Measuring the Scale Efficiency of Agricultural SMEs Exporting in Vietnam

Journal of Economics and Business

ISSN 2615-3726 (Online)

ISSN 2621-5667 (Print)

Published: 25 June 2019

Measuring the Scale Efficiency of Agricultural SMEs Exporting in Vietnam

Trịnh Thị Thu Hằng

University of Economics and Business, Vietnam National University

Download Full-Text Pdf

10.31014/aior.1992.02.02.101

Pages: 459-468

Keywords: Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA), Tobit Regression, Scale Efficiency, Small Medium Enterprise, Export Agricultural Products.

Abstract

The paper uses data envelope analysis model to measure the scale effect of agricultural SMEs exporting in Vietnam in the period of 2010 - 2015 and use the Tobit regression model to assess the impact of factors such as region, domain, inventory, salary, capital, tax to affect the scale of enterprises in research. Results from the model show that in the 2010-2015 period, the number of enterprises reaching the optimal scale is very small. Businesses operating at the increasing return to scale accounted for more than 90%. In addition, enterprises operating in an efficient scale are mainly in the Southern region, factors such as wages/labor and capital/labor ratio have a positive impact and tax and survival factors. The warehouse has a negative impact on the scale efficiency of businesses. Since then, the author analyzes and draws conclusions and some policy recommendations for the Government and small and medium-sized agricultural exporters.

References

  1. Charnes, A., Cooper, W. W., and Rhodes, E. (1978). “Measuring the Efficiency of Decision- marking Units," European Journal of Operational Research 2: 429.

  2. Chuanli Wei, 2014, “SME technical efficiency and scale revenue calculation methods and selection of indicators," COMPUTER MODELLING & NEW TECHNOLOGIES, 18(12C), 1113-1116.

  3. Gin Chong, 2008, “Measuring performance of small-and-medium-sized enterprises: the grounded theory approach," Journal of Business and Public Affairs, Volume 2, Issue 1.

  4. Kristin Hallberg, 2000, "A market–Oriented Strategy for Small and Medium Scale Enterprises," International finance corporation, Washington, D.C.

  5. Nguyễn Khắc Minh, 2002, “Phân tích so sánh về hiệu quả của các ngành sản xuất ở Hà Nội và Thành phố Hồ Chí Minh”, diễn đàn Phát triển Việt Nam - Dự án liên kết nghiên cứu giữa Viện Quốc gia Sau đại học về Nghiên cứu Chính sách (GRIPS), Nhật Bản và trường ĐH Kinh tế Quốc dân, Việt Nam.

  6. Nordin Haji Mohamad1, 2012, “Decomposing total factor productivity growth in small and medium enterprises, SMEs” Indian Journal of Science and Technology, Vol. 5, No. 5, 2706-2712.

  7. Quan Minh Nhựt, 2007, “Phân tích lợi nhuận và hiệu quả theo quy mô sản xuất của mô hình độc canh ba vụ lúa và luân canh hai lúa một màu tại Chợ Mới – An Giang năm 2015”, Tạp chí Khoa học 2007: 7 167-175, Trường Đại học Cần Thơ.

  8. S. Azra Batool, 2011, “The Performance and Structure of Small & Medium Enterprises: An Empirical Evidence from Pakistan”, Pakistan Journal of Social Sciences, Vol. 31, No. 2, pp. 433-447.

About Us

The Asian Institute of Research is an online and open-access platform to publish recent research and articles of scholars worldwide. Founded in 2018 and based in Indonesia, the Institute serves as a platform for academics, educators, scholars, and students from Asia and around the world, to connect with one another. The Institute disseminates research that is proven or predicted to be of significant influence for the general public.

Contact Us

Please send all inquiries to the email:

editorial@asianinstituteofresearch.org

Business Address:

5th Floor, Kavling 507, Fajar Graha Pena Tower, Jl. Urip Sumohardjo No.20, Makassar, Indonesia 90234

Copyright © 2018 The Asian Institute of Research. All rights reserved

Stay Connected

  • Instagram - Black Circle
  • Facebook - Black Circle
  • LinkedIn - Black Circle