengi okul öğretmenlerinde meslekte tükenmişliğe etki eden faktörler [Factors affecting burnout in high school and equivalent school teachers] (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). Dokuz Eylül University, İzmir, Turkey.
Bernhard, H. C. (2006). A survey of burnout among elementary and secondary school music teachers. Research Perspectives in Music Education, 10(1), 7-13.
Byrne, B. M. (1994). Burnout: Testing for the validity, replication, and invariance of causal structure across elementary, intermediate, and secondary teachers. American Educational Research Journal, 31(3), 645-673. https://doi.org/10.3102/00028312031003645
Byrne, B. M. (1999). The nomological network of teacher burnout: A literature review and empirically validated model. In R. Vandenberghe & A. M. Huberman (Eds.), Understanding and Preventing Teacher Burnout (pp. 15-37). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Çelik, G. (2011). İlköğretim okullarında örgütsel ayrımcılık ve öğretmenlerin tükenmişlik düzeylerine etkisi [Organizational discrimination in primary schools and its effects on teacher's burnout levels] (Unpublished master’s thesis). Sakarya University, Sakarya, Turkey.
Cross, K. (2016). How’s your balance? Southwestern Musician, May, 21-30.
Cunningham, W. G. (1983). Teacher burnout-Solutions for the 1980s: A review of the literature. The Urban Review, 15(1), 37-51. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01112341
Dalkılıç, O. S. (2014). Çalışma hayatında tükenmişlik sendromu: Tükenmişlikle mücadele teknikleri [Burnout syndrome in working life: Techniques to combat burnout] (2ndEdition). Ankara: Nobel Publishing.
Doğramacı, E. (1997). Türkiye’de kadının dünü ve bugünü [Woman’s yesterday and today in Turkey] (3rd Edition). Ankara: Türkiye İş Bankası Culture Publishing.
Durak, H. Y., & Seferoğlu, S. S. (2017). Öğretmenlerde tükenmişlik duygusunun çeşitli değişkenler açısından incelenmesi [Examination of teachers’ sense of burnout in terms of various variables]. Gazi Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi, 37(2), 759-788.
Farber, B. A. (1984). Stress and burnout in suburban teachers. The Journal of Educational Research, 77(6), 325-331. https://doi.org/10.1080/00220671.1984.10885550
Figueras, E. J. (2014). Constructing and contextualizing a multidimensional burnout profile of high school music teachers (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). Boston University, USA.
Freudenberger, H. J. (1974). Staff burn-out. Journal of Social Issues, 30(1), 159-165. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1540-4560.1974.tb00706.x
Friedman, I. A. (1993). Burnout in teachers: The concept and its unique core meaning. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 53(4), 1035-1044. https://doi.org/10.1177/0013164493053004016
George, D., & Mallery, P. (2019). IBM SPSS statistics 25 step by step: A simple guide and reference. New York: Routledge.
Girgin, G. (1995). İlkokul öğretmenlerinde meslekten tükenmişliğin gelişimini etkileyen değişkenlerin analizi ve bir model önerisi (İzmir ili kırsal ve kentsel yöre karşılaştırılması) [Analysis of variables affecting the development of professional burnout in primary school teachers and a model proposal (Comparison of rural and urban areas in İzmir province)] (Unpublished doctoral dissertation).Dokuz Eylül University, İzmir, Turkey.
Gordon, D. (2000). Sources of stress for the public school music teacher: Four case studies. Contributions to Music Education, 27(1), 27-40.
Gordon, D. G. (1997). An investigation and analysis of environmental stress factors experienced by K-12 music teachers (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). University of Northern Iowa, USA.
Haack, P., & Smith, M. V. (2000). Mentoring new music teachers. Music Educators Journal, 87(3), 23-27. https://doi.org/10.2307/3399659
Hamann, D. L., & Daugherty, E. (1985). Burnout assessment: The university music student. Update, 3(2), 3-8. https://doi.org/10.1177/875512338500300202
Hamann, D. L., Daugherty, E., & Mills, C. R. (1987). An investigation of burnout assessment and potential job related variables among public school music educators. Psychology of Music, 15(2), 128-140. https://doi.org/10.1177/0305735687152002
Hamann, D. L., Daugherty, E., & Sherbon, J. (1988). Burnout and the college music professor: An investigation of possible indicators of burnout among college music faculty members. Bulletin of the Council for Research in Music Education, 98, 1-21.
