Education Quarterly Reviews
Published: 15 December 2022
Pre-service Teachers' Views on the Process of Designing Activities through Cartoons
Kahramanmaraş Sütçü Imam University, Turkey
Download Full-Text Pdf
Keywords: Pre-service science teachers, Cartoons, Preparing an Activity, View
Cartoons are an effective alternative to create a rich learning environment that is visually and audibly equipped for students in an effective science education. It is of upmost significant for science teachers to possess the necessary knowledge, activity experience and equipment in order to carry out a qualified science teaching. Therefore, the pre-service science teachers, who will be trained in the specified direction, should hold a certain level of knowledge, skills and experience in preparing and implementing activities. In this regard, this study aims at revealing the pre-service science teachers’ views on the process of designing activities through using cartoons. The study was carried out with 14 fourth grade pre-service science teachers studying at a state university in Turkey. The cartoon that the pre-service teachers were requested to use to design in-class activities during the implementation was determined as "Ege and Gaga" on the "TRT Child" channel. That this cartoon is related to education and science and includes science subjects has been effective in its selection. This study employed a case study design, one of the qualitative research methods, and the data were collected through a semi-structured interview form. Content analysis was used during data analysis. The results suggested that no pre-service teachers had encountered an activity prepared through using cartoons before. The participants also had positive views on the activity design process such as effective, interesting, enjoyable, concretizing knowledge and alternative technique. These activities, which are appropriate for the teaching and traditional classroom environments, are expected to enable students to access knowledge more easily with pleasure, and thus contributing to learning.
Aşçı, E. (2006). The determination of the effects of cartoon characters on tv on consumer behavior of children living in different settlement areas(Unpublished master’s thesis). Ankara University.
Awadh, A. I., Hassali, M. A., Al-Lela, O. Q., Bux, S. H., Elkalmi, R. M., & Hadi, H. (2014). Does an educational intervention improve parents’ knowledge about immunization? Experience from malaysia. BMC Pediatrics, 14, 1-7. http://dx.doi:10.1186/1471-2431-14-255
Aytan N, & Tunçel H (2015). Cartoon use for teaching Turkish to foreigners. International Journal of Languages’ Education and Teaching, 3(2), 235-246. http://dx.doi.org/10.18298/ijlet.180
Aytekin, M. & Oğuzcan, D. (2020). Analysis of games and toys in animation films in Turkish culture according to the context of the cultural reproduction: Rafadan Tayfa Dehliz Macerası. Journal of History School, 48, 3418- 3449. http://dx.doi.org/10.29228/Joh.44222
Ayvacı H. Ş., Abdüsselam Z. ve Abdüsselam M. S (2012), The effect of animation-assisted cartoons in science teaching: 6th grade force topic example. Journal of Research in Education and Teaching, 1(4). http://www.jret.org/FileUpload/ks281142/File/21a.ayvaci.pdf
Banchonhattakit, P., Duangsong, R., Muangsom, N., Kamsong, T., & Phangwan, K. (2015). Effectiveness of brain-based learning and animated cartoons for enhancing healthy habits among school children in Khon Kaen, Thailand. Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health, 27(2), 2028-2039. http://dx.doi:10.1177/1010539512466425
Barai, B. (2018). A study on effectiveness of learning physical science through activity-based methods at secondary level in Alipurduar district of West Bengal. International Journal of Creative Research Thoughts (IJCRT), 6(1), 289-294. https://doi.org/10.1729/IJCRT.17295
Barak, M., Ashkar, T., & Dori, Y. J. (2011). Learning science via animated movies: Its effect on students’ thinking and motivation. Computers & Education, 56(3), 839-846.
