Journal of Health and Medical Sciences

ISSN 2622-7258

Published: 16 September 2019

Child's Eating Behavior: A Difficulty that Needs be Known and Overcome

Luiz Antonio Del Ciampo, Ieda Regina Lopes Del Ciampo

University of São Paulo, Federal University of São Carlos (Brazil)

pdf download

Download Full-Text Pdf

10.31014/aior.1994.02.03.58

Pages: 358-367

Keywords: Food Neophobia, Picky Eating, Eating Behavior, Child Nutrition

Abstract

Eating is one of the priorities of the body to stay alive, it is an instinctive act only in the first weeks of life and that, after that period, should become a learned behavior. During the first thousand days of life the child evolves through some stages related to feeding starting with nutrition through the umbilical cord in the intrauterine period, passing through a phase of exclusive liquid intake during the first six months of life, and then begin to receive other types of food that will challenge your senses and enhance your development until it is integrated into the family's food routine. In a short time, the child should learn how to eat, what to eat, and how much to eat to meet all of their physical and emotional needs. One of the problems that most often arise during childhood is the child that does not eat, leading to exaggerated concerns from family members. This article presents the main events related to feeding, from the characterization of hunger/appetite, the importance of chewing and swallowing processes during the child's neuromotor and emotional development, food selectivity and neophobia and the basic principles that must be observed to the child is fed correctly.

References

  1. Abrahamse E, Minekus M, van Aken GA, van de Heijning B, Knol J, Bartke N et al. (2012) Development of the digestive system – experimental challenges and approaches of infant lipid digestion. Food Dig 3:63-77.

  2. Anderson GH, Hunschede S, Akilen R, Kubant R. (2016) Physiology of fodd intake control in children. Adv Nutr 7(suppl):2325-2340.

  3. Arantes ALA, Neves FS, Campos AAL, Netto MP. (2018) The baby-led weaning method (BLW) in the context of complementary feeding: a review. Rev Paul Pediatr 36:353-363.

  4. Birch LL, Doub AE. (2014) Learning to eat: birth to age 2 y. Am J Clin Nutr  99(suppl):723S-728S.

  5. Blisset J, Foggel A. (2013) Intrinsic and extrinsic influences on children’s acceptance of new foods. Physiol Behav 121:89-95.

  6. Borowitz KC, Borowitz SM. (2018) Feeding problems in infants and children. Pediatr Clin N Am 65:59-72.

  7. Brunk L, Moller P. (2019) Do children prefer colored plates? Food Qual Pref 73:65-74.

  8. Cano SC, Hoek HW, Bryant-Waugh R. (2018) Picky eating: the current state of research. Curr Opin Psychiatry 28:448-454.

  9. Cashdan E. (1994) A sensitive period for learning about food. Hum Nat 5:279-291.

  10. Caton SJ, Blundell P, Ahern SM, Nekitsing C, Olsen A, Moller P et al. (2014) Learning to eat vegetables in early life: the role of timing, age and individual eating traits. PLOSone  9:e97609.

  11. Chao HC. (2018) Association of picky eating with growth, nutritional status, development, physical activity, and health in preschool children. Front Pediatr 12:22-28.

  12. Chambers AP, Sandoval DA, Seely RJ. (2013) Integration of saciety signals by the central nervous system. Curr Biol 23:R379-R398.

  13. Cole NC, An R, Lee S, Donovan SM. (2017) Correlates of picky eating and food neophobia in young children: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Nutr Rev 75:516–532.

  14. Cooke L, Higgins C, McCrann U. (2017) Managing common feeding difficulties in toddlers and pre-schooll children. Paediatr Chil Health 27:366-373.

  15. Damiani D, Damiani D. (2011) Appetitte brain sinalization. Rev Bras Clin Med 9:138-145.

  16. Damsbo-Svedsen M, Frost MB, Olsen A. (2017) Development of novel tools to measure food neophobia in children. Appetite 113:255-263.

  17. D’Auria E, Bergamini M, Staiano A, Banderali G, Pendezza E, Penagini F et al. (2018) Baby-led weaning: what a systematic review of the literature adds on. Ital J Pediatr 44:49-60.

  18. De Cosmi V, Scagiloni S, Agostini C. (2017) Early taste experiences and later food choises. Nutrients 9:107-115.

  19. DeCosta P, Møllera P, Frøst MB, Olsen A. (2017) Changing children's eating behaviour - A review of experimental research. Appetite 113:327-357.

