Asian Institute of Research, Journal Publication, Journal Academics, Education Journal, Asian Institute
Asian Institute of Research, Journal Publication, Journal Academics, Education Journal, Asian Institute

Education Quarterly Reviews

ISSN 2621-5799

asia institute of research, journal of education, education journal, education quarterly reviews, education publication, education call for papers
asia institute of research, journal of education, education journal, education quarterly reviews, education publication, education call for papers
asia institute of research, journal of education, education journal, education quarterly reviews, education publication, education call for papers
asia institute of research, journal of education, education journal, education quarterly reviews, education publication, education call for papers
crossref
doi
open access

Published: 18 February 2022

Nationalism in Secondary Schools: How Do Students Understand and Conceptualize It?

Barış Çiftçi, Ahmet Galip Yücel, Ahmet Durmaz

Nevsehir Haci Bektas Veli University, Turkey

asia institute of research, journal of education, education journal, education quarterly reviews, education publication, education call for papers
pdf download

Download Full-Text Pdf

doi

10.31014/aior.1993.05.01.428

Pages: 166-173

Keywords: Nationalism, Religion, Secondary School Students

Abstract

One of the aims of educational institutions in Turkey is to adopt an understanding of nationalism based on Atatürk's views by students. Atatürk's understanding of nationalism was founded on the unity of culture. It rejects racism. It emphasizes cultural unity rather than blood ties or religious unity. However, various forms of nationalism in Turkey can find supporters. For this reason, it is important to examine how secondary school students understand nationalism and with which concepts they explain it. Qualitative research method was used in this research, which aims to examine how students conceptualize and understand nationalism. Since it is important for the students to express themselves naturally, they were asked to write an essay on nationalism. Student writings were analyzed by content analysis. According to the results obtained within the scope of the study, the students mostly used the expressions "to love homeland and nation" and "to protect homeland and nation" when explaining the concept of nationalism. As the age and grade levels of the students increase, the number of concepts related to nationalism used by students increases. Nationalism is understood differently by male and female students. While female students emphasize the concepts of love and work, male students emphasize the concepts of protecting and independence. Considering the place where the students live, the meaning attributed to the concept of nationalism varies. While the students living in the city center used the concept of love more, the students living in the town focused on the concept of protecting. The most important finding obtained within the scope of the study is that the participants did not base their nationalism on blood ties or religious unity. Students did not use non-inclusive expressions while describing nationalism. For this reason, it was understood that the participants had thoughts compatible with Atatürk's understanding of nationalism.

References

  1. Albayrak, M. (2005). The long-term experience of humanity: The relationship between religion and nationalism. Süleyman Demirel University Social Sciences Institute Journal, (2), 83-113.

  2. Altunışık, R., Coşkun, R., Bayraktaroğlu, S. & Yıldırım, E. (2005). Research Methods in Social Sciences. Sakarya: Sakarya Publishing.

  3. Armaoğlu, F. (1999). 19th Century Political History. Ankara: TTK

  4. Milli Eğitim Bakanlığı (MEB). (1983). Kemalism. İstanbul: Milli Eğitim Basımevi

  5. Büyüköztürk, Ş., Kılıç Çakmak, E., Akgün, Ö.E., Karadeniz, Ş. ve Demirel, F. (2008). Scientific Research Methods. Ankara: Pegem.

  6. Eroğlu, H. (1992). Atatürk ve Nationalism. Ankara: Atatürk Araştırma Merkezi.

  7. Eroğlu, H. (1997). Atatürk's Life and Outstanding Personality. Ankara: Ministry of Culture, Prime Ministry Printing House.

  8. Feyzioğlu, T. (1988). National Sovereignty as One of the Fundamental Principles of the Turkish National Struggle and Kemalism. Ankara: TTK.

  9. Gökalp, Z. (1970). Fundamentals of Turkism. İstanbul: MEB.

  10. Huntington, S. P. (2004). Dead souls: The denationalization of the American elite. The National Interest, 75, 5-18.

  11. İnan, A. (1969). Marital Information and Handwritings of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk. Ankara: TTK

  12. Kafesoğlu, İ. (1970). Issues of Turkish Nationalism. İstanbul: Milli Eğitim Basımevi

  13. Karal, E. Z. (1981). Thoughts from Atatürk. İstanbul: MEB.

  14. Keskin, M. (1999). Atatürk's Understanding of Nation and Nationalism. Ankara: Atatürk Culture, Language and History High Institution, Atatürk Research Center.

  15. Miles, M. B. & Huberman, A. M. (1994). Qualitative data analysis: An expanded sourcebook. (Second Edition). California: SAGE Publications.

  16. Olcaytu, T. (1973). Our Revolution Our Principles. İstanbul: Okat.

  17. PEW Research Center (PEW). (2020). Spring 2019 Global Attitudes Survey. Reached from https://www.pewresearch.org/global/wp-content/uploads/sites/2/2020/07/PG_2020.07.20_ Global-Religion_TOPLINE.pdf 24.11.2021

  18. Rousseau, J. J. (2008). Social Contract. İstanbul: Say.

  19. Sami, Ş. (1978). Kamus-i Turki. İstanbul: Çağrı.

  20. Sarınay, Y. (2004). Historical Development of Turkish Nationalism and Turkish Hearths. İstanbul: Ötüken.

  21. Saygı, H., & Aslan, C. (2020). Nationalism and religious understanding of political parties in Turkey. Liberal Düşünce Dergisi, 25(99), 79-104. https://doi.org/10.36484/liberal.776692

  22. Tavşancıl, E. ve Aslan, E. (2001). Content Analysis and Application Examples for Verbal, Written and Other Materials. İstanbul: Epsilon.

  23. Yıldırım, A., Şimşek, H., (2000). Qualitative research methods in the social sciences. Ankara: Seçkin.