Batdı, V. (2014). The effect of activity-based learning approach on academic achievement (a meta-analytic and thematic study). E-International Journal of Educational Research, 5(3), 39-55. http://dx.doi.org/10.19160/e-ijer.12976
Bayındır, N. (2015). Opinions of classroom teachers about educational cartoons. International Journal of Social Science, 41, 109-117. http://dx.doi.org/10.9761/JASS3178
Berber, A., Anılan, B., Odabaş, İ. N., & Alkan, D. (2019). The preservice science teachers’ views of on the use of the cartoon in education. Eskişehir Osmangazi University Journal of Social Sciences, 20, 465-492. https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/ogusbd/article/548529
Bieri, F. A., Yuan, L. P., Li, Y. S., He, Y. K., Bedford, A., Li, R. S., ... & Raso, G. (2013). Development of an educational cartoon to prevent worm infections in Chinese schoolchildren. Infect Dis Poverty, 2(1), 29-38. http://www.idpjournal.com/content/2/1/29
Borzekowski, D. L. (2018). A quasi-experiment examining the impact of educational cartoons on Tanzanian children. Journal of applied developmental psychology, 54, 53-59. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.appdev.2017.11.007
Bozkurt, A., & Kuran, K. (2016). Teachers’ opinions about implementing activities in mathematics textbooks and designing their own mathematics activities. Ege Journal of Education, 17(2), 377-398.
Büyükbayraktar Ersoy, F. N. & Dilber, R. (2016). The opinions of technical and vocational high school students and teachers about learning environment which are formed by active learning method. Journal of National Education, 45(212), 45-59. https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/milliegitim/issue/36138/405985
Chan, C. K. (2015). Use of animation in engaging teachers and students in assessment in Hong Kong higher education. Innovations in Education and Teaching International, 52(5), 474-484.
Çelik, S.Ö. (2015). The effect of the subject si̇mple machi̇nes in the grade wi̇th fi̇lms and cartoons on teacher's manner and academi̇c success [Unpublished master’s thesis]. Erzincan University.
Dalacosta, K., Kamariotaki-Paparrigopoulou, M., Palyvos, J. A., & Spyrellis, N. (2009). Multimedia application with animated cartoons for teaching science in elementary education. Computers & Education, 52(4), 741-748. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compedu.2008.11.018
Ekinci, M. (2017). The effects of subtitled animation movies on the listening skills of EFL students [Unpublished master’s thesis] Çukurova University.
Gökçe, E. (2002). Views of elementary school students with regard to teachers’ efficiency. Ankara University, Journal of Faculty of Educational Sciences, 35(1-2), 111-119.
Güler, D. A. (1989). Çocuk, televizyon ve çizgi film [Child, television and cartoons]. Kurgu Anadolu University Faculty of Communication Sciences Journal, (5), 163-177. https://dergipark.org.tr/en/download/article-file/1504030
Hussain, S., Anwar, S., & Majoka, M. I. (2011). Effect of peer group activity-based learning on students’ academic achievement in physics at secondary level. International Journal of Academic Research, 3(1), 940-944. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/234077357
Indradat, S., Jirapongsananuruk, O., & Visitsunthorn, N. (2014). Evaluation of animated cartoon-aided teaching of intranasal corticosteroid administration technique among Thai children with allergic rhinitis. Asian Pacific Journal of Allergy and Immunology, 32(2), 166-170. https://doi.org/10.12932/ap03188.8.131.523
Kaba, F. (1992). Animasyonun eğitim amaçlı kullanımı [Educational Use of Animation] [Unpublished master’s thesis]. Anadolu University.
Kanellidou, M., & Zacharia, Z. (2019). Visualizations in primary education. Effects on the conceptual understandıng of basıc astronomy concepts for chıldren up to ten years old. In EDULEARN 19 Proceedings, (3080-3084). https://dialnet.unirioja.es/servlet/articulo?codigo=7461895
Kendaloğlu, E. (2021). Investigation of the effects of stem activity development process on entrepreneurship and stem self-efficacy of pre-service science teachers [Unpublished master’s thesis]. Uludağ University.
Koçak, O. & Göktaş, Y. (2021) A comparative analysis of preschool children’s views on activities conducted with educational cartoons and traditional methods. International Research in Early Childhood Education, 11(3), 1-21. http://dx.doi.org/10.26180/15023004.v1
Koohang, A., Riley, L., Smith, T., & Schreurs, J. (2009). E-learning and constructivism: From theory to application. Interdisciplinary Journal of E-Learning and Learning Objects, 5(1), 91-109.
