Education Quarterly Reviews
Published: 15 December 2022
Reading Strategies Used by Turkish Teacher Candidates in the Reading Process
Istanbul Aydın University, Turkey
Download Full-Text Pdf
Keywords: Reading, Reading Strategies, Reading Behaviors, Teacher Candidates, Book, Text
This study aimed to reveal which physical strategies (behaviors) Turkish teacher candidates prefer when reading a printed or electronic book/text, what kind of operations they perform related to the text and the reasons for these interventions. Hence, the opinions of 150 teacher candidates in the Turkish Language Teaching program of Istanbul Aydın University Faculty of Education in the spring semester of the 2021-2022 academic year were obtained through a semi-structured form developed by the researcher. Their opinions were analyzed with content analysis. The research was according to the phenomenology pattern. The behaviors of teacher candidates were personal reading strategies. They were classified and graded under various categories. The strategy for teacher candidates who prefer to read printed publications mostly is to make underlines. Then, strategies such as bookmark use and marking were more frequent. In the study, where sex and grade variables did not make a significant difference, some eccentric reading strategies (using a ruler while reading, taking a page/screen photo, using emoji, spraying perfume on the book, etc.) were also present. Finally, the study made various recommendations.
Akbabaoğlu, M. & Duban, N. (2020). Attitudes of prospective primary school teachers toward metacognitive reading strategies, reading motivations and reading habits. International Journal of Turkish Literature Culture Education, 9 (4), 1720-1740.
Aktaş, E. & Bayram, B. (2018). A review on the use of reading comprehension strategies in Turkish teaching. Journal of Atatürk University Institute of Social Sciences, 22 (3),1401-1414.
Akyol, H. (2013). Turkish teaching methods suitable for the program. 6. Edition. Pegem Publishing
Anderson, N. J. (1991). Individual differences in strategy use in second language reading and testing. The Modern Language Journal, (4), 460.
Arı, R. (2008). Educational psychology-development and learning. (4th ed.). Nobel Publishing Distribution.
Baykan, Z., Naçar, M. & Mazıcıoğlu, M. (2007). The effect of learning strategies on student success. Erciyes Journal of Medicine, 29 (3), 220-227.
Beydogan, H. Ö. & Tasdemir, A. (2007, September 5-7). Examination of the reading-comprehension skills of the students of the faculty of education in terms of some variables. [Paper presentation]. 16. National Educational Sciences Congress, Tokat.
Berelson, B. (2000). Content analysis in communication research. Media studies: A reader, 200-209.
Çetin, S. A. (2021). 8. Evaluation of reading behaviors of classroom students in digital environments. Journal of World of Turks/Zeitschrift für die Welt der Türken, 13 (3).
Çöğmen, S. (2008). Reading comprehension strategies used by faculty of education students [Unpublished M. Appl. Psy. thesis]. Adnan Menderes University.
Dağtaş, A. (2013). Teachers' preferences for reading from printed page and screen and their opinions on the use of electronic text in education. Turkish Studies, 8 (3), pp.137-161.
Demirel, Ö. (1999). Turkish education. Pegem Publishing.
Demirbaş, B. (2018). The effect of content-based teaching-based reading strategies education on students' use of reading strategies and students' views on education [Unpublished M. Appl. Psy. thesis]. Kocaeli University.
Durkan, E. & Özen, F. (2018). Evaluation of the applications of primary school fourth grade classroom teachers that enable students to use metacognitive reading strategies in Turkish lessons: The example of Giresun province. Turkish Studies, 13 (4), 519-550.
Emiroğlu, S. (2020). A contextual contribution to reading education: the use of reading in different meanings in Turkish. RumeliDE Journal of Language and Literature Research, (21), 1-22.
Erdem, A. R. (2005). Effective ways of learning: learning strategies and teaching. Primary Education Online, 4 (1), 1-6.
Güneş, F. (2016). From paper to screen developments in the field of reading. Bartın University Journal of Faculty of Education, 5 (1), 1-18.
Karatay, H. (2009). Reading strategies cognitive awareness scale. Abant İzzet Baysal University Journal of the Institute of Social Sciences, 2 (19), 59-80.
Karatay, H. (2014). Reading education. Pegem Publishing.
Keskin, H. K. & Çetinkaya, F. Ç. (2017). Format preference in reading course materials: Digital or paper? Literacy Education Research, 5 (2), 75-87.
L'Allier, S. K. & Elish‐Piper, L. (2007). "Walking the walk" with teacher education candidates: Strategies for promoting active engagement with assigned readings. Journal of Adolescent & Adult Literature, 50 (5), 338-353.
Maden, S. (2012). Screen reading types and opinions of prospective teacher of turkish language toward screen reading. Journal of Language and Literature Education, 1(3).
Mangen, A., Walgermo, B. R. & Brønnick, K. (2013). Reading linear texts on paper versus computer screen: Effects on reading comprehension. International journal of educational research, 58, 61-68.
Mazzoleni, A. K. (2012). Digital and paper-based: the complex literacies of composition students and instructors. [Unpublished M. Appl. Psy. thesis]. University of Miami.
Ministry of National Education (MoNE). (2017). Teachers' digital reading culture. MoNE Publishing.
Ministry of National Education (MoNE). (2018). Students' digital reading culture. MoNE Publishing.
Merriam, B. S. (2018). Qualitative research: a guide to pattern and practice. Nobel Publishing.
Mokhtari, K. & Reichard, C.A. (2002). Evaluating students’ metacognitive awareness of reading strategies. Journal of Educational Psychology, 94 (2), 249-259.
Odabaş, H. (2018, December 6-9). Reading behaviors of university students on smartphones in Turkey. [Paper presentation]. International Human Studies Congress, Ankara.
Oxford, R. L. (2003). Language learning styles and strategies: an overview. Learning Styles & Strategies, 1-25.
Razı, S. (2007). Teaching and evaluating reading skills. Criterion Publications.
Supancic, S. A. (1995). A descriptive study of the use of reading strategies in illinois vocational classrooms. [Unpublished M. Appl. Psy. thesis]. Southern Illinois University.
Tavşancıl, E. & Aslan, E. (2001). Content analysis and application examples. Epsilon Publications.
Yaman, H. & Dağtaş, A. (2013). The effect of reading from the screen on the reading attitude. Theory and Practice in Education, 9 (4), 314-333.
Yıldırım, A. & Şimşek. H. (2011). Qualitative research methods in social sciences. Seçkin Publishing.