The Case of the Florida Lemon: Options for the Buyer or Trap for the Consumer: The Florida Motor Vehicle Warranty Enforcement Act

Journal of Economics and Business

ISSN 2615-3726 (Online)

ISSN 2621-5667 (Print)

Published: 11 December 2019

The Case of the Florida Lemon: Options for the Buyer or Trap for the Consumer: The Florida Motor Vehicle Warranty Enforcement Act

Richard J. Hunter Jr., John H. Shannon, Henry J. Amoroso

Seton Hall University, USA

Download Full-Text Pdf

10.31014/aior.1992.02.04.172

Pages: 1328-1338

Keywords: Lemon Law, Defect, Warranties, Arbitration

Abstract

The State of Florida is just one of the fifty states and the District of Columbia which have enacted a state Lemon Law. This paper outlines the provisions of the Florida statutory scheme that covers both the sale and lease of vehicles that are found to be “lemons.” The Florida Lemon Law is also known as “The Motor Vehicle Warranty Enforcement Act,” as it must be viewed in light of legal provisions relating to warranties. The Florida Lemon Law determines what defects or conditions will trigger the operation of a warranty and whether and under what circumstances the warrantor (generally, the manufacturer) may attempt to remedy or “cure” any defective condition. The paper also outlines the procedures for resolving a dispute between a dealer or automobile manufacturer and an unsatisfied customer when the customer is seeking either a refund or a replacement vehicle for a “lemon.”

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WEBSITES

  1. Auto Lemon Laws.com (2019). Lemon law topics: Arbitration - a “must read.” Available: https://www.autolemonlawsusa.com/lemonlawtopic12.html
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STATUTES AND RESTATEMENT

  1. Restatement (Third) Torts: Product Liability §§ 1-2 (1998)
  2. State of Florida. (2019). Motor Vehicle Sales Warranties, Chapter 681 (2019)
  3. UCC Section 2-104(1): Merchant
  4. UCC Section 2-201)-(10): Conspicuous
  5. UCC Section 2-201-(20): Good Faith
  6. UCC Section 2-313: Express Warranties by Affirmation, Promise, Description, Sample
  7. UCC Section 2-314: Implied Warranty: Merchantability; Usage of Trade
  8. UCC Section 2-315: Implied Warranty: Fitness for Particular Purpose
  9. UCC Section 2-316: Exclusion or Modification of Warranties
  10. UCC Section 2-508: Cure by Seller of Improper Tender or Delivery
  11. UCC Section 2-712: "Cover"; Buyer's Procurement of Substitute Goods
  12. UCC Section 2-715: Buyer’s Incidental and Consequential Damages


CASES

  1. Allen v. Holiday Kamper Co., LLC (2019). 2019 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 147079 (United States District Court for the District of South Carolina).
  2. Bieda v. Case New Holland Industries, Inc. (2019). 2019 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 171844 (United States District Court for the Western District of Pennsylvania).
  3. Boatland of Houston v. Bailey (1980). 609 S.W.2d 743 (Supreme Court of Texas).
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  6. Gilvin v. FCA USA, LLC [The Chrysler Corporation] (2019). 2019 U.S. District. LEXIS 174495 (United States District Court for the Southern District of Ohio).
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  8. Hunt v. Ferguson-Paulus Enterprises (1966). 243 Ore. 546 (Supreme Court of Oregon).
  9. Kaiser Martin Group, Inc. v. Haas Door Co. (2019). 5:19-cv-01823 (United State District Court for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania).
  10. Sheinfeld v. BMW Financial Services, NA, Inc. (2019). 2019 U.S. Dist. LEXIS (United States District Court for District of Nevada).
  11. Spruill v. Boyle-Midway, Inc. (1962). 308 F.2d 79 (United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit).
  12. Talavera v. Ford Motor Co. (2013). 932 F. Supp. 252 (United States for the District of Puerto Rico).
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