  20. DeJesus JM, Gelmanbc SA, Herold I, Lumeng JC. (2019) Children eat more food when they prepare it themselves. Appetite 133:305-312.

  21. Demattè ML, Endrizzi I, Gasperi F. (2014) Food neophobia and its relation with olfaction. Front Psychol 5:1-5.

  22. Dovey TM, Staples PA, Gibson L, Halford CG. (2008) Food neophobia and “picky/fussy” eating in children: a review. Appetite 50:181-193.

  23. Field DG, Seiverling L. (2010) Food refusal in children: A review of the literature. Res Develop Disab 31:625-633.

  24. Gavião MBD, Raymundo VG, Sobrinho LC. (2001) Masticatory efficiency in children with primary dentition. Am Acad Ped Dent 6:499-506.

  25. González MASJ, Fernández PM. (2018) El niño mal comedor y la importancia de um buen comienzo. Bol Pediatr 58:107-116.

  26. Green JR, Moore CA, Ruark JL, Rodda PR, Morvée WT, VanWitzenburg MJ. (1997) Development of chewing in children from 12 to 48 months: longitudinal study of EMG patterns. J Neurophysiol 77:2704-2716.

  27. Gregory JE, Paxton SJ, Brozovic AM. (2011) Maternal feeding practices predict fruit and vegetables consumption in young children: results of a 12-month longitudinal study. Appetite 57:167-172.

  28. Harada M, Amariglio N, Wills H, Koolwijk I. (2019)  Feeding issues in young children. Adv Ped 66:123-145.

  29. Harris G, Mason S. (2017) Are there sensitive periods for food acceptance in infancy? Curr Nutr Rep 6:190-196.

  30. Johnson SL, Davies PL, Boles RE, Gavin WJ, Bellows LL. (2015) Young children’s food neophobia characteristics and sensory behaviors are related to their food intake. J Nutr;145:2610-2616.

  31. Kerzner B, Milano K, MacLean WC, Berall G, Stuart S, Chatoor I. (2015) A practical approach to classifying and managing feeding difficulties. Pediatrics 135:344-354.

  32. Lafraire J, Rioux C, Giboreau A, Picard D. (2016) Food rejections in children: cognitive and social/environmental factors involved in food neophobia and picky/fussy eating behavior. Appetite 96:347-357.

  33. Lam J. (2015) Picky eating in children. Front Ped 3:1-3.

  34. Largo RH, Fischer JE, Rousson V. (2003) Neuromotor development from kindergarten age to adolescence: developmental course and variability. Swiss Med Wkly 133:193-199.

  35. Lefton-Greif MA, Sharon A. McGrath-Morrow SA. (2007) Deglutition and Respiration: Development, Coordination, and Practical Implication. Sem Speech Lang 28:166-179.

  36. Leung AKC, Marchand V, Sauve RS. (2012) The “picky eater”: the toddler preschooler who does not eat. Paediatr Child Health 17:455-465.

  37. Lucas PW, Prinz JF, Agrawal KR, Bruce IC. (2004) Food texture and its effect on ingestion, mastication and swallowing. J Tex Stud 35:159-170.

  38. Madeira IR, Aquina LA. (2003) Difficulties in the management of sleep and eating disorders. J Pediatr (Rio J) 79(suppl 1):S43-S54.

  39. Maiz E, Urdaneta E, Allirot X. (2018) La importancia de involucrar a niños y niñas en la preparación de las comidas. Nutr Hosp 35(suppl4):136-139.

  40. Marty L, Chambaron S, Nicklaus S, Monnery-Patris S. (2018) Learned pleasure from eating: an opportunity to promote healthy eating children? Appetite 120:265-274.

  41. Morley JE, Levine AS. (1985) Appetite regulation. Modern concepts offering food thought. Postgrad Med 77:42-48.

  42. Nicklaus S. (2016) The role of food experiences during early childhood in food pleasure learning. Appetite 104:3-9.

  43. Nicklaus S. (2017) The role of dietary experience in the development of eating behavior during the first years of life. Ann Nutr Metab 70:241-245.

  44. Ong C, Phuah KY, Salazar E, How CH. (2014) Managing the “picky eater” dilemma. Singapore Med J 55:184-190.

  45. Orrel-Valente JK, Hill LG, Brechwald WA, Dodge KA, Pettit GS, Bates JE. (2007) Just three more bites: an observational analysis of parents’ socialization of children’s eating mealtime. Appetite 48:37-45.

