Journal of Health and Medical Sciences

ISSN 2622-7258

Published: 12 June 2020

Combinations of Workplace Stressors and Work- Related Injuries

Ben T. Wellens, Andrew P. Smith

Cardiff University

pdf download

Download Full-Text Pdf


Pages: 208-215

Keywords: Occupational Medicine, Accidents, Noise, Working Hours, Combined Effects


Consideration of factors associated with increased accident likelihood has tended to concentrate on the influence of one specific factor (for example, noise) and other influences are either not considered or are controlled for. The aim here was to examine the influence of combinations of stressors on the prevalence of workplace accidents using self-report measures of exposure, health and work outcomes. Logistic regression analyses were carried out, with 'work-related/non-work-related accident' as the dependent variable. The main predictors were combinations of physical agents (noise, fumes, hazardous substances) and temporal stressors (night and shift work, long working hours). Additional predictors - the job demand-control-support model (Karasek 1979; Johnson and Hall 1988) and home-work interface (HWI) were also investigated. Other measured predictors (i.e., age, sex and social class based on occupation) were included in all analyses. There was some evidence for an increased likelihood of work-related accidents in those exposed to combinations of stressors - increased likelihood was largely due to independent effects of stressors, particularly noise. Certain stressors were also associated with a decreased risk of having a work-related accident (i.e. unpredictable work hours). Job-demand-control-support did not have a major impact on predicting work-/nonwork-related accident likelihood. Prevalence of accidents at work largely reflected social class based on occupation - 'skilled manual workers' or 'partly skilled workers' were most likely to have an accident.


  1. Folkard, S. (1997). Black times: Temporal determinants of transport safety. Accid Anal Prev,29, 417 430.

  2. Johnson, J.V. & Hall, E.M. (1998). Job strain, work place social support, and cardiovascular disease: A cross-sectional study of a random sample of the Swedish working population. Am J Public Health, 78, 1336- 1342.

  3. Karasek, R.A. (1979). Job demands, job decision latitude, and mental strain: Implications for job redesign. Administrative Science Quarterly, 24, 285 -311.

  4. Marmot, M.G., Davey Smith, G., Stansfeld, S.A., Patel, C., North, F., Head, J., White, I., Brunner, E. & Feeney, A. (1991). Health inequalities among British civil servants: the Whitehall II study. Lancet, 337, 1387- 1393.

  5. Matthews, G., Davies, D.R., Westerman, S.J. & Stammers, R.B. (2000). Human performance: Cognition, stress and individual differences. Psychology Press, London.

  6. Smith, A.P. (1990). Noise, performance efficiency and safety. Int Arch Occup Environ Health, 62, 1 –5.

  7. Smith, A.P., Johal, S.S., Wadsworth, E., Davey-Smith, G. & Peters, T. (2000). The scale of occupational stress: The Bristol stress and health at work study. HSE Books Report 265/2000.

  8. Sparks, K., Cooper, C., Fried, Y. & Shirom, A. (1997). The effects of hours of work on health: A meta-analytic review. J Occup Organiz Psychol, 70, 391- 408.

About Us

The Asian Institute of Research is an online and open-access platform to publish recent research and articles of scholars worldwide. Founded in 2018 and based in Indonesia, the Institute serves as a platform for academics, educators, scholars, and students from Asia and around the world, to connect with one another. The Institute disseminates research that is proven or predicted to be of significant influence for the general public.

Contact Us

Please send all inquiries to the email:

Business Address:

5th Floor, Kavling 507, Fajar Graha Pena Tower, Jl. Urip Sumohardjo No.20, Makassar, Indonesia 90234

Copyright © 2018 The Asian Institute of Research. All rights reserved

Stay Connected

  • Instagram - Black Circle
  • Facebook - Black Circle
  • LinkedIn - Black Circle