Economics and Business
ISSN 2775-9237 (Online)
Published: 24 May 2021
The Impact of Market Outlets Choice on Beekeepers’ Income in Rural Poor: A Case Study of Badakhshan Province
Badakhshan University, Afghanistan
Download Full-Text Pdf
Keywords: Market Outlet, Beekeeping, Rural Poor, Badakhshan, Afghanistan
This research carried out to uncover the effect of beekeeping on the income of rural poor and to which extent that market outlet choice affects the income of beekeepers. The findings of Multinomial Logit regression, from 129 questionnaires of 4 districts indicate that there is no relationship between market outlet choice and income of beekeepers. The income of beekeepers is mostly affected by their family size and working experience. But the factors affecting to choose the home selling market outlet is very different from those of three other channels. In order to promote the income of beekeepers, it’s recommended that the government and other involved NGOs work on arrangements on wholesale opportunities for beekeepers. Because over 102 out of 129 samples have indicated that their products aren’t sold out on time. It means that there is a huge opportunity of filling the gap of honey demand in Afghanistan by promoting the links between producers and buyers.
Abebe, A. (2009). Market Chain Analysis Of Honey Production: In Atsbi Wemberta District, Eastern Zone Of Tigray National Regional State. Haramaya: Haramaya University.
Bammann, H. (2007). Participatory value chain analysis for improved farmer incomes, employment opportunities and food security. Pacific Economic Bulletin, 22(3), 113-125.
Cappellari, L., & Jenkins, S. P. (2003). Multivariate probit regression using simulated maximum likelihood. The Stata Journal, 3(3), 278–294.
Central Statistic Organization. (2014). National Risk and Vulnerability Assessment 2011 - 2012 (Afghanistan's Living Condition Survey). Kabul: CSO.
Citizen Charter Program. (2019). www.ccnpp.org. 11 22, 2019 tarihinde http://www.ccnpp.org/PageDari.aspx?PageID=15 adresinden alındı
CSO. (2009). National Risk and Vulnerability Assessment 2007/8 A profile of Afghanistan. Kabul: ICON INSTITUTE GmbH & Co. KG Consulting Group.
Department of Agriculture and Livestock. (2020, 5 21). Management Information System. (J. Yolchi, Interviewer)
Dessie, A. B., Abate, T. M., & Mekie, T. M. (2018). Factors afecting market outlet choice of wheat producers in North Gondar Zone, Ethiopia. Agriculture & Food Security, 1-8. doi:10.1186/s40066-018-0241
Gujrati, D. (2004). Basic Econometrics 4th Edition. The McGraw-Hill Companies.
Hailu, A. (May 2016). Value Chain Analysis of Vegetables: The Case of Ejere District, West Shoa Zone, Oromia National Regional State of Ethiopia. Haramaya: Haramaya University.
IPC. (2019). IPC Acute Food Insecurity Analysis August 2019 – March 2020. Kabul: Ministry of Agriculture, Irregation and Livestock.
Kuma, B., Baker, D., Getnet, K., & Kassa, B. (2013). Factors affecting milk market outlet choices in Wolaita zone, Ethiopia. African Journal of Agricultural Marketing, 1(2), 024-031.
Lie, H., & Rich, K. M. (2016). Modeling Dynamic Processes in Smallholder Dairy Value Chains in Nicaragua: A System Dynamics Approach. International Journal of Food System Dynamics, 7(4), 328-340.
Majidi, M. (2020, 2 3). Honey production in Badakhshan province, Afghanistan. (J. Yolchi, Interviewer)
Marsden, T., Banks, J., & Bristow, G. (2000). Food Supply Chain Approaches: Exploring their Role in Rural Development. Sociologia Ruralis, 40(4), 424-438.
Miklyaev, M., Jenkins, G. P., & Barichello, R. R. (2013, 7). Honey Production in Ethiopia: A Cost-Benefit Analysis of Modern Versus Traditional Beekeeping. Development Discussion Paper.
Mitchell, J., Keane, J., & Coles, C. (2009). Trading Up: How a Value Chain Approach Can Benefit the Rural Poor. London: COPLA Global: Overseas Development Institute.
Nxumalo, K. K., Oduniyi, O. S., Antwi, M. A., & Tekana, S. S. (2019). Determinants of market channel choice utilised by maize and sunflower farmers in the North West province, South Africa. Cogent Social Sciences, 5(1), 1-18. doi:10.1080/23311886.2019.1678451
Omari, H. (2010). Analysis Of Honey Value Chain And Honey Value Adding Activities For Traditional Beekeeping: The Case Of Kongwa District, Dodoma. Morogoro, Tanzania: Sokoine University.
Otto, D., & Varner, T. (2005). Consumers, Vendors, and the Economic Importance of Iowa Farmers’ Markets: An Economic Impact Survey Analysis . Iowa: Leopold Center Pubs and Papers.
Rich, K. M., Baker, D., Negassa, A., & Ross, R. B. (2009). Concepts, Applications, and Extensions of Value Chain Analysis to Livestock Systems in Developing Countries. International Association of Agricultural Economists Conference, (s. 16-22). Beijing China.
Tadesse, A. (2011). Market Chain Analysis of Fruits for Gomma Woreda, Jimma Zone, Oromia National Regional State. Harmaya: Harmaya University.
Tarekegn, K., Haji, J., & Tegegne, B. (2017). Determinants of honey producer market outlet choice in Chena District, southern Ethiopia: a multivariate probit regression analysis. Agricultural and Food Economics, 5(20), 1-14. doi:DOI 10.1186/s40100-017-0090-0
Tura, E. B., & Hamo, T. K. (2018). Determinants of Tomato Smallholder Farmers Market outlet Choices in Wes Shewa, Ethiopia. Journal of Agricultural Economics and Rural Development, 4(2), 454-460.
Xaba, B. G., & Masuku, M. B. (2013). Factors affecting the choice of marketing channel by vegetable farmers in Swaziland. Sustainable Agriculture Research, 2(1), 112-123. doi:10.5539/sar.v2n1p112
Yamaneberhan, M. (2012). Value chain analysis of honey production. Saarbrucken, Germany: LAP Lambert Academic Publishing.