Education Quarterly Reviews
Published: 21 June 2021
Participatory Practice “Teach Less, Learn More”: A Case of Srikranuanwittayakom School
Surachet Rooptam, Wirot Sanrattana
Mahamakut Buddhist University, Thailand
Download Full-Text Pdf
Keywords: Teach Less, Learn More, Participation, Action Research
This research aimed to improve the quality of students in Srikranuanwittayakom School using the concept of Teach Less, Learn More. The method used in this study was Participatory Action Research, and there were twenty teachers voluntarily participating. The study had been done in two semesters of the academic year 2020. The three expectations from the development outcomes were: (1) the improvement under the identified indicators: a) teacher performance, b) organizing teaching activities and c) the students characteristic, (2) the researcher, the research participants, and the entire teaching staff learned from practice, and (3) the body of knowledge, which had been obtained from the practice as a foundation theory in this school context. The results of the study revealed three key features. Firstly, the average means of teacher performance, organization of teaching activities, and student characteristics after the 1st and after the 2nd cycles were higher than before the operation. Secondly, after adopting a participatory approach, researchers, co-researchers, and the entire teaching staff learned the importance and benefits of team collaboration. Lastly, the knowledge gained from the practice of this research consists of the ideas and strategies of the following concepts: 1) Expected change, 2) Driving factors for change, 3) Resistance to change and 4) Overcoming resistance drive change. The details of each issue can be used as a model for the students' quality development according to the concept of Teach Less, Learn More continuously. Moreover, the concept can be applied to other new conceptual developments.
Aka, S. (2015, October 31). Reduce the time to study, increase the time to know. Reduce Study Time and Change to Meet Your Wishes. https://www.facebook.com/kruvarunee/posts/1579753345580605/
Angkhanaphatkhachorn, V. (2012). Applying the concept of Teach Less, Learn More (TLLM) to learning management in mathematics class. Journal of Education, 23(1), 1-11. http://dspace.lib.buu.ac.th/xmlui/handle/1234567890/2505
Arhar, J.M., Holly, M.L., & Kasten, W.C. (2001). Action research for teachers. Merrill Prentice Hall.
Buachan, N. (2014). Teach Less Learn More: TLLM. https://nuttaphonbua.wordpress.com
Carr, W. & Kemmis, S. (1992). Becoming critical: Education, knowledge, and action research (3rd ed.). Falmer Press.
Chalarak, N. (2015). The role of teachers and teaching and learning in the 21st century. Academic Journal, Far Eastern University, 9(1), 21-32. https://so01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/FEU/article/view/39037
Chantasuriyawong, W. (1985). Some observations on the development of cooperative technology. Social Development Journal, (6), 49-57.
Chanthago, J., Phrakrudhammapissamai & Jantaragaroon, C. (2020). Development of a learning school in Wat Srichan School, Khon Kaen Province. International Journal of Higher Education, 9(1), 11-21. https://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/EJ1234060.pdf
Coghlan, D.& Brannick, T. (2007).Doing action research in your own organization (2nd ed.). Sage.
Creswell, J.W. (2008). Educational research: Planning, conducting, and evaluating quantitative and qualitative research (3rd ed.). Merrill Prentice Hall.
Haranaka, L. (2018, October 15). 21st century skills for teachers. Richmond Share Blog. https://www.richmondshare.com.br/21st-century-skills-for-teachers/
Hongkhuntod, A. (2015, August 8). Technological Pedagogical Knowledge: TPK. Conceptual Teaching Techniques. https://pitcforteach.blogspot.com/2015/08/tpack-model-4.html
Hongkhuntot, A. (2016, June 10). Concept of teaching and learning TPACK Model. Conceptual Teaching Techniques. https://pitcforteach.blogspot.com/2016/06/tpack-model-5.html
James, C. (1964). Change is not an event, it's a process. Cheryl James Quotes. https://www.brainyquote.com/quotes/cheryl_james_421502
James, E.A., Milenkiewicz, M.T., & Bucknam, A. (2008). Participatory action research for educational leadership: Using data-driven decision making to improve schools. Sage.
Jones, G. (2013, April 15). Characteristics of a 21st century learner. 21st Century Learner. https://learner21stcentury.wordpress.com/characteristics-of-a-21st-century-learner/
Kaewthep, K. (1989). Community cultural development work: What it is and how to do it. Sangpattana Journal,(1-2), 14-35.
Kagan, S. (n.d.). Teach Less, Learn More. Kagan’s Articles. https://www.kaganonline.com/free_articles/dr_spencer_kagan/294/Teach-Less-Learn-More
Kemmis, S., & McTaggart, R. (1992). The Action research planner (3rd ed.). Deakin University.
Lunenburg, F. C. & Ornstein,A. C. (2000). Educational administration: Concepts and practices. (3rd ed.). Wadsworth Thomson Learning.
