A Quantitative Descriptive Cross Sectional Study About Knowledge Levels of Drug Resistant Tuberculosis Among the Residents of Port Elizabeth, Eastern Cape Province, South Africa

Journal of Health and Medical Sciences

ISSN 2622-7258

Published: 20 November 2018

A Quantitative Descriptive Cross Sectional Study About Knowledge Levels of Drug Resistant Tuberculosis Among the Residents of Port Elizabeth, Eastern Cape Province, South Africa

Thanduxolo Elford Fana, Edwin Ijeoma, John Eyles

University of the Witwatersrand, South Africa

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10.31014/aior.1994.01.01.5

Abstract

Background: A high level of knowledge about Multi-Drug Resistant Tuberculosis is very important for TB prevention and control among community members. Objective: The aim of this study was to assess knowledge levels of Multi-Drug Resistant Tuberculosis among the residents of Port Elizabeth. Material and methods: A quantitative descriptive cross sectional study was conducted. The research sample consisted of 400 residents (190 males and 210 females) who were purposefully and conveniently selected in Port Elizabeth. Four point likert scale close-ended questionnaires were used to collect data. Results: The majority (56%) of the residents of Port Elizabeth had poor knowledgeable levels about Multi-Drug Resistant Tuberculosis. Secondly, more females and adults showed poor knowledge levels of Multi-Drug Resistant Tuberculosis than males and youth. Conclusion: Participants had poor knowledge and misconceptions about the disease. More adults and females were more vulnerable and at risk of infection than youth and males. There is a need for increased coverage and develop educational material in different languages that are appropriate for the various levels of literacy. The aims of the MDR-TB de-centralisation was to improve access and acceptability. Acceptability can be achieved if people have proper knowledge about the disease and hence a need to scale up education interventions, the involvement of the infected and traditional practitioners in the delivery of such interventions.

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