  46. Owen J, Metcalfe A, Dryden C, Shipton G. (2010) If they don’t eat it, it’s not a proper meal: images of risk and choice in fathers’ accounts of family food practices. Health Risk Soc 12:395-406.

  47. Ramos M, Stein LM. (2000) Development of children’s eating behavior. J Pediatr (Rio J) 76(suppl3):S229-S237.

  48. Rapley G, Forste R, Cameron S, Brown A, Wright C. (2015) Baby-led weaning a new frontier. ICAN 7:77-85.

  49. Rodriguez-Tadeo A, Villena BP, Urquidez-Romero R, Vidaña-Gaytan ME, Caston MJP, Berruezo GR et al. (2015) Neofobia alimentaria: impacto sobre los hábitos alimentarios y aceptación de alimentos saludables em usuários de comedores escolares. Nutr Hosp 31:260-268.

  50. Ross ES. (2017) Flavor and taste development in the first years of life. Nestle Nutr Inst Workshop Ser 87:49-58.

  51. Samuel TM, Musa-Veloso K, Ho M, Venditti C, Shahkhalili-Dulloo Y. (2018) A Narrative review of childhood picky eating and its relationship to food intakes, nutritional status, and growth. Nutrients 10:1992-2021.

  52. Savage JS, Fisher JO, Birch LL. (2007) Parental influence on eating behavior: conception to adolescence. J Law Med Eth 53:22-34.

  53. Smith AM, Roux S, Naido NT, Venter DJL. (2005) Food choises of tactile defensive children. Nutrition 21:14-19.

  54. Spira G, Kupietzky A. (2005) Oral defensiveness: children with a dysfunction of sensory regulation. J Clin Ped Dent 29:119-123.

  55. Steinsbekk S, Boneville-Roussy A, Fildes A, Llewellyn CH, Wichstrom L. (2017) Child and parent predictors of picky eating from preschool to school age. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act 14:87-95.

  56. Stevenson RD, Allaire JH. (1991) The development of normal feeding and swallowing. Pediatr Clin North Am 38:1439-1453.

  57. Stoica M, Alexe P. (2016) Factors influencing food neophobia. A brief review. J Res Trade, Manag Econ Dev 3:35-41.

  58. Taylor CM, Wernimont SM, Northstone K, Emmett PM. (2015) Picky/fussy in children: review of definitions, assessment, prevalence and dietary intakes. Appetite 95:349-359.

  59. Taylor CM, Emmet PM. (2019) Picky eating in children: causes and consequences. Proc Nutr Soc 78:161-169.

  60. Victora CG, Bahl R, Barros AJD, França GVA, Horton S, Krasevec J et al. (2016) Breastfeeding in the 21st century: epidemiology, mechanisms, and lifelong eff ect. Lancet 387:475-490.

  61.  

  62. Yan HR. (2017) How to approach feeding difficulties in young children. Korean J Pediatr 60:3719-384.

  63. Wadhera D, Phillips EDC, Wilkie LM. (2015) Teaching children to like and eat vegetables. Appetite 93:75-84.

  64. Walton K, Kuczynski L, Haycraft E, Breen A, Haines J. (2017) Time to re-think picky eating? a relational approach to understanding picky eating. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act 14:62-69.

  65. Weiss-Salinas D, Williams N. (2001) Sensory defensiveness: a theory of its effect on breastfeeding. J Hum Lac 17:145-152.

  66. Wickewire NA, Gibbs CH, Jacobson P, Lundeen HC. (1981) Chewing patterns in normal children. Angle Orthodon 51:48-60.

  67. Williams AM, Suchdev PS. (2017) Assessing and Improving Childhood Nutrition and Growth Globally. Pediatr Clin North Am 64:755-768.

About Us

The Asian Institute of Research is an online and open-access platform to publish recent research and articles of scholars worldwide. Founded in 2018 and based in Indonesia, the Institute serves as a platform for academics, educators, scholars, and students from Asia and around the world, to connect with one another. The Institute disseminates research that is proven or predicted to be of significant influence for the general public.

Stay Connected

  • Instagram - Black Circle
  • Facebook - Black Circle
  • LinkedIn - Black Circle

Contact Us

Please send all inquiries to the email:

editorial@asianinstituteofresearch.org

Business Address:

5th Floor, Kavling 507, Fajar Graha Pena Tower, Jl. Urip Sumohardjo No.20, Makassar, Indonesia 90234

Copyright © 2018 The Asian Institute of Research. All rights reserved