Economics and Business
ISSN 2775-9237 (Online)
Published: 23 February 2021
Transformational Leadership and Organizational Success: Evidence from Tertiary Institutions
Okoli Ifeanyi E. Nuel, Nnabuife Ezimma K., Adani Nnenne Ifechi, Ugbo Ifeoma Emmanuella
Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Nigeria
Download Full-Text Pdf
Keywords:Transformational Leadership, Idealized Influence, Inspirational Motivation, Intellectual Stimulation, Individualized Consideration, Organizational Success
This study examined the extent to which transformational leadership dimensions affect organizational success in tertiary institutions in Anambra State Southeast Nigeria. A cross-sectional research design was employed for this study. A total of 325 staff members from each university were surveyed in this study and the total number of employees was increased to (N) 650. However, 154 usable copies of the questionnaires were finally collected and are used in the analysis of data. Data were collected using a structured questionnaire. The questionnaire was tested for reliability by using Cronbach alpha to determine the internal consistency of the items. The study used expert judgment method to determine content validity. Pearson’s product moment correlation techniques were used to analyze the data at 5% level of significance. The results showed that transformational leadership dimensions and organizational success in the selected tertiary institutions had a strong positive and significant correlation. The study concluded that leadership is a critical success factor that can bring about changes in employees and universities as a whole. The study recommended that management at all levels in the universities should provide proper self-development plan and build teamwork to ensure continued optimism and enthusiasms within their employees.
Ahmad, F., Abbas, T., Latif, S., & Rasheed, A. (2014). Impact of Transformational Leadership on Employee Motivation in Telecommunication Sector. Journal of Management, 2(2), 11-25.
Ajadi, T. O. (2010). Private Universities in Nigeria –The Challenges Ahead. American Journal of Scientific Research, 7: 15-24.
Almintisir, A. B., Akeel, A. B., & Subramaniam, I. D., (2013). The Role of Transformation Leadership Style in Motivating Public Sector Employees in Libya. Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences 7: 99-108.
Al-Quaran, A., (2015). The Impact of Transformational Leadership on Organizational Change Management: Case Study at Jordan Ahli Bank. IOSR Journal of Business and Management, 17 (12): 01-07.
Avolio, B. J, & Bass, B. M (2002). Developing Potential across a full range of Leadership: Cases on Transactional and Transformational Leadership. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
Banjeri, P., & Krishnan, V.R. (2000). Ethical preferences of transformational leaders: An empirical investigation. Leadership & Organization Development Journal, 21(8): 405-413.
Bass, B. M. & Riggio, R. E. (2006). Transformational leadership (2nded.). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc.
Bass, B. M. (1999). Two decades of research and development in Transformational Leadership. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology 8: 9-32.
Bass, B. M., & Avolio, B. J. (1994). Improving organizational effectiveness through transformational leadership. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Beare, H., Caldwell, B., & Millikan, R. (1997). Dimensions of leadership. In Megan Crawford, L. Kydd& C. Riches (Eds). Leadership and teams in educational management. Buckingham and Philadelphia: Open University Press.
Bendermacher, G. W. G., Egbrink, M. G. A.,.Wolfhagen, I. H. A. P. & Dolmans, D. H. J. M. (2016). Unraveling quality culture in higher education: A realist review. Higher Education, doi: 10.1007/s10734-015-9979-2.
Burns, J. M. (1978). Leadership, New York: Harper & Row.
Dilts, R.B. (1996). Visionary Leadership Skill: Creating a World to which People want to belong. Meta publishing.
Evelyn, D., & Hazel, G., (2015). Effects of transformational leadership on employee engagement: The mediating role of employee engagement. International Journal of Management 6: 1-8.
Gozukara, I., (2016). Leadership and Managerial Effectiveness in Higher Education. International Journal of Academic Research in Accounting, Finance and Management Sciences, 6(1): 73–82.
Khalil, S.H, & Sahibzadah, S. (2017). Leaders’ Individualized Consideration and Employees’ Job Satisfaction. Journal of Business and Tourism 3: 215-223.
Krishnan, V.R. (2005). Transformational Leadership and outcomes: Role of Relationship Duration. Leadership and Organizational Journal, 26(5/6), 442-457.
Leithwood, K., Jantzi, D., & Steinbach, R. (1999). Changing leadership for changing times. Buckingham, UK: Open University Press.
Lussier, R.N., & Achua, C.F. (2010). Leadership: Theory, application & skill development. OH: South-Western.
Marshall, E.S. (2011). Transformational Leadership in Nursing: from expert Clinician to influential Leaders. Springer Publishing.
Money. V.O., (2017). Effectiveness of Transformational Leadership Style in Secondary Schools in Nigeria. Journal of Education and Practice, 8(9): 135–140.
Naylor, J. (1999). Management. Harlow, England: Prentice Hall.
Nunnally, J.C., (1978). Psychometric theory (2nd ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill.
Ogola, M.G.O., Sikalieh, D., & Linge, T.K. (2017). The Influence of Individualized Consideration Leadership Behaviour on Employee Performance in Small and Medium Enterprises in Kenya. International Journal of Business and Social Science, 8(2): 163-173.
Okoli, I.E. (2018). Organizational Climate and Job Satisfaction among Academic Staff: Experience from Selected Private Universities in Southeast Nigeria. International Journal of Research in Business Studies and Management, 5, (12): 36-48.
Orabi, T.G.A., (2016). The Impact of Transformational Leadership Style on Organizational Performance: Evidence from Jordan. International Journal of Human Resource Studies, 6: 89-102.
Peretomode, V.F. (1991). Educational administration: Applied concept and theoretical perspective. Lagos, Nigeria: Joja Educational Research and Publishers.
Peter, G., & James, S. (2013). China: Transformational leadership for policy and product innovation. Advances in Management, 6(5).
Renjith, V., Renu, G., & George, A. (2015). Transformational Leadership in Nursing. International Journal of Scientific Research and Management Studies, 2: 112-118.
Sahibzada, S., Kakakhel, S., & Khan, A. (2016). Role of Leaders’ Idealized Influence and Inspirational Motivation on Employees’ Job Satisfaction. University of Haripur Journal of Management (UOHJM) Published by University of Haripur 1: 86-92.
Seale, O. & Cross, M. (2016). Leading and managing in complexity: The case of South African Deans. Studies in Higher Education, 41:8, 1514-1532, DOI:10.1080/03075079.2014.988705.
Shibru, B. & Darshan, G.M. (2011). Effects of Transformational Leadership on Subordinate Job Satisfaction in Leather Companies in Ethiopia. International Journal of Business Management and Economics, 2(5): 284-296.
Simola, S., Barling, J., & Turner, N. (2012). Transformational leadership and leaders’ mode of care reasoning. Journal of Business Ethics, 108(2), 229-237.
Stone, G. A., Russell, R. F., & Patterson, K. (2003). Transformational versus servant leadership: A difference in leader focus. Leadership and organizational development Journal. 25: 349-361.
Yadav, S. & Agrawal, V., (2017). Challenges Face by Transformational leader and suggestions to solve the challenges. International Journal of Research in IT and Management, 7(5): 34- 43.
Yukl, G. (2006). Leadership in organization. Hudson, New York: Pearson Education.