Journal of Economics and Business

ISSN 2615-3726 (Online)

ISSN 2621-5667 (Print)

Published: 16 September 2019

Capital Structure and Corporate Performance of Selected Firms on the Nigerian Stock Exchange

Babatunde Afolabi, Bolade Oyelekan, Olasusi Akinwale

Afe Babalola University, Central Bank of Nigeria

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Pages: 891-899

Keywords: Capital Structure, Firms, Nigerian Stock Exchange, Corporate Performance


The capital structure of a firm is very important to the firm's successful operation. The objective of the study was to analyze the effects of Capital Structure on Corporate Performance of selected firms on the Nigerian Stock Exchange in Nigeria from 2011 to 2017. The study employed data from five multinational companies, using Micro Panel data as the estimated technique. Both the Random Effect Model and the Fixed Effect Model were estimated, and the Hausman effect was carried out to determine the appropriate model. The result shows that the effect of liquidity of the firms is negatively related to return on Asset (ROA). Hence, keeping funds in non-interest yielding form does not increase the ROA of the firms. Similarly, the short term debt financing (CLA) is negatively related to ROA. However, there is a positive relationship between long term debt financing and ROA. It noted that short term debt financing requires the payment of the debt in a short term, and this may not be convenient for the firms, and impair their performance. However, repaying long term debt may be convenient, and this may have a positive effect on the performance of the firms. Management of the quoted firms in Nigeria is strongly advised to increase the use of equity capital in financing to improve the earnings of their firms.


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