Kyriazis, A., Psycharis, S., & Korres, K. (2009). Discovery learning and the computational experiment in higher mathematics and science education: A combined approach. International Journal of Emerging Technologies in Learning (iJET), 4(4), 25-34. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/200523620
Lakshmi, E., & Hee, S. (2005). Activity-based teaching for effective learning. In ITE Teachers' Conference, 1-10. https://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/EJ1216784.pdf
McMillan, J. H., & Schumacher, S. (2006). Research in education: Evidence based inquiry. Boston: Pearson Publ.
Merriam, S. B. (1998). Qualitative research and case study applications in education. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass Publishers.
Ministry of National Education [MoNE]. (2005) Science teaching program (6, 7 and 8). Ankara.
Okoro, C. U. (2019). Activity-based learning strategies and academic achievement of social studies students in Obio/Akporlocal government area. International Journal of Education and Evaluation, 5(1), 19-24. https://www.iiardjournals.org/get/IJEE/VOL.%205%20NO.%201%202019/ACTIVITY-BASED%20LEARNING.pdf
Okumuş, S. (2021). Improving student-centered activity design skills of pre-service science teachers: Action research. Journal of National Education, 50(229), 93-127. https://dergipark.org.tr/en/download/article-file/905318
Özeskici, D. (2014). Instructor and student opinions on the importance of cartoon films in visual arts course [Unpublished master’s thesis]. Niğde University.
Özgen, K., & Alkan, H. (2014). The effects of learning activities according to students’ learning styles on students’ academic success and attitude: The sampling of function and derivative conception. Turkish Journal of Computer and Mathematics Education, 5(1), 1–38. https://doi.org/10.16949/turcomat.35299
Patton, M. Q. (2002). Qualitative research & evaluation methods. (3rd ed.). Thousand Oaks, California: Sage Publ.
Sancak, Y. (2018). Opinions of teachers of religious culture and ethics about the role of cartoons in religious education: The case of Sivas and Kars [Unpublished master’s thesis]. Tokat Gaziosmanpaşa University.
Shah, I., & Rahat, T. (2014). Effect of activity-based teaching method in science. International Journal of Humanities and Management Sciences, 2(1), 2320-4044.
Sohn, J., Kil, J., Se, K., & Yeau, S. (2013). Effects of biological resources animation learning program for elementary school students in education for sustainable development. Biology Education, 41(1), 49-60. DOI:10.15717/bioedu.2013.41.1.49
Sullivan, P., Clarke, D., & Clarke, B. (2009). Converting mathematics tasks to learning opportunities: An important aspect of knowledge for mathematics teaching. Mathematics Education Research Journal, 21(1), 85-105. https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/BF03217539
Teymuroğlu, B. & Oruç, Ş. (2016). The affect of using cartoons at social sciences teaching to the academic success of students. International Journal of Field Education, 2(2), 92-106.
Turkish Radio and Television Corporation Child. (2022). In Turkish Radio Television Children’s channel.
Üçüncü, G., Sakız, G., & Ada, S. (2016). A task development process: The case of fourth grade introduction to matter unit [Special issue for INTE 2016]. The Turkish Online Journal of Educational Technology, November, 155-164.
Vitasmoro, P., Chandra, A., I., & Jatmiko, J., (2020). Improving student’s english vocabulary mastery through animation cartoon. Advances in Social Science, Education and Humanities Research, 383, 505-509. https://doi.org/10.2991/icss-19.2019.32
Waldrip, B., Prain, V., &Carolan, J. (2010). Using multi-modal representations to improve learning in junior secondary science. Research in Science Education, 40(1), 65-80. Doi: 10.1007/s11165-009-9157-6
Yener, Y., Yılmaz, M. & Şen, M. (2021). Value education in cartoons: TRT Çocuk channel example. International Journal of Social Sciences and Education Research, 7(2), 114-128.
Yıldırım, A. & Şimşek, H. (2008). Sosyal Bilimlerde Nitel Araştırma Yöntemleri [Qualitative Research Methods in Social Sciences]. (6th Edition). Ankara: Seçkin Publ.
Yurt, Ö., & Ömeroğlu, E. (2013). Turkish adaptation of the science learning assesment test for 60-72 months children: A reliability and validity study. International Journal of Family, Child and Education, 1(2), 19-35.