Journal of Economics and Business

ISSN 2615-3726 (Online)

ISSN 2621-5667 (Print)

Published: 01 August 2019

Towards Sustainable Water Supply: Enhancing Project Accountability Practices in Water Supply Projects Within Nairobi City County’s Informal Settlement Areas

Wanjiru R. Gichohi, Dr. Paul Sang, Dr. George Kosimbei

Kenyatta University

Download Full-Text Pdf


Pages: 642-651

Keywords: Project Sustainability, Accountability, Project Evaluation, Managerial Assessment, Transparency


Sustainability of water supply has over the years become a key concern for the global community due to water stress and scarcity attributable to climate change and other anthropogenic factors. This is especially crucial for urban areas where increased rural-urban migration has brought population increases, thus raising the demand for basic services and infrastructure. The concerted efforts of water sector stakeholders have seen to, among other strategies, the implementation of water supply projects in affected areas. In Kenya, however, the statistics show that these water supply projects have reported high failure rates with the existing systems failing to operate at full capacity. The study sought to investigate the effect on the effect of accountability on the sustainability of water supply projects in Nairobi City County's informal settlement areas. A sample of 260 project leaders of water supply projects was considered in this study. Data was collected using structured questionnaires, and both descriptive and inferential data analysis was conducted. The findings revealed that accountability has a positive and statistically significant effect on sustainability and that strengthening accountability practices such as monitoring and evaluation, managerial evaluation, and transparency would bolster project sustainability.


  1. Aarseth, W., Ahola, T., Aaltonen, K., Okland, A., & Andersen, B. (2016). Project sustainability strategies: A systematic literature review. International Journal of Project Management, 1-12.

  2. Chawla, V. K., Chanda, A. K., Angra, S., & Chawla, G. R. (2018). Sustainable project management: a review and future possibilities. Journal of Project Management, 157-170.

  3. COWI Africa. (2015). COWI Africa water and the environment. Harare: COWI, Africa.

  4. Field, A. (2013). Discovering statistics using IBM SPSS Statistics (4th ed.). New York: Sage Publications.

  5. Government of the Republic of Kenya. (2007). The Kenya Vision 2030. Retrieved from Vision 2030:

  6. Sabini, L. (2016). United Nations Sustainable Development. Retrieved from United Nations Sustainable Development:

  7. Sohath, N. (2010). Acountability and managing for results, accountability for whom? Who hold whom accountable? Phnom Penh: NGO Forum Cambodia.

  8. The World Bank. (2015). Water and Sanitiation Program Africa FY2015. Washington DC: The World Bank.

  9. The World Bank. (2016). High and dry: climate change, water and the economy. Washington DC: The World Bank.

  10. United Nations Development Group. (2011). Results-Based Management handbook: Harmonizing RBM concepts and approaches for improved development results at country level. Toronto: United Nations Development Group.

  11. Water Services Reguatory Board. (2016). Impact: A performance review of Kenya's water services sector 2014-2015. Nairobi: Water Services Reguatory Board.

  12. WaterAid. (2015). Annual Report and Financial Statements 2014-15. London: WaterAid.

  13. World Commission on Environment and Development. (1987). Report of the World Commission on Environment and Development: Our Common Future. Oslo: World Commission on Environment and Development.

About Us

The Asian Institute of Research is an online and open-access platform to publish recent research and articles of scholars worldwide. Founded in 2018 and based in Indonesia, the Institute serves as a platform for academics, educators, scholars, and students from Asia and around the world, to connect with one another. The Institute disseminates research that is proven or predicted to be of significant influence for the general public.

Stay Connected

  • Instagram - Black Circle
  • Facebook - Black Circle
  • LinkedIn - Black Circle

Contact Us

Please send all inquiries to the email:

Business Address:

5th Floor, Kavling 507, Fajar Graha Pena Tower, Jl. Urip Sumohardjo No.20, Makassar, Indonesia 90234

Copyright © 2018 The Asian Institute of Research. All rights reserved