Asian Institute of Research, Journal Publication, Journal Academics, Education Journal, Asian Institute
Asian Institute of Research, Journal Publication, Journal Academics, Education Journal, Asian Institute

Economics and Business

Quarterly Reviews

ISSN 2775-9237 (Online)

asian institute research, jeb, journal of economics and business, economics journal, accunting journal, business journal, managemet journal
asian institute research, jeb, journal of economics and business, economics journal, accunting journal, business journal, managemet journal
asian institute research, jeb, journal of economics and business, economics journal, accunting journal, business journal, managemet journal
asian institute research, jeb, journal of economics and business, economics journal, accunting journal, business journal, managemet journal
crossref
doi
open access

Published: 24 November 2022

Ethnicity, Language, and Work Segregation: A Cohesive and Profitability Perspective

Dian Riskarini, Yuli Ardianto

Universitas Pancasila, Indonesia

asian institute research, jeb, journal of economics and business, economics journal, accunting journal, business journal, management journal

Download Full-Text Pdf

doi

10.31014/aior.1992.05.04.472

Pages: 223-237

Keywords: Ethnicity, Language, Work Segregation, Cohesiveness and Profitability Perspective

Abstract

This research aims to obtain the benefit of the organization in the work place, the employee cohesiveness and positive perspectives could be focus on some various factors such as; cultural differences, (ethnicity), language differences and injustice over the separation of one group from other in the workplace (exclusion). The purpose of the research that carried out qualitatively. The approach in this research is descriptive method by using this descriptive method is to describe whether cultural differences (Ethnicity), differences in language (Language) and different treatment of employees in the work environment (Workplace Segregation) have an effect on good or bad employee cohesiveness. (A Cohesive) in carrying out its main duties and inherent functions and how it affects the employee's perspective on his ability to bring benefits to himself and his organization (Profitability Perspective). Based on the research model framework the researcher concludes 16 research hypotheses that Ethnicity, language, work segregation has positive effects toward employee’s cohesiveness and profitability perspectives. But Gender can have positive and negative effects toward Interpersonal Attractive.

References

  1. Agha, Asif. 2007. Language and Social Relations. (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press)

  2. Ancona, D.G. 1993. The Classic and The Contemporary: A New Blend of Small Group Theory. In J.K. Murnighan (Ed.), Social Psychology in Organizations (pp. 225-243). Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall.

  3. Archer-Kath, J., Johnson, D.W., & Johnson , R.T. 1994. Individual versus Group Feedback in Cooperative Groups. Journal of Social Psychology, Vol.134, pp. 681-694.

  4. Ardianto, Q-Aness. 2014. Communication Philosophy. Simbiosa Rekatama Media, Bandung.

  5. Arnault, Karel, Karrebaek, M., Spotti, M., & Blommaert, J. 2015. Language and Superdiversity. (New York: Routledge).

  6. Bender, Henry. 1980. Report on Women Business Owners. American Management Association.

  7. Blommaert. 2010. The Sociolinguistics of Globalization. (Cambridge: Cambrigde University Press).

  8. Blommaert, Jan and Rampton, B. 2011. Language and Superdiversity. Diversities, Vol.13, Hal.2, pp.1-21.

  9. Blum , T.C. 1984. Racial Inequality and Salience: An Examination of Blau’s Theory of Social Structure. Social Forces, Vol. 62, pp.607-617.

  10. Blumer, H. 1958. Race Prejudice as a Sense of Group Position. Pacific Sociological Review, Vol. 1, No. 1, pp 3-7.

  11. Byrne, D. 1971. The Attraction Paradigm. New York: Academia Press.

  12. Cromie, Stanley. 1987. Motivations of Aspiring Male and Female Entrepreneurs. Journal of Occupational Behaviour, Vol. 8, pp. 251-261.

  13. Fields, D.L., & Blum, T.C.1997. Employee Satisfaction in Work Groups with Different Gender Composition. Journal of Organizational Behaviour, Vol. 18, pp. 181-196.

  14. Ford, R. 2008. Is Racial Prejudice Declining in Britain ?. British Journal of Sociology, Vol. 59, No. 4, pp. 609-636.

  15. Fox, Frank, M.,& Hesse-Biber, S. 1984. Women at Work. Mayfield.

  16. Goebel, Z. 2010. Language, Migration and Identity: Neigbourhood Talk in Indonesia.(Cambridge: Cambridge University Press)

  17. Goebel, Z. 2018. Language Diversity and Language Change in Indonesia. New York: Routledge.

  18. Goerge, O., Oghojafor, B., and Oweyemi, O. 2012 . “Explaining the Fundamental Relationship between Corporate/Business Ethics and National Culture”. American Journal of Business and Management, Vol. 1, No. 3, pp.83-86.

  19. Gooderham, P., Nordhaug, O., Ringdal, K., & Birkelund, G.E. 2004. Job Values Among Future Business Leaders: The Impact of Gender and Social Background.Scandinavian Journal of Management, Vol.20, pp.277-295.

  20. Hellerstein, Judith, & Neumark, D. 2006. Workplace Segregation in the United States: Race, Ethnicity, and Skill. Annales d”Economies et de Statistique, Vol.71-71, pp.19-78.

  21. Humphreys, Adele, M., & McClung, J. 1981. Women Entrepreneurs in Oklahoma. Review of Regional Economics, Vol.6, pp.13-21.