Hancock, C. B. (2008). Music teachers at risk for attrition and migration: An analysis of the 1999-2000 schools and staffing survey. Journal of Research in Music Education, 56(2), 130-144. https://doi.org/10.1177/0022429408321635
Hastings, R. P., & Bham, M. S. (2003). The relationship between student behaviour patterns and teacher burnout. School Psychology International, 24(1), 115-127. https://doi.org/10.1177/0143034303024001905
Hendry, K. L. (2001). Burnout and self-reported vocal health among music teachers and other educators (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). Columbia University, USA.
Hodge, G. M., Jupp, J. J., & Taylor, A. J. (1994). Work stress, distress and burnout in music and mathematics teachers. British Journal of Educational Psychology, 64(1), 65-76. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.2044-8279.1994.tb01085.x
İnce, N. B. (2014). Birleştirilmiş ve bağımsız sınıf öğretmenlerinin mesleki doyum ve tükenmişlik düzeylerinin karşılaştırılması [A comparison of combination classroom teachers' and single-grade teachers' job satisfaction and burnout levels] (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). Hacettepe University, Ankara, Turkey.
İnce, N. B., & Şahin, A. E. (2015). Maslach Tükenmişlik Envanteri-Eğitimci Formu’nu Türkçe’ye uyarlama çalışması [The adaptation study of Maslach Burnout Inventory-Educators Survey to Turkish]. Journal of Measurement and Evaluation in Education and Psychology, 6(2), 385-399. https://doi.org/10.21031/epod.97301
İnci, U., & Burak, S. (2017). Müzik öğretmenlerinin mesleki tükenmişlikleri (Antalya ili örneği) [Professional burnouts of music teachers (Antalya example)]. Journal of Research in Education and Teaching, 6(1), 453-463.
Karabulut, D. C. (2019). Müzik öğretmenlerinin mesleki doyumları ile mesleki tükenmişlik düzeylerinin belirlenmesi [An investigation into determining music teachers' job satisfaction and burnout levels] (Unpublished master’s thesis).Atatürk University, Erzurum, Turkey.
Karakuş, G. (2008). Özel ilköğretim ve ortaöğretim kurumlarında çalışan öğretmenlerin tükenmişlik düzeylerinin bazı değişkenlere göre incelenmesi [Investigation of teachers' burnout level in primary and secondary schools in respect of some variables] (Unpublished master’s thesis). Gazi University, Ankara, Turkey.
Karataş, H. (2009). Öğretmenlerin mesleki tükenmişlikleri ve çok boyutlu algılanan sosyal destekleri arasındaki ilişkinin incelenmesi [The relationship between occupational burnout and multidemensional perceived social support teachers] (Unpublished master’s thesis).Maltepe University, İstanbul, Turkey.
Kertz-Welzel, A. (2009). Philosophy of music education and the burnout syndrome: Female view points on a male school world. Philosophy of Music Education Review, 17(2), 144-161. https://doi.org/10.1353/pme.0.0030
Kılıç, D. B. Ç. (2018). The relationship between the burnout levels of music teachers and their personalities. International Education Studies, 11(2), 38-54. https://doi.org/10.5539/ies.v11n2p38
Koner, K., & Eros, J. (2019). Professional development for the experienced music educator: A review of recent literature. Update, 37(3), 12-19. https://doi.org/10.1177/8755123318812426
Korkmaz, Ö. (2004). Müzik öğretmenlerinin motivasyon kaynakları ve mesleki tükenmişlikleri [Motivation sources and professional burnout of music teachers] (Unpublished master’s thesis).Marmara University, İstanbul, Turkey.
Koruklu, N., Feyzioğlu, B., Özenoğlu-Kiremit, H., & Aladağ, E. (2012). Öğretmenlerin tükenmişlik düzeylerinin bazı değişkenlere göre incelenmesi [Teachers’ burnout levels in terms of some variables]. Educational Sciences: Theory & Practice, 12(3), 1813-1831.
Kyriacou, C. (1987). Teacher stress and burnout: An international review. Educational Research, 29, 146-152. https://doi.org/10.1080/0013188870290207
Lens, W., & Jesus, S. N. D. (1999). A psychosocial interpretation of teacher stress and