Asian Institute of Research, Journal Publication, Journal Academics, Education Journal, Asian Institute
Asian Institute of Research, Journal Publication, Journal Academics, Education Journal, Asian Institute

Education Quarterly Reviews

ISSN 2621-5799

asia institute of research, journal of education, education journal, education quarterly reviews, education publication, education call for papers
asia institute of research, journal of education, education journal, education quarterly reviews, education publication, education call for papers
asia institute of research, journal of education, education journal, education quarterly reviews, education publication, education call for papers
asia institute of research, journal of education, education journal, education quarterly reviews, education publication, education call for papers
crossref
doi
open access

Published: 26 October 2021

Preschool Teachers' Views on Guidance and Psychological Counseling Services in Early Childhood Education

Mehmet Saglam, Ipek Ozbay Karlıdag, Rabia Betul Korkmaz

Yozgat Bozok University (Turkey), Republic of Turkey Ministry of Education (Turkey)

asia institute of research, journal of education, education journal, education quarterly reviews, education publication, education call for papers
pdf download

Download Full-Text Pdf

doi

10.31014/aior.1993.04.04.377

Pages: 124-132

Keywords: Preschool Education, Guidance Services, Psychological Counselor and Guidance Teacher

Abstract

This study aims to examine the opinions of preschool teachers on guidance and psychological counseling services. The method of the study is qualitative research design. The research data were collected via the interviews with the preschool teachers. The study group of the research consists of 24 preschool teachers working in Yozgat city in Turkey. Content analysis was made use of while forming the finding part. The results of the study display that the preschool teachers perceive guidance and psychological counseling services as "guiding," "informing," “assistance” and "cooperation" services. Also, parents and teachers also need the guidance teacher mostly in situations related to behavioral problems, special needs students, adaptation problems, and family-related problems. It was observed that preschool teachers perceived that guidance and psychological counseling services should be in preschool education institutions but that the guidance services they received were not sufficient.

References

  1. Akgün, E. (2010). The evaluation of school guidance services from the perspective of preschool teachers. Elementary Online, 9(2), 474-482.

  2. Aliyev, R., Erguner-Tekinalp, B., Ulker, R., & Shine-Edizer, F. (2012). The perceptions of school counselors and principals towards new psychological counseling and guidance services in early childhood education in Turkey. Educational Sciences: Theory and Practice, 12(4), 3083-3098.

  3. Altınkaynak, Ş. Ö., & Yanıklar, C. (2014). The expectations of parents from preschool education regarding their children’s development. Mehmet Akif Ersoy University Journal of Education Faculty, 1(30), 56-72.

  4. Baş U., A. (2019). Types of services in counseling. B. Aydın (Ed.). Counseling (8. Baskı, pp. 82-113). Pegem Akademi.

  5. Bilgin, H. (2017). Development of a preschool teacher's guidance qualifications scale and its psychometric properties. Journal of Education and Training Studies, 5(9), 83-93.

  6. Budak Ü., A.M., (2016). Guidance and psychological counseling in preschool: a perspective on developmental processes and attachment theory. H. Uşaklı (Ed). Lifelong Comprehensive Guidance and Psychological Counseling. (1.Press, pp.123-141). Pegem Akademi.

  7. Denzin, N.K. & Lincoln, Y. (2017). The Sage handbook of qualitative research. Sage.

  8. Dilekmen, M. (2014). The main types of guidance.G. Can (Ed.), Psychological advice and guidance (15. press.) (pp 31-52). Ankara: Pegem Akademi.

  9. Dye, J. (1984). Early Education Matters. Educational Research,26,2:95-105.

  10. Gencoglu, C., Demirtas-Zorbaz, S., Demircioglu, H., & Ekin, S. (2019). Psychological counseling and guidance services in early childhood education. Educational Policy Analysis and Strategic Research, 14(1), 6-23.

  11. Gordon, I. J. (1957). The role of the teacher in the guidance program. The School Counselor, 4(3), 43-53.

  12. Güler, M., & Çapri, B. (2019). Teachers' Opinions on the Pre-School Counselling Program. Pegem Journal of Education and Instruction, 9(3), 521-546

  13. Güven, M. (2009). Opinions of Ministry of National Education inspectors on school guidance services and supervision. Journal of International Social Research, 2(9). 171-179.

  14. Hatunoğlu, A., & Hatunoğlu, Y. (2006). Problem areas of guidance services given in schools. Journal of Kastamonu Education, 14(1), 333-338.

