Economics and Business
ISSN 2775-9237 (Online)
Published: 03 April 2018
Internet Addiction: A Research Study of College Students in India
Shanker Menon, Lakshmi Narayanan, Ahmad Taha Kahwaji
Dhofar University, Oman
Download Full-Text Pdf
Internet was created to facilitate our lives. However, the dramatic increase in use the internet among students in last years has led to pathological use (Internet addiction). This study is a preliminary investigation of the extent of internet addiction in a management institute in India, where sampled were 300 students (first, second and third years’ students). This study was conducted using an Internet Addictions Scale developed by Young (1998) to measure the level of internet addiction. The study used a survey methodology design. Respondents were classified into two categories, "younger" and "older." There was a significant difference between the two groups, the older group clearly showing higher internet usage. It is possible that older students were more addicted to the internet than younger students due to increased exposure to the internet. It is also possible that older students needed to spend more time because they were in senior years requiring the investment of more time on the internet. When differences between gender and internet usage were examined, there were statistically significant differences obtained between the students in terms of this variable. An ANOVA was also done looking at differences in the sample, for both males and females and for the overall sample with GPA as the dependent variable. It was surprising to note that there were no significant differences in internet usage and GPA for all 3 ANOVAS. In general, we found no evidence of severe internet addiction. The addiction was more in the range of moderate to mild addiction. However, it is possible that the reported scores were related to internet work in the campus and did not include the use of smartphones and the time spent on using social websites using smartphones. This study indicated that there is a high degree of correlation between age and internet addiction with older students being more addicted to the Internet than younger students. Also with regard to Internet usage, there were significant differences with regard to gender with men being more addicted than women. The study, however, found no differences between the students in terms of the study year.
Anderson, K. J., 2001. Internet use among college students: An exploratory study. Journal of American College Health.50 (1), p. 21-26.
Andreassen, C.S., Torsheim, T., Brunborg, G. S. & Pallesen, S. (2012). Development of a Face book addiction scale. Psychological Reports, 110,501–517.
Beard, K. W. (2005). Internet addiction: a review of current assessment techniques and potential assessment questions. Cyber Psychology and
Behavior, 8, 7–14.
Boyd D. It’s complicated: The social lives of networked teens New Haven. Connecticut, USA: Yale University Press; 2014.
Chak, K & Leung, L. (2004). Shyness and Locus of Control as Predictors of Internet Addiction. Cyber psychology and Behavior, 7 (5).
Chathoth V, Kodavanji B, Arunkumar N, Pai SR. Internet Behavior Pattern In Undergraduate Medical Students In Mangalore. Int J Innov Res Sci Eng Technol 2013;2.
Chen, S. H., Weng, L., C., Su, Y.J., Wu, H., & Yang, P. (2003). Development of a Chinese Internet addiction scale and its psychometric study. Chinese Journal of Psychology, 45(3), 279.
Cheng C, Li AY. Internet addiction prevalence and quality of (real) life: a meta-analysis of 31 nations across seven world regions. Cyber psychol Behav Soc Netw. 2014 Dec;17(12):755-60. doi: 10.1089/cyber.2014.0317. Pub Med PMID: 25489876; Pub Med Central PMCID: PMC4267764. [Pub Med].
Goel D, Subramanyam A, Kamath R. A study on the prevalence of internet addiction and its association with psychopathology in Indian adolescents. Indian J Psychiatry. 2013 Apr;55(2):140-3. doi: 10.4103/0019-5545.111451. Pub Med PMID: 23825847; Pub Med Central PMCID: PMC 3696236. [Pub Med].
Griffiths M. D. (1995). Technological addicts. Clin. Psyc. 76,14–19.
Griffiths M. D. (1996). Internet "addiction": an issue for clinical psychology? Clin. psych. 77, 32–36.
Griffiths M. D. (1998). Internet addiction: Does it really exist? In J. Gackenbach (Ed.), Psychology and the Internet: Intrapersonal and Transpersonal Applications (pp. 61–75). New York, NY: Academic Press.
Ghassemzadeh, L., Shahraray, M., & Moradi, A.R. (2008). Prevalence of Internet addiction and comparison of Internet addicts and non-addicts in high schools. Cyber Psychology & Behavior, 11, 731–733.
