Asian Institute of Research, Journal Publication, Journal Academics, Education Journal, Asian Institute
Asian Institute of Research, Journal Publication, Journal Academics, Education Journal, Asian Institute

Education Quarterly Reviews

ISSN 2621-5799

asia institute of research, journal of education, education journal, education quarterly reviews, education publication, education call for papers
asia institute of research, journal of education, education journal, education quarterly reviews, education publication, education call for papers
asia institute of research, journal of education, education journal, education quarterly reviews, education publication, education call for papers
asia institute of research, journal of education, education journal, education quarterly reviews, education publication, education call for papers
crossref
doi
open access

Published: 19 September 2022

The Relationship Between Sport, Self-Regulation and School Burnout in High School Students

Turgut Yıldırım, Çalık Veli Koçak

Hitit University (Turkey), Aksaray University (Turkey)

asia institute of research, journal of education, education journal, education quarterly reviews, education publication, education call for papers
pdf download

Download Full-Text Pdf

doi

10.31014/aior.1993.05.03.556

Pages: 421-430

Keywords: Student, Sports, Self-Regulation, School Burnout

Abstract

The purpose of this research is to investigate the relationship between sports and self-regulation and school burnout in high school students who are athletes and nonathletes. Relational screening method was used in the research. 387 high school students (188 athletes, 199 non-athletes) participated in the study. The average age of the participants was ± 15.9 years. The participating students were determined by the convenience sampling method. The data of the research were collected with the Personal Information Form, the Perceived Self-Regulation Scale and the School Burnout Scale. The data were analyzed by using the SPSS program, Independent Sample T-Test, One Way Anova Test, Tukey and Pearson Correlation tests. The significance level was accepted as p<0.05 in the analyses. According to the results of this research, the school burnout levels of non-athlete students are higher than those of athlete students. There is no significant relationship between athletes and self-regulation. The school burnout levels of athlete students who workout for 1-4 months and 9-12 months during the year are higher than those who workout for 5-8 months. On the other hand, female students' self-regulation levels are higher than males. The self-regulation and school burnout levels of the participants did not show a significant difference depending on the age.

References

  1. Arslan, S., & Gelişli, Y. (2015). Development of Perceived Self-Regulation Scale: Validity and Reliability Study. Sakarya University Journal of Education, 5 (3), 67-74.

  2. Aktan, S. (2012) Relationship Between The Academic Success, Self Regulating Learning Skills, And Motivations Of 5th Grade Students And Teaching Styles Of Teachers. Unpublished Doctoral Thesis. Balikesir University Institute of Social Sciences, 2012.

  3. Bandura, A. (1986). Social foundations of thought and action: A social cognitive theory. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.

  4. Berger, B. G., Owen, D. R. (1983). Mood alteration with swimming-summers really do feel better. Psychosom Med; 45, 425-33.

  5. Bidjenaro, T. (2005). Gender Differences in Self Regulated Learning. Paper Presented at the 36th / 2005 Annual Meeting of the Northeastern Educational Research Association. Kerhonkson, NY. ED 490777.

  6. Carvalho, A., & Araújo, D. (2022). Self-regulation of learning in sport practices: An ecological dynamics approach. Asian Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 2(1), 3-7.

  7. Cohen, L.M., Manion, L. (1998). Research Methods in Education. New York: Routledge

  8. Çapulcuoğlu, U., & Gündüz, B. (2013). Investigation of Burnout of High School Students According to Gender, Grade Level, School Type and Perceived Academic Achievement Level. Trakya University Journal of Education, 3(1), 12-24.

  9. Duru, E., Duru, S. ve Balkıs, M. (2014). Analysis of Relationships among Burnout, Academic Achievement, and Self-regulation. Educational Sciences: Theory and Practice, 14(4), 1263- 1284.

  10. Fraenkel, J.R., Wallen, N. E. (2006). How to design and evaluate research in education. (6th ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill International Edition. 45-49.

  11. Ge, X., Conger, R. D., Elder, G. H., Jr. (2001). Pubertal transition, stressful life events, and the emergence of gender differences in adolescent depressive symptoms. Developmental Psychology, 37, 404–417.

  12. Hargittai, E., & Shafer, S. (2006). Differences in actual and perceived online skills: The role of gender. Social Science Quarterly, 87(2), 432-448.

  13. Howard, S. J., Vella, S. A., & Cliff, D. P. (2018). Children’s sports participation and self-regulation: Bi-directional longitudinal associations. Early Childhood Research Quarterly, 42, 140-147.

  14. Karasar, N. (2012). Bilimsel araştırma yöntemi. Ankara: Nobel Yayınları.

  15. Kapıkıran, Ş. , Yaşar, M. & Acun Kapıkıran, N. (2016). The Direct and Indirect Role of Self-regulation in the Relationship between Self-esteem and School Burnout. Turkish Psychological Counseling and Guidance Journal, 6 (45) , 51-64

  16. Koçak, Ç. V. & Çakır, F. (2020). The Relationship Of Sport, Social Anxiety And School Burnout In Adolescent. Spormetre The Journal of Physical Education and Sport Sciences,, 18 (4), 166-179.