  15. Hoffman, L. R. (1991). Developmental counseling for prekindergarten children: A preventive approach. Elementary School Guidance & Counseling, 26 (1), 56-66

  16. Ilgar, L. (2010). Service areas in guidance: Guidance for teachers and teacher candidates. Ankara: Pegem Akademi Editors: Esra İşmen Gazioğlu, Şengül Mertol Ilgar

  17. Kanak, M., Ersoy, M., & Yerliyurt, N. S. (2018). Evaluation of the necessity of pre-school counseling services in line with the opinions of counselors, Ekev Akademi Dergisi,, 0(76),187-208.

  18. Kepçeoğlu, M. (2010). Psychological advice and guidance. İstanbul: Alkım Yayınları.

  19. Kılıçoğlu, E. A., (2013). Determining the educational needs of preschool teachers in the realization of effective guidance practices. Unpublished doctoral thesis, Selcuk University, Konya.

  20. Konca, A. S. (2020) Examination of parents' views on pre-school education. Ahi Evran University Journal of Social Sciences Institute, 6(3), 892-902.

  21. Kottler, J. A., & Kottler, E. (2007). Counseling skills for teachers. Corwin Press.

  22. Kuzgun, Y. (1992). Psychological advice and guidance. Ankara, OSYM Press.

  23. Lamy, C. E. (2013). How preschool fights poverty. Educational Leadership, 70(8), 32-36.

  24. Lee, V. E., & Burkam, D. T. (2002). Inequality at the starting gate: Social background differences in achievement as children begin school. Washington, DC: Economic Policy Institute.

  25. Ministry of National Education (2017). Guidance Services Regulation. Access address: https://www.resmigazete.gov.tr/eskiler/2017/11/20171110-2.htm

  26. Myrick, R. D. (1997), Developmental guidance and counseling: Apractical approach, Third edition, Minneapolis: Educational Media Corporation.

  27. Oktay, A. (2004). Magic years of life: Preschool period. İstanbul: Epsilon press

  28. Özabacı, N. (2010). Types of services in guidance: guidance for teachers and teacher candidates. Ankara: Pegem Akademi Editors: Esra İşmen Gazioğlu, Şengül Mertol Ilgar

  29. Özdemir, M. (2010). Qualitative Data Analysis: A Study on the Methodological Problem in Social Sciences. Eskişehir Osmangazi University Journal of Social Sciences, 11(1): 323-343.

  30. Özgüven, İ. E. (2001). Psychological counseling and guidance in contemporary education. Ankara: PEGEM press.

  31. Öztabak, M. Ü. (2018). Examination of the Perceptions on the View of Preschool Teachers about School Counselor. Journal of Education and Training Studies, 6(6), 13-24.

  32. Patton, M. (2015). Qualitative research and evaluation methods (4th ed.). Sage.

  33. Siyez, M.D., (2019). Planning, monitoring and evaluation of annual counseling activities. B. Aydın (Editör). Counseling. (8. Press, ss.279-327). Pegem Akademi.

  34. Tan, H. (1992). Counseling and guidance: Theory and practice. İstanbul: Alkım press.

  35. Taylı, A. (2016). Main types of services in psychological counseling and guidance. Güven, M. (Ed.), Psychological advice and guidance (8. press.) Ankara: Anı Press.

  36. Tekin, G. “Counseling and Guidance Services in Early Childhood Education: The Case of Public Preschools in Malatya, Turkey.” US-China Education Review. 10(2012), 875-880. From: https://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED537999.pdf

  37. Terzi, Ş., Tekinalp, B. E., & Leuwerke, W. (2011). Evaluation of the comprehensive psychological counseling and guidance program developed based on the school psychological counseling and guidance services model by psychological counselors. Pegem Education and Training Journal, 1(1), 51-60.

  38. Türkeç Aktaş, Y. (2012). Competence levels of preschool teachers. Unpublished Master's thesis, Adnan Menderes University, Social Sciences Institute.

  39. Yavuzer, Haluk. (1996). Child psychology. İstanbul: Remzi Press.

  40. Yavuzer, H. (2001). Child education handbook.Remzi Yayınevi, Ankara.

  41. Yerlikaya, İ., Sak, R., & Şahin Sak, İ. T. (2014). Psychological counseling and guidance services in pre-school education: opinions of pre-school teacher candidates and psychological counselor candidates. Uşak University Journal of Social Sciences, 7(2), 286-299.

  42. Yeşilyaprak, B. (2003). Guidance Services in Education. Ankara: Nobel Press.

  43. Yeşilyaprak, B. (2015). Guidance services in education in the 21st century: Developmental approach (24. press) Ankara: Nobel Press

  44. Yıldırım, A. & Şimşek, H., (2013). Qualitative Research Methods in the Social Sciences (9th Edition). Seçkin Press.

  45. Yüksel Y., M. (2019). Special education and guidance. B. Aydın (Editor). Rehberlik (8. Press, pp.254-278). Pegem Academy Press.