Huang, H.Y. & Leung, L. (2009). Instant Messaging Addiction among Teenagers in China, Shyness, Alienation and Academic Performance Decrements. Cyber Psychology and Behavior. 12 (6).
Internet World Stats Internet users of the world: Distribution by world regions - 2014 Q4. From: Feb 2015.
Internet World Stats Internet users in the Middle East and the world: 2014 Q4. From: Feb 2015.
Kendall, J. (1998). Outlasting disruption: The process of reinvestment in family with ADHD children. Qualitative Health Research, 8(6).
Kim, J., & Haridakis, P. M. (2009). The role of ınternet user characteristics and motives in explaining three dimensions of internet addiction. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, 14, 988–1015.
Kraut, R., Kiesler, S., Boneva, B., Cummings, J., Helgeson, V., & Crawford, A.,2002, Internet paradox revisited. Journal of Social Issues. 58.1(2). p.49-74.
Krishnamurthy S, Chetlapalli SK. Internet addiction: Prevalence and risk factors: A cross-sectional study among college students in Bengaluru, the Silicon Valley of India. Indian J Public Health. 2015 Apr-Jun;59(2):115-21. doi: 10.4103/0019-557X.157531. Pub Med PMID: 26021648. [Pub Med].
Kuss, D. J., Griffiths, M. D., & Binder, J. F. (2013). Internet addiction in
students: Prevalence and risk factors, Computers in Human Behavior, 29, 959–966.
Liu, T., & Potenza, M. N. (2007). Problematic internet use: Clinical implications. CNS Spectrums, 12, 453–466.
Masters, K. (2015). Social Networking Addiction among Health Sciences Students in Oman. Sultan QaboosUniv Med J. 2015 Aug; 15(3):
Morahan-Martin, J., & Schumacher, P., 2003, Loneliness and social uses of the Internet. Computers in Human Behavior. 19.p. 659-6.
Morgan, C., & Cotton, S. R. ,2004, The relationship between Internet activities and depressive symptoms ina sample of college freshmen. Cyber Psychology & Behavior. 6.(2). p. 133-142.
Pezoa-Jares RE, Espinoza-Luna IL, Vasquez-Medina JA. Internet addiction: A review. J Addict Res Ther. 2012; S6:004. doi: 10.4172/2155-6105.S6-004
Shaffer, H. (2004). Internet gambling and addiction, published as a position paper, Division on Addictions, Harvard Medical School, Boston.
Van Rooij, A. J., Schoenmakers, T. M., Van den Eijnden, R. J. J. M., & Van de Mheen, D. (2010). Compulsive Internet use: The role of online gaming and other Internet applications. The Journal of Adolescents Health, 47,51–57.
Yadav P, Banwari G, Parmar C, Maniar R. Internet addiction and its correlates among high school students: a preliminary study from Ahmed abad, India. Asian J Psychiatr. 2013 Dec;6(6):500-5. doi: 10.1016/j.ajp.2013.06.004. Epub 2013 Jul 23. Pub Med PMID: 24309861. [Pub Med)
Yen, J. Y., Ko, C., Yen, C., Chen, S., Chung, W., & Chen, C. (2008). Psychiatric symptoms in adolescents with internet addiction: Comparison with substance use. Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences, 62, 9–16.
Young, K. S. (1996). Pathological Internet use: A case that breaks the stereotype. Psychological Reports, 79, 899–902.
Young, K.S. (1998). Internet addiction: The emergence of a new clinical disorder. Cyber Psychology & Behavior, 1(3), 237-244.
Young KS. Caught in the Net: How to Recognize the Signs of Internet Addiction--and a Winning Strategy for Recovery. New York, NY, USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 1998.
Young, K. S. (1999). Internet addiction: Symptoms, evaluation, and treatment. In L. Vande Creek & T. L. Jackson (Eds.), Innovations in clinical practice: A source book (Vol. 17, pp. 19–31). Sarasota, FL: Professional Resource Press.
Yung K, Eickhoff E, Davis DL, Klam WP, Doan AP. Internet addiction disorder and problematic use of Google Glass™ in patient treated at a residential substance abuse treatment program. Addict Behav.2015;41:58–60. doi: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2014.09.024. [Pub Med] [Cross Ref].