Journal of Health and Medical Sciences
Published: 10 March 2020
A Family History as Dominant Factors Associated with Dysmenorrhea Among Adolescents
Wiam Rifati, Trini Sudiarti
Universitas Indonesia, Indonesia
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Keywords: Adolescents, Breakfast Habits, Dysmenorrhea, Family History
Menstrual pain that can be felt like cramps in the lower middle abdomen, pelvic pain, bloated, and nausea. This study aims to determine the dominant factors associated with dysmenorrhea in adolescents. A cross-sectional study was conducted among 177 female students in High School 5 Bekasi, West Java, Indonesia. The multistage sampling method was used to select the subject. Data is collected by anthropometry measurement for weight and height. A self-administered questionnaire for age, physical activity, breakfast habits, family history of dysmenorrhea, menstrual duration, and stress data. Data were analyzed using Chi-square, two-mean difference, correlation, and multiple logistic regression analysis. The result showed that 85.9% of respondents had dysmenorrhea. Significant associations were found between dysmenorrhea and breakfast habits (p = 0.044, OR = 1.3), and family history of dysmenorrhea (p = <0.001, OR = 6.8). The conclusion of this study family history of dysmenorrhea was the dominant determinant for dysmenorrhea among adolescents (OR=6.80) after controlling age of menarche and brekfast habits.
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