Mattson, D. (2017, August 9). 6 Benefits of teamwork in the workplace. Sandler Training. https://www.sandler.com/blog/6-benefits-of-teamwork-in-the-workplace/
McTaggart, R. (1991). Principles for participatory action research. Adult Education Quarterly, 41(3), 168–187.
McTaggart, R. (2010). Participatory action research or change and development. James Cook University.
Meeraka, P. (2017). Teach Less, Learn More (TLLM). MBU Education Journal: Faculty of Education, Mahamakut Buddhist University. 5(2), 10-21. http://ojs.mbu.ac.th/index.php/edj/issue/view/12
Mills, G. E. (2007). Action research: A guide for the teacher researcher (3nd ed.). Merrill Prentice Hal
Office of the Education Council Secretariat. (2017). Education reform for the future of Thailand is stable, prosperous and sustainable. 21 Century Co., Ltd.
Panich, V. (2012). Way to create learning for students in the 21st century. Sodsri-Saritwong Foundation. The 1st Kamphaeng Phet Rajabhat University National Conference 399.
Planning Department, Srikranuanwittayakom School. (2018). School Self-Assessment Report, Academic Year 2018. Srikranuanwittayakom School.
Prasertsan, S. (2015).Inscriptions on the path of wisdom breeding teacher. Namsilp Advertising Company Limited. https://xn--e3c1aia.net/home/wp-content/uploads/2018/12/E-book
Predikul, A. (2015). Development of a teaching model for listening-speaking skills in English according to the principles of language teaching for communication and brain-based learning to strengthen the Communication skills of Rajabhat University students. Dissertation, Naresuan University.
Pinitphuwadol, K., Niamhom, K., & Rachapongsa, P. (2016). Sustainable Development. Office of the ASEAN Community Center of the Secretariat of the House of Representatives. https://www.parliament.go.th/ewtadmin/ewt/parliament_parcy/download/article/article_20170626115405.pdf
Rodchuen, M. (n.d.). Teach Less, Learn More (TLLM): Using problems as a learning base. http://apr.nsru.ac.th/Act_learn/myfile/10062014104139_3.pdf
Sanrattana, W. (2012). Concepts, theories and issues for educational administration. Tipwisuth
Sanrattana, W. (2013). A new paradigm in education: A Case of perspectives on 21st century education. Tipwisuth.
Sanrattana, W. (2018). Educational administration research: Concepts and practices (4th digital ed.). Thipvisut
Sergiovanni, T.J. (1999). The principalship: A Reflective practice perspective. (4th ed.). Boston: Allyn & Bacon.
Sukcharoen, C. (2013, September 9). Teach Less, Learn More (TLLM). Knowledge Boromarajonani Chon Buri. http://126.96.36.199/knowledge/?p=159
Suphakitcho, S., Sanrattana, W., & Namsiri, S. (2018). The Development of appropriate digital classroom at Chandawittyakhom General Buddhist Scripture School. Journal of Education Naresuan University. 20(2), 112-125. https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/edujournal_nu/article/view/58254
Teo, J. E., Deng, Z., Lee, C. K., & Lim-Ratnam, C. (2013). Teach Less, Learn More: Lost in translation. In Deng, Z., Gopinathan, S., & Lee, C. K. E. (Eds.), Globalization and the Singapore Curriculum: From Policy to Classroom (pp. 99-117). Singapore: Springer.
Thacha, W., Phrakrusuteejariyawat, & Pongpinyo, R. (2018). E-Learning development for professional learning community in Mahamakut Buddhist University, Isan Campus. Journal of Education Naresuan University. 20(1), 139-150. https://so06.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/edujournal_nu/article/view/58249
Thongroj, P. (n.d.). Council of Higher Education Institutions and the Development of Higher Education. http://www.mua.go.th/users/bhes/catalog_h/StdEdu/FormCurr/PavitSpeak.pdf
Turner, K., Petkong, C., Haohan, J., & Mamak N. (2017). Increased reduction of study time: Concepts and applications in nursing education. Journal of Nursing, Ministry of Public Health. 26(3), 13-26. https://he02.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/tnaph/article/view/74384
Vikas The Concept School. (2020, October 1). The Importance of innovation in education. Shaping the Leaders of Tomorrow. https://vikasconcept.com/the-importance-of-innovation-in-education/
Waichompoo, N. & Jarachit, S. (2012). Nurse teacher challenge: Teach less, learn more of the 21st century. Princess of Naradhiwas University Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences, 3(2), 73-81. https://so05.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/pnuhuso/article/view/61723/50847
Words of Wisdom website. (n.d.). 29 Actions speak louder than words quotes. Inspirational Words of Wisdom. https://www.wow4u.com/actions-speak-louder/