Economic Impact of Newcastle Disease on Village Chickens – A Case of Bangladesh

Journal of Economics and Business

ISSN 2615-3726 (Online)

ISSN 2621-5667 (Print)

Published: 23 September 2018

Economic Impact of Newcastle Disease on Village Chickens – A Case of Bangladesh

M Khatun, S Islam, M Ershaduzzaman, HMS Islam, S Yasmin, A Hossen, M Hasan

Bangladesh Livestock Research Institute, Bangladesh

Download Full-Text Pdf

10.31014/aior.1992.01.03.33

Abstract

Newcastle Disease (ND) is a highly contagious viral disease and makes up to 100 percent mortality in susceptible populations during devastating outbreaks. The households face huge economic losses throughout the year. Still, it is ranked 1st among other poultry diseases in village chickens. However, the study was undertaken to determine the profitability of village chicken and to estimate the direct and indirect economic loss due to ND as well as its impact on household dietary diversity. The study was encompassed four Upazilas from four Districts, i.e., Gopalpur from Tangail, Nilphamary Sadar from Nilphamary, Gowainghat from Sylhet and Barishal Sadar from Barishal District. Both primary and secondary data were used in this study. From each Upazila 75 sample farmers were interviewed randomly who reared the village chicken, and the total sample size was 300. Primary data were collected through a structured questionnaire during the months of October to January 2017. Total return was estimated at BDT 4530 and BDT 6099, respectively for affected and non-affected farm household. The study also found that due to ND outbreak, the average economic loss was calculated to BDT 2,561 per household per annum and average eight poultry birds were forgone per household per annum. On average, the country incurred economic loss BDT 2.43802765*1010 (US$ 288.49 million) per annum. Only 27% of household had access to Upazila Veterinary Hospital. The study found an adverse impact on household dietary diversity and in animal source food consumption. Swab and tissue sample result sowed its prevalence in study areas. In the light of research findings, the following steps should be considered: Flock size should not be higher than 20 birds, keep chicken and duck in the separate shade, training for scientific rearing system and diseases control method and mass vaccination program.

References

  1. Ashraf A and Shah MS (2014). Newcastle Disease: Present status and future challenges for developing countries. African Journal of Microbiology Research, Vol. 8(5), pp. 411-416, 29 January, 2014 DOI: 10.5897/AJMR2013.6540.

  2. Alders, R.G. & Spradbrow, P.B. (2001a). Controlling Newcastle Disease in Village Chickens: a field manual. Canberra, Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research. Monograph 82.112pp.

  3. Alders, R.G. & Spradbrow, P.B. eds. (2001b). SADC Planning Workshop on Newcastle Disease Control in Village Chickens. Proceedings of an International Workshop, Maputo, Mozambique, 6-9 March 2000. ACIAR Proceedings N° 103, 158pp.

  4. Antipas BB, Bidjeh K and Youssouf ML (2012). Epidemiology of Newcastle Disease and its Economic Impact in Chad. European Journal of Experimental Biology, 2 (6): 2286-2292

  5. Awan MA, Otte MJ and James AD (1994). The epidemiology of Newcastle disease in rural poultry: a review. Avian Pathol, 1994 Sep; 23 (3) : 405-23. DOI: 10.1080/03079459408419012

  6. Alexander, D.J. (1988a). Preface: In: Newcastle Disease, D.J. Alexander, Ed., Kluwer Academic Publishers, Boston, p. XI.

  7. BBS (2011). Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics, Statistics Division, Ministry of Planning, Government of the Peoples' Republic of Bangladesh.

  8. DLS (2015). Department of Livestock Services, Ministry of Fisheries and Livestock, Government of the Peoples' Republic of Bangladesh.

  9. Copland, J. W. and R. G. Alders (2005). The Australian Village Poultry Development Programme Asia and Africa, World Poultry Science Journal 61: 31-38.

  10. Chowdhury TIMFR, Sarker AJ, Amin MM and Hossain WIMA (1982). Studies on Newcastle disease in Bangladesh – A Research Report.Department of Microbiology & Hygiene, Bangladesh Agriculture University, Mymensingh, Bangladesh.

  11. Guèye, E.F. (1997). Diseases in village chickens: control through ethno-veterinary medicine. ILEIA Newsletter 13: 20-21.

  12. Guèye, E.F. (2000). The role of family poultry in poverty alleviation, food security and the promotion of gender equality in rural Africa. Outlook on Agriculture, 29 (2): 129-136.

  13. Johnston, Joe, and Robin Cumming (1991). Control of Newcastle Disease in village chickens with oral V4 Vaccine. Canberra, Australia, Australian Agricultural Research. Economic Assessment series 7: 23p. [G1] [G2] 

  14. Khorajiya JH, Joshi BP, Mathakiya RA, Prajapati KS and Sipai SH (2017). Economic Impact of Genotype- Xiii Newcastle Disease Virus Infection on Commercial Vaccinated Layer Farms in India. International Journal of Livestock Research, Vol. 8 (5), 280-288. DOI- http://dx.doi.org/10.5455/ijlr.20170820030455.

  15. Kitalyi, A. J. (1998). Village chicken production systems in rural Africa: Household food security and gender issues.FAO Animal Production and Health Paper N° 142. Rome, FAO.

  16. Otim MO, Kabagambe EK, Mukiibi GM, Christensen H and Bisgaard M (2007). A study of risk factors associated with Newcastle disease epidemics in village free- range chickens in Uganda. Tropical Animal Health and Production, 39, 27-35.

  17. Southern Africa Newcastle Disease control project (SANDCP) (2005). Annual Plan 2005-06, GRM International PYT LTD.

  18. Spradbrow, P.B. (1993-94). Newcastle disease in village chickens. Poultry Science Review 5: 57-96.

  19. Spradbrow, P.B. (1996). Protection against important diseases including Newcastle disease. Proceedings of the 20th World's Poultry Congress, New Delhi, India.Vol. I, pp. 31-34.

About Us

The Asian Institute of Research is an online and open-access platform to publish recent research and articles of scholars worldwide. Founded in 2018 and based in Indonesia, the Institute serves as a platform for academics, educators, scholars, and students from Asia and around the world, to connect with one another. The Institute disseminates research that is proven or predicted to be of significant influence for the general public.

Contact Us

Please send all inquiries to the email:

editorial@asianinstituteofresearch.org

Business Address:

5th Floor, Kavling 507, Fajar Graha Pena Tower, Jl. Urip Sumohardjo No.20, Makassar, Indonesia 90234

Copyright © 2018 The Asian Institute of Research. All rights reserved

Stay Connected

  • Instagram - Black Circle
  • Facebook - Black Circle
  • LinkedIn - Black Circle