Economics and Business
ISSN 2775-9237 (Online)
Published: 22 September 2022
Determinants of Unmet Need for Family Planning in Sleman District, Yogyakarta Province, Indonesia
Astuti Rahayu, Sri Suharsih, Eko Amiadji Julianto
UPN “Veteran” Yogyakarta, Indonesia
Download Full-Text Pdf
Keywords: Unmet Need, Family Planning, Women of Childbearing Age
One of the things that are of great concern in future development is the population problem, the main thing is population control. The family planning program in Indonesia has been recognized nationally and internationally as one of the programs that have succeeded in reducing fertility rates. However, the high number of unmet needs for family planning is one of the problems in managing family planning programs. Based on family data collection in the year 2021, the Total Fertility Rate (TFR) fell to 2.24% after touching the figure of 2.45% in 2019. Meanwhile, the number of unmet needs in 2019 was 14.3%, increasing to 18% in the year 2021. This study aims to describe the influence of unmet needs on the population with the regression model approach. Meanwhile, to analyze the factors that influence the unmet need for family planning in Sleman District, Yogyakarta Province, Indonesia used primary data with simple random sampling which includes 2 things. First, the identity of the respondent provides an overview of the category of mother's age, mother's education level, mother's occupation, number of last children, husband's education level, husband's age category, husband's occupation, number of last living children, and total family income. Second, the experience of family planning will be described in terms of participation in family planning, reasons for not participating in family planning, desire for family planning, methods of family planning, family planning costs, family planning information, family planning socialization, and respondents' statements. The result is that unmet need has a positive effect on the population. While with primary data showed that the determinants of unmet needs in Sleman District derived from various variables that fall within the scope of the respondent's identity and various variables that fall within the scope of experience in participating in family planning.
Adioetomo, S.M., & Mujahid, G. (2014). UNFPA Monograph Series No.1: Indonesia on the Threshold of Population Ageing. UNFPA.https://indonesia.unfpa.org/sites/default/files/pub-pdf/BUKU_Monograph_No1_Ageing_03_Low-res.pdf
Central Bureau of Statistics. (2022). Indonesian Population Profile Analysis. https://www.bps.go.id/publication/2022/06/24/ea52f6a38d3913a5bc557c5f/analisis-profil-penduduk-indonesia.html
Barman, S. (2013). Socio Economic and Demographic Determinants of Umnet Need for Family Planning in India and its Consequences. International Knowledge Sharing Platform: Research on Humanities and Social Sciences, 3 (3). https://www.iiste.org/Journals/index.php/RHSS/article/viewFile/4931/5014
Gujarati, N. Damodar, Dawn C. Porter. (2009). Basic Econometrics, 5th ed. Mc Graw Hill Companies.
Listyaningsih, U, Sumini, & Satiti, S. (2016). Unmet Need: A Concept That Still Needs to Be Debated. Population Journal, 24 (1). https://jurnal.ugm.ac.id/populasi/article/view/23696
Nadiroh, Hasanah, U. (2018). Non-Text Book of Population Education Integration with Various Subjects in Higher Education. Directorate of Population Education Cooperation, BKKBN
Pitoyo, A.J., Alfana, M.A.F. (2017, September). Monitoring of the Regional Action Plan for Population Development of Sleman Regency Year 2016 – 2021 [Paper Presentation]. Cross-Sectoral Focus Group Discussion of Sleman Regency.
Saptarini, I., Suparmi. (2016). Determinants of Unwanted Pregnancy in Indonesia (Secondary Data Analysis of Redinkes 2013). Neliti’s Journal, 2016. https://www.neliti.com/id/publications/108065/determinan-kehamilan-tidak-diinginkan-di-indonesia-analisis-data-sekunder-riskes.
Sariyati, S., Mulyaningsih, S., & Sugiharti, S. (2015). Factors Associated with The Occurrence of Unmet Need for Family Planning in Couples of Childbearing Age in Yogyakarta City. Indonesian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery, 3 (3).https://ejournal.almaata.ac.id/index.php/JNKI/article/view/167
Wardoyo, H. (2021). Population Growth Rate Drops BKKBN Ranks Asked Not to Euphoria. Indonesia, National Population and Family Planning Agency. https://www.bkkbn.go.id/berita-laju-pertumbuhan-penduduk-turun-jajaran-bkkbn-diminta-jangan-euforia
Todaro, Michael P & Stephen C. Smith. (2011). Economic Development, 11th ed. Pearson Education Limited