  17. Kutsal, D., Bilge, F. (2012). A Study on the Burnout and Social Support Levels of High School Students. Education and Science. 37(164), 283-297.

  18. Lee, W., Jones, G. J., Hyun, M., Funk, D. C., Taylor, E. A., & Welty Peachey, J. (2021). Development and transference of intentional self-regulation through a sport-based youth development program. Sport Management Review, 24(5), 770-790.

  19. Malina, R. (1996). The young athlete: biological growth and maturation in a biosocial context. In: Smoll F, Smith R (Eds). Children and Youth in Sports: A Biosocial Perspective: Brown and Benchmark; 161– 86.

  20. Nolen-Hoeksema, S., & Girgus, J. S. (1994). The emergence of gender differences in depression during adolescence. Psychological Bulletin, 115, 424–443.

  21. Özcoşan, V. (2018). Investigation of Burnout Levels of Some Sportsmen in Different Sports According to Some Variables. Dumlupınar University Institute of Health Sciences, Department of Physical Education and Sports Master’s Thesis. Kütahya, 2018.

  22. Özdemir, Y. (2015). School Burnout in Secondary School Students: Role of Homework, School Engagement and Academic Motivation. Adnan Menderes University Faculty of Education Journal of Educational Sciences, 6(1), 27-35.

  23. Peluso, M. A. M., Andrade, L. H. S. G. D. (2005). Physical activity and mental health: The Association Between Exercise and Mood. Clinics, 60(1), 61-70.

  24. Pilkauskaite-Valickiene, R., Zukauskiene, R., Raiziene, S. (2011). The role of attachment to school and open classroom climate for discussion on adolescents’ school-related burnout. Procedia Social and Behavioral Sciences, 15, 637–641.

  25. Raedeke, T. D., & Smith, A. L. (2001). Development and preliminary validation of an athlete burnout measure. Journal of sport and exercise psychology, 23(4), 281-306.

  26. Salmela-Aro, K., Kiuru, N., Pietikäinen, M., & Jokela, J. (2008). Does school matter? The role of school context in adolescents' school-related burnout. European Psychologist, 13(1), 12-23.283-297

  27. Schaufeli, W. B., Martinez, M.I., Pinto, A.M., Salavona, M., & Bakker, A.B. (2002). Burnout and engagement in university students- a cross national study, MBI-SS. Journal of cross- cultural Psychology. 33 (5), 464-481.

  28. Scoffier-Meriaux, S., & Paquet, Y. (2022). The Self-Regulation of Eating Attitudes in Sport Scale: Defining an Optimal Regulation Zone. Frontiers in Psychology, 13.

  29. Seçer, İ. ve Gençdoğan, B. (2012). The Analysis of the School Burnout in Secondary Education Students in Terms of Various Variables. Turkish Journal of Education. 1(2). 1-13

  30. Seçer, İ., Halmatov, S., Veyis, F. ve Ateş, B. (2013). Adapting School Burnout Inventory to Turkish Culture: Study of Validity and Reliability. Turkish Journal of Education (Türk Eğitim Dergisi), 2 (2), 16-27

  31. Sorkkila, M., Aunola, K., & Ryba, T. V. (2017). A person-oriented approach to sport and school burnout in adolescent student-athletes: The role of individual and parental expectations. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 28, 58-67.

  32. Sorkkila, M., Aunola, K., Salmela-Aro, K., Tolvanen, A., & Ryba, T. V. (2018). The co-developmental dynamic of sport and school burnout among student-athletes: The role of achievement goals. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports, 28(6), 1731–1742. https://doi.org/10.1111/sms.13073

  33. Sorkkila, M., Tolvanen, A., Aunola, K., & Ryba, T. V. (2019). The role of resilience in student‐athletes' sport and school burnout and dropout: A longitudinal person‐oriented study. Scandinavian journal of medicine & science in sports, 29(7), 1059-1067.

  34. Sorkkila, M., Ryba, T. V., Selänne, H., & Aunola, K. (2020). Development of school and sport burnout in adolescent student‐athletes: A longitudinal mixed‐methods study. Journal of research on adolescence, 30, 115-133.

  35. Şahan, B. & Duy, B. (2017). School Burnout: Predictive Role of Self-efficacy, School Attachment and Social Support. Mersin University Journal of the Faculty of Education, 13 (3), 1249-1270

  36. Şahin, F.T. (2015). A Study into Self Regulation Sufficiencies of the Students Attending to the College Physical Education and Sport. International Journal of Sport Culture and Science, Cilt 3 (Özel Sayı 2), 425-438.

  37. Üredi, İ., & Üredi, L. (2005). The Predictive Power of Self-Regulation Strategies and Motivational Beliefs on Mathematics Achievement of Primary School 8th Grade Students. Mersin University Journal of the Faculty of Education, Vol. 1, Issue 2, December 2005, pp. 250-260.

  38. Weiss, MR. (1993) Psychological effects of intensive sport participation on children and youth: selfesteem and motivation. In: Cahill BR, Pearl AJ (Eds). Intensive participation in children’s sports. Champaign (IL): Human Kinetics, 39–70.

  39. Zimmerman, B. J. (2002). Becoming a Self-Regulated Learner: An Overview, Theory into Practice, 41(2), 64-70.