Assessment of Menstrual Hygiene Practices and its Associated Factors among Adolescent Students in Batu High School in Batu Town, East Shewa, Ethiopia: A Descriptive School-Based Cross-Sectional Study

Journal of Health and Medical Sciences

ISSN 2622-7258

Published: 06 December 2018

Assessment of Menstrual Hygiene Practices and its Associated Factors among Adolescent Students in Batu High School in Batu Town, East Shewa, Ethiopia: A Descriptive School-Based Cross-Sectional Study

Frehiwot Bekele (BSc), Masresha Leta Serbesa (BSc, MSc), Sr. Maleda Tefera Iffa (BSc, MSc)

Batu Hospital, Harar Health Science College, Haramaya University

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10.31014/aior.1994.01.01.9

Abstract

Background: Menstrual hygiene management has not received adequate attention in the reproductive health sectors in developing countries which in turn contribute to poor menstrual hygiene practices in these countries. Objectives: To assess menstrual hygiene practices and associated factors among adolescent female students in Batu high schools in Batu town, East Showa, Ethiopia. Methods: A descriptive school-based cross-sectional study was conducted from May 25 to June 25, 2017, G.C, in Batu Town. A total of 310 adolescent’s girls ‘were participated in the study. Participants were selected by systematic sampling technique in every Kth = 9th. Result: Majority 218 (79.6%) of the adolescents have heard about menstruation before menarche, and the main sources of information about menstruation were 166 (60.6%) from friends. Majority of the participants 183(66.8%) practiced good menstrual hygiene, and 250 (91.2%) of adolescent girls were using sanitary pads as menstrual absorbent, while 10 (3.6%) were using a piece of clothes. A significant association was found between residence (P=0.001), parents' educational status (P=0.008), religion (P=0.001), family monthly income (P=0.019), types of sanitary materials (P=0.006) and menstrual hygiene practices. Conclusion and Recommendation: This study has highlighted the need of adolescent girls to have accurate and adequate information about menstruation and its appropriate management. Formal as well as informal channels of communication such as mothers, sisters, and friends, need to be emphasized for the delivery of such information.

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