Journal of Economics and Business

ISSN 2615-3726 (Online)

ISSN 2621-5667 (Print)

Published: 23 September 2019

Vietnam Economic Structure and Greenhouse Gas Emission Based on Input-Output Analysis

Thai Nguyen Quang, Trinh Bui, Tuan Anh Vu

Vietnam Development Research Institute

Download Full-Text Pdf


Pages: 941-950

Keywords: Backward, Forward, Linkage, Power of Dispersion, Sensitivity of Dispersion, Greenhouse Gas


Over the years, Vietnam has a relatively high growth rate of gross domestic product (GDP) compared to other countries in the region, an average increase of 6.1% in the period of 2005 - 2016. However, the macro instability such as the budget deficit, public debt, the economy's debt is always high, the environment is more risky. In Vietnam, in the reports, even research articles are automatically admitted that the structure of Region II (industry and construction) and Region III (service) in GDP needs to grow and see it as an economic development in the right direction. From that, the idea of economic restructuring is to promote both Region II and Region III; The investment rate of this area is increasingly higher, if it is always very high in 2005 to 2015, it was around 43% in 2005 and nearly 50% in 2016, but the irony is that the value-added ratio compared to the value of production of this sector (region II) fell surprisingly fast; this ratio follows the structure of 2000, the structure of the input-output tables in 2007 of General Statistics Office of Vietnam) is 34.1%, in recent years (the structure of the new input-output tables) is only 21%. This means that this region is increasingly inefficient, resulting in an increasing amount of investment to compensate for that inefficiency. This research is based on Vietnam economic structure from the input-output table, 2012, that was published by Vietnam General Statistics Office, this research focused to analysis deeper on sectoral structure, inter-sectoral and effects induced impacts by final demand to output, value-added and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions based on the approach of input-output analysis. This study hopes to help policymakers make rational decisions for sustainable development in Vietnam


  1. CHENERY, H. B., WATANABE (1958), T. International comparisons of the structure of production. Econometrica, v. 26, n., p. 487-521, 958.
  2. Dobos, I., Floriska, A., 2005. A dynamic Leontief model with non-renewable resources. Economic Systems Research 17, 319–328.
  3. Ebiefung, A.A., Udo, G. (1999) Human factors affecting the success of advanced manufacturing systems, Ergonomic, human factors engineering, IE education, Volume 37, Issues 1–2, October 1999, Pages 297-300
  4. Guo, D. and Hewings, G. J. D. (2001). Comparative Analysis of China’s Economic Structures Between 1987 and 1997: An Input-Output Prospective. Discussion Paper at Regional Economics Applications Laboratory. Urbana.
  6. Nguyen Hong Son Service in Vietnam 2020: Towards quality, efficiency and modernity. Hanoi National University Publishing House, 2010
  7. Schoonbeek, L. (1990) The Size of the Balanced Growth Rate in the Dynamic Leontief Model, Economic Systems Research Volume 2, 1990 - Issue 4
  8. Sonis, M. and Hewings, G. J. D. (1999). Economic landscapes: Multiplier product matrix analysis for multiregional input-output systems. Hitotsubashi Journal of Economics, 40(1): 59–74.
  9. Thai, Nguyên Quang, Trinh, Bui, Anh, Vu Tuan, and Nhung, Nguyen Hong. (2019) Some Issues on Vietnam Economy. In: Journal of Economics and Business, Vol.2, No.3, 739-748.
  10. To TrungThanh, Nguyen, V. P. and Trinh Bui. (2016). Some comparisons between the Vietnam and China’s economic structure, policy implications. Advances in Management & Applied Economics, 6(3): 153-66.
  11. Trinh Bui, Kiyoshi Kobayashi, Nguyen Van Huan, Pham Le Hoa (2012) An Integrated Framework for Multi-Purposes Socio-Economic Analysis Based on Input-Output Model, British Journal of Economics, Finance and Management Sciences, Vol 4
  12. Trinh Bui and Quoc Bui “Some Problems on the Sectoral Structure, GDP Growth and Sustainability of Vietnam” Journal of Reviews on Global Economics, 2017, 6, 143-153
  13. United Nation, OECD, European commission, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, IMF, WB (2014) System of Environmental-Economic Accounting 2012-Central Framework, United Nations New York.
  14. United Nation, OECD, European commission, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, IMF, WB (2009) System of National Accounts, 2008, New York
  15. Yu Fan et al. (2016)Relationships among Depression, Anxiety, Sleep, and Quality of Life in Patients with Parkinson’s Disease in Taiwan, Hindawi Publishing Corporation Parkinson’s Disease Volume 2016, Article ID 4040185, 8 pages
  16. Wassily, L. (1941). Structure of the American economy, 1919-1929. Harvard University Press: Cambridge Mass.
  17. Wassily, L. (1970) Environmental Repercussions and the Economic Structure: An Input-Output Approach, The Review of Economics and Statistics, 1970, vol. 52, issue 3, 262-71

About Us

The Asian Institute of Research is an online and open-access platform to publish recent research and articles of scholars worldwide. Founded in 2018 and based in Indonesia, the Institute serves as a platform for academics, educators, scholars, and students from Asia and around the world, to connect with one another. The Institute disseminates research that is proven or predicted to be of significant influence for the general public.

Contact Us

Please send all inquiries to the email:

Business Address:

5th Floor, Kavling 507, Fajar Graha Pena Tower, Jl. Urip Sumohardjo No.20, Makassar, Indonesia 90234

Copyright © 2018 The Asian Institute of Research. All rights reserved

Stay Connected

  • Instagram - Black Circle
  • Facebook - Black Circle
  • LinkedIn - Black Circle