Journal of Health and Medical Sciences
Published: 24 June 2022
Depression and Its Associated Factors among Diabetes Mellitus Patients Attending the primary health care centers in United Arab Emirates: A Cross-Sectional Study
Samia Farghaly, Nehad Mahdy, Mohamed Hussein, Aisha Hussain, Afra Fahed, Aisha Matar, Amna, Aysha Hasan, Fatima, Haneen, Latifa, Lubna Alwawi, Maha, Mariam Yousif, Maryam Anas, Manar, Mona Mohammed, Mona Faramawy, Razan Ali, Sally, Sara, Sura
Dubai Medical College, Dubai Health Authority
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Keywords: Diabetes Mellitus, Depression, Immune System, Glycemic Control
Diabetes mellitus (DM) and depression are major global public health problems. Depression negatively affects the course of DM through hormonal, neuronal, or immune system changes that directly affect the body's ability to produce or use insulin. The coexistence of depression with DM also results in poor glycemic control by causing poor self-care behaviors such as lack of physical activity. The coexistence of depression with DM also results in poor glycemic control. The study aimed to assessing depression and Its associated Factors among diabetes mellitus patients attending the primary health care centers in United Arab Emirates. This study was conducted on 463 diabetic patients attended the primary health care centers during 8th may to 26th may, 2021. Nine primary health care centers were selected according to the accessibility. The Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) was selected of the actual 9 criteria upon which the diagnosis of DSM-IV (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition) depressive disorders is based. Our study showed that there was non-significant difference in depression Levels between non-smokers and smokers, there was non-significant difference in depression Levels and education levels, there was significant difference in depression Levels and marital status, non-significant difference in depression Levels and nationality, non-significant difference in depression Levels and type of diabetes. Conclusion based on this study the prevalence of depression among female diabetes mellitus was high. From this study we concluded that depression levels: non-depressed, mild depression, moderate depression, moderately and severe depression are high in married participants comparing with single, divorced and widow participants
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