Economics and Business
ISSN 2775-9237 (Online)
Published: 09 November 2019
Present Health Status in Bangladesh: Challenges and Achievements
University of Rajshahi, Bangladesh
Download Full-Text Pdf
Keywords: Child Health, Communicable and Non-Communicable Diseases, Health Care, Health Status, Maternal Mortality, Ministry of Health and Family Planning (MOHFW)
The health status in Bangladesh relies heavily on the government or the public sector for financing and setting overall policies and service delivery mechanisms. Based on a review of secondary data, the paper assesses the overall challenges and evaluates the current situations of health status and health care development in Bangladesh. Here non-empirical study will apply and the analysis will be made from the data and contents collected from various articles and journals published by various authors and released through various sources. This study revealed that Bangladesh had achieved notable improvements in health status by achieving health-related MDGs where infant or child mortality rate and maternal mortality rate have changed insignificantly than many other developing countries and rapidly improving on other key indicators including immunization coverage, and survival from some infectious diseases including malaria, tuberculosis, and diarrhea. However, Bangladesh faces a lot of challenges in its health care system. These challenges must be resolved to improve the existing health system so that the deprived and vulnerable people can get better access to basic health care services.
- Ahmed, S.M., Alam, B.B., Anwar, I., Begum, T., Huque, R., Khan, J.A.M., et al. (2015) Bangladesh Health System Review. Vol.5 No.3. Manila: World Health Organization, Regional Office for the Western Pacific. Crossref
- APLMA (Asia Pacific Leaders Malaria Alliance). (2017) Bangladesh: New plan for malaria elimination (2017–2021).
- Arifeen, S. E., Hill, K., Ahsan, K. Z., Jamil, K., Nahar, Q., & Streatfield, P. K. (2014) Maternal mortality in Bangladesh: a Countdown to 2015 country case study. The Lancet, 384(9951), 1366–1374. Crossref
- Balabanova, D., McKee, M., Mills, A. (2011). ‘Good health at low cost’ 25 years on. What makes a successful health system? London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London. ( files/2011/10/GHLC-book.pdf) Crossref
- Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics (BBS). (2017). Report on Bangladesh Sample Vital Statistics 2016. Statistics and Informatics Division, Ministry of Planning.
- Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics (2018). Statistical Yearbook of Bangladesh 2017. Dhaka
- Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey. (2007). National Institution of Population Research and Training (NIPORT). Mitra and associates, ORC-macro, Dhaka.
- Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey. (2011). National Institution of Population Research and Training (NIPORT). Mitra and associates, Dhaka, Bangladesh and Calverton, Maryland, USA.
- Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey. (2014). National Institution of Population Research and Training (NIPORT). Mitra and associates, Dhaka.
- Bangladesh Demographics Profile (2018). CIA World Factbook .
- Bangladesh Health Watch 2016. Non Communicable diseases in Bangladesh: Current scenario future directions. Dhaka: Bangladesh Health Watch Secretariat, James P Grant School of Public Health, BRAC University.
- Bangladesh Maternal Mortality and Health-care Survey 2010. (2012) Dhaka Bangladesh, NIPORT, Measure Evaluation and icddr,b.
- Bangladesh Maternal mortality and Health Care Survey 2016: Preliminary Report (2017). Dhaka, Bangladesh, and Chapel Hill, NC, USA: NIPORT, icddr,b, and MEASURE Evaluation.
- Basu, K. (2018). Why is Bangladesh booming? Published may,2018. Crossref
- Eminence. (2013). Writing about Health: A Handbook for Journalists. Dhaka, Bangladesh and Calverton, Maryland, USA: Eminence Associates for Social Development (Eminence) and ICF Macro. Crossref
- Folbre, N. (1991). Women on their own: global patterns of female headship. The Women and International Development Annual, Vol.2. Boulder CO: Westview Press. Crossref
- Hasib, N.I., (2017). Shock as survey finds maternal deaths up in Bangladesh. BDnews24.com Published: 22 Nov 2017;
- Haque U, Ahmed SM, Hossain S, Huda M, Hossain A, et al. (2009). Malaria Prevalence in Endemic Districts of Bangladesh. PLoS One. 2009; 4(8): e6737. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0006737. Crossref
- Headey, D., Hoddinott, J., Ali, D., Tesfaye, R., Dereje, M., (2015). The other Asian enigma: explaining the rapid reduction of under nutrition in Bangladesh. World Dev. 66,749–761. Crossref
- Iam, D., Robinson, H., Kanungo, A., Hossain, MD., & Hassan, M. (2013). Health Systems Preparedness for responding to the growing burden of non-communicable disease- a case study of Bangladesh. Melbourne: Place Nossal Institute for Global Health.
- ICDDR,B. (2019).
- Islam, M.A., & Ullah, M.W. (2009). People’s Participation in Health Services: A Study of Bangladesh’s Rural Health Complex. BDRWPS 7, p-1 . Crossref
- Kabir, L., Amin. R., Mollah, A. H., Khanam, S., Mridha, A.A., Ahmed, S., & Chisti, M.J. (2016). Respiratory Disorders in Under-Five Children Attending Different Hospitals of Bangladesh: A Cross Sectional Survey. J Respir Med Res Treat; 2016:11. Crossref
- Karar, Z. A., Alam, N. & Streatfield, P. K. (2009). Epidemiological transition in rural Bangladesh, 1986–2006. Global Health Action, 2: 10.doi:3402/gha. v2i0.1904. Crossref
- Laskar, Md.S.I., Kabir, M., Naher, S., Islam, M.A., Parvez, M.B.H., & Siddiqui, M.A. (2017). Nine Years of Malaria Cases in Bangladesh: A Time Series Analysis. International Journal of tropical disease & health.28(3). Article no.IJTDH.37916ISSN: 2278–1005. Crossref
- MOHFW. (2011). Health, Population and Nutrition Sector Development Program (2011–2016) Program Implementation Plan. Dhaka.
- MOHFW. (2015). Success Factors for Women’s and Children’s Health: Bangladesh. Partnership for Maternal, Newborn & Child Health, WHO, World Bank and Alliance for Health Policy and Systems Research.
- MOHFW. (2017). Health Bulletin. Yearly. Dhaka: Management Information System, Directorate General of Health Services, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Bangladesh.
- MOHFW. (2018). Health Bulletin. Yearly. Dhaka: Management Information System, Directorate General of Health Services, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Bangladesh.
- NIPORT. (2013). Utilization of Essential Service Delivery Survey 2013. Dhaka
- NIPORT. (2013). Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey 2011. Mitra and Associates and MEASURE DHS, Dhaka
- National Institute of Population Research and Training (NIPORT). (2015). Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey 2014. Dhaka, Bangladesh, and Calverton, Maryland, USA: ICF International.
- NIPORT, (2018). Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey 2017. Mitra and Associates and MEASURE DHS, Dhaka.
- Save the children. (2019). Bangladesh.
- Sultana, M., Mahumud, R.A., Sarker, A.R. (2015). Emerging Patterns of Mortality and Morbidity in District Level Hospitals in Bangladesh. Ann Public Health Res 2(4): 1027. Crossref
- UNDP (United Nations Development Programme). (1995). Human Development Report, New York: Oxford University Press.
- United Nations. (1996). Food Security for All, Food Security for Rural Women. Geneva: International Steering Committee on Economic Advancement of Rural Women.
- WHO (2012). Joint review of the National Malaria Control Programme, Bangladesh. India.
- World Bank. (2001). Engendering Development: Through Gender Equality in Rights, Resources, and Voice. Oxford University Press.
- World Bank, (2019)
- Worldometers ( Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2019 Revision