Journal of Economics and Business
ISSN 2615-3726 (Online)
ISSN 2621-5667 (Print)
Published: 12 August 2020
Dividend Policy and Corporate Financial Performance: Evidence from Selected Listed Consumer Goods Firms in Nigeria
Chukwuma C. Ugwu, Virginia N. Onyeka, Iyana E. Okwa
Federal University Wukari, Nigeria
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Keywords: Dividend Policy, Financial Performance, Dividend Pay-Out Ratio, Earnings Per Share, Dividend Per Share
This study evaluated the dividend policy and corporate financial performance with evidence from selected listed consumer good firms in Nigeria within the period 2015-2019; using dividend pay-out ratio, earnings per share and dividend per share as proxies for dividend policy and Return on equity as proxy for financial performance with two control variables; firm size and financial leverage. The study employed correlation and ex-post facto research designs. Descriptive statistics and multiple regressions were used for data analysis. Secondary data were used, which were extracted from the Central Bank of Nigeria statistical bulletin and the Audited Annual Reports of the ten selected listed consumer goods firms in Nigeria. The results of the study show that dividend pay-out ratio; earnings per share and dividend per share are positively related to return on equity. It also revealed that dividend pay-out ratio and earnings per share were statistically insignificant with the return on equity while dividend per share was statistically significant with return on equity within the period of study. The study therefore recommends that firms should adopt a dividend policy strategy that will guarantee greater financial performance to improve on the dividend per share. It is also recommended that management should act in the best interest of the shareholders as this will go a long way in reducing agency problem. The implication of this finding is that if firms do not adopt a good dividend policy strategy that will benefit the shareholders, investors will lose interest in the firm and this will threaten the growth of some of these consumer goods firms in the future.
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