  22. Jackson, S.E., Brett, J.F., Sessa, V.I., Cooper, D.M., Julin, J.A., & Peyronnin, K. 1991. Some Differences make a Difference: Individual Dissimilarity and Group Heterogeneity as Correlates of Recruitment, Promotions, and Turnover. Journal of Applied Psychology, Vol. 76, pp. 675- 689.

  23. Jehn, K., Northcraft, G., & Neale, M. 1997. Opening Pandora’s Box: A Field Study of Diversity, Conflict and Performance in Work Groups. Warking Paper. Wharton School, University of Pennsylvania.

  24. Johnson, D.W. 2003. Field testing integrative negotiations. Peace and Conflict: Journal of Peace Psychology, Vol.9, pp. 39-68.

  25. Kirchmeyer, C. 1995. Demographic Similarity to the Work Group: A Longitudinal Studi of Managers at the Early Career Stage. Journal of Organization of Behaviour, Vol. 16, pp. 67-83.

  26. Konrad, A.M, Winter, S., & Gutek, B.A. 1992. Diversity in Work Group Sex Composition: Implications for Majority and Minority Members. Research in the Sociology of Organization, Vol. 10, pp. 115-140.

  27. Lee, C., Farh, J. 2004. Joint Effects of Group Efficacy and Gender Diversity on Group Cohesion and Performance. Applied Psychology: An International Review, Vol.53, No. 1, pp. 136-154.

  28. Light, Ivan. 1984. Immigrant Ethnic Enterprise in North America. Ethnic and Radal Studies, Vol.7, pp. 195-216.

  29. Loscocco, K.A., Robinson, J., Hall, R.H., & Allen, J.K. 1991. Gender and Small Business Success: An Inquiry into Women’s Relative Disadvantage. Social Forces , Vol. 70, No.1, pp.65-85.

  30. Lozano, J.M. 1998 . Ethics and Coorporate Culture: A Critical Relationship. Ethical Perspective, Vol.5, pp 53-70.

  31. Luo, Y. 2009 . Analysis of Culture and Buyer Behavior in Chinese Market. Asian Culture and History, Vol.1, No.1,pp.25-30.

  32. Marini, Mooney, M., & Brinton, M.C. 1984. Sex Typing in Occupational Sosialization, pp. 192-232.

  33. Mesch, D., Johnson, D.W.,& Johnson, R.T. 1988. Impact of Positive Interdependence and Academic Group Contingencies on Achievement. Journal of Social Psychology, Vol. 128, pp354-352.

  34. Pettigrew, T. and Tropp, L. 2006. A Meta-Analityc Test of Intergroup Contact Theory. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Vol.90, No. 5, pp. 751-783.

  35. Putnam, R. D. 2007. Diversity and Community in the Twenty-first century the 2006 Johan Sky-The Prize Lecture. Scandinavian Political Studies, Vol. 30, No.2, pp. 137-174.

  36. Rothwell, J. 2012. The Effects of Racial Segregation on Trust an Volunteering in US Cities. Urban Studies, Vol.49, No.10, pp. 2109-2136.

  37. Scholtens, B., and Dam, L. 2007 . Cultural Values and International Differences in Business Ethics. Springer : Journal of Business Ethics, Vol.75, No.3, pp. 273-284.

  38. Smith, Norman, R., McCain, G., & Warren, A. 1982. Women Entrepreneurs Really are Different: A Comparison of Constructed Ideal Types of Male and Female Entrepreneurs, pp.68-77.

  39. Stolle, D. and Harell A. 2012. Social Capital and Ethno-Racial Diversity: Learning to Trust in an Immigrant Society. Political Studis, Vol. 61, No.1, pp.42-66.

  40. Sturgis, P., et al. 2011. Does Ethnic Diversity Erode Trust? Putnam’s ‘Hunkering-Down’Thesis Reconsedered. British Journal of Political Science, Vol. 41, No.1, pp. 57-82.

  41. Sturgis, P., Smith, I.B., Kuha, J., and Jackson, J. 2014. Ethnic diversity, Segregation and the Social Cohesion of Neighbourhoods in London. Ethic and Racial Studies, Vol.37, No.8, pp.1286-1309.

  42. Tafjel, H. 1981. Social Stereotypes and Social Groups. In Human Groups and Social Categories: Studies in Social Psychology, edited by H. Tafjel, pp. 143-161. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

  43. Uslaner, E. 2010. Trust, Diversity, and Segregation in the United States and the United Kingdom. Comparative Sociology, Vol.10, No.4, pp. 415-433

  44. Uslaner, E. 2012. Segregation and Mistrust: Diversity, Isolation and Social Cohesion. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

  45. Williams, K.Y., & O’Reilly, C.A. 1998. Demography and Diversity in Organization: A Review of 40 years of Research. In B.M Staw & L.L Cummings (Eds.). Research in Organization Behaviour, Vol.20, pp 77-140.

  46. Wright, A., Mclaughlin-Volpe and Ropps S.1997. The Extended Contact Effect: Knowledge of Cross-Group Friendships and Predjudice. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Vol.73, No. 1, pp.73-90.

  47. Nuraeni, Y., & Suryono, I. L. (2021). Analisis Kesetaraan Gender Dalam Bidang Ketenagakerjaan Di Indonesia. Nakhoda: Jurnal Ilmu Pemerintahan, 20(1), 68-79.

  48. Bloomfield, L. (1933). Language. New York: Holt, Tenehardt and Wingston