Journal of Economics and Business

ISSN 2615-3726 (Online)

ISSN 2621-5667 (Print)

Published: 12 March 2019

Position Paper of Suggested Paradigm of the Know–How Gap between University and Industry inside Arab Countries – Researchers on the Horns of a Dilemma

Ahmad Taha Kahwaji

Dhofar University, Sultanate of Oman

Download Full-Text Pdf



The relationship between researches and industries in many Arab countries is characterized by a great deal of ambiguity and negativity. These characteristics create a big gap, especially in the transfer of Know-how. This research aims to clarify this relationship based on historical view and qualitative/descriptive analysis. We create a URI paradigm (University-Researchers-Industries), where we explained the interactions between the three players. We found three destructive spots and one constructive which called "Fertility Spot" which considered only hope to get out of the gap. We also tried to build a matrix of know-how between researchers and industries, which illustrate the only two positive cells out of sixteen, where we found the optimal interaction during the relationship. Finally, we illustrate in the agenda for future as a conclusion, set of limitations to be considered in future researches, to finalize the characteristics of a strategic road which can reduce the gap mentioned and make the relationship between research and industry more coherent.


  1. Bekker, R.; Gilsin, V.; Vander Steens, M., 2006. Determining Factors of the Effectiveness of IP-based Spin-offs: Comparing the Netherlands and US, Journal of Technology Transfer 31 (5), 545-566.

  2. Coombs, R.; Harrey, M.; Tether, B.S., 2003. Analyzing Distributed Processes of Provision and Innovation. Industrial & Corporate Change, 12 (6), 1125-1155. 

  3. Cohen, W.H.; Nelson, R.R.: Walash, J.P., 2002. Links and impacts: The Influence of Public Research on Industrial R & D, Management Science 48 (1), 1-23.

  4. D'Este, P.; Patel, P., 2005. University-Industry Linkages in The UK: What are The Factors Determining the Variety of University Researchers' Interactions with Industry? In: DRUID 10th Anniversary Summer Conference 2005 on Organizations, Networks, and Systems. Copenhagen, Denmark, June 27-29.  

  5. Lam, A., 2005. Work Roles and Careers of R & D Scientists in Network Organizations. Industrial Relations 44. 242-275.

  6. Mc Millan, G.s.; Narin, F.; Deeds, D.L., 2000. An Analysis of the Critical Role of Public Science in Innovation: The Case of Biotechnology. Research Policy 29, 1-8.

  7. Meyer – Krahmer, F.; Schmoch, O., 1998. Science-based Technology: University-Industry Interactions in Four Fields. Research Policy 27, 835-851.

  8. Narin, F.: Hamilton, K.S.: Oliverstro, D., 1997. The Increasing Linkage between U.S. Technology and Public Sciences. Research Policy 26, 317-330.

  9. Porter M. E., 1981. The Contribution of Industrial Organization to Strategic Management, The Academy of Management Review, Vol. 6, Issue 4, 609-620.

  10. Salter, A.J.: Martin, B. R., 2001. The economic Benefits Publicity Funded Research: A Critical Review. Research Policy 30, 509-539.

  11. Schartinger, D.; Rammera, C.; Fischer, M.M.; Frohlich, J., 2002. Knowledge Interactions between Universities and Industry in Austria: Sectoral Patterns and determinants. Research Policy 31, 303-328.

  12. Yong, S. L., 2000. The Sustainability of University-Industry Research Collaboration: An Empirical Assessment. Journal of Technology Transfer 25, 111-133.

  13. Zucher, L. G.; Darby, M.R.; Armstrong, J. S., 2002. Commercializing Knowledge: University Science, Knowledge Capture, and firm Performance in Biotechnology. Management Science 48 (1), 138-153. 

About Us

The Asian Institute of Research is an online and open-access platform to publish recent research and articles of scholars worldwide. Founded in 2018 and based in Indonesia, the Institute serves as a platform for academics, educators, scholars, and students from Asia and around the world, to connect with one another. The Institute disseminates research that is proven or predicted to be of significant influence for the general public.

Contact Us

Please send all inquiries to the email:

Business Address:

5th Floor, Kavling 507, Fajar Graha Pena Tower, Jl. Urip Sumohardjo No.20, Makassar, Indonesia 90234

Copyright © 2018 The Asian Institute of Research. All rights reserved

Stay Connected

  • Instagram - Black Circle
  • Facebook - Black Circle
  • LinkedIn - Black Circle