Journal of Health and Medical Sciences
Published: 10 February 2021
Factors Underlying Perceptions of Quality of Life Among Acne Patients in R. N. Macedonia
Ljupcho Efremov, Aneta Petrusevska, Vera Dimitrievska, Valentina Simonovska
University of American College Skopje (Republic of North Macedonia), MIT University (Republic of North Macedonia), University of American College Skopje (Republic of North Macedonia), University “Goce Delchev” Shtip (Republic of North Macedonia)
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Keywords: Acne Patients, Perceptions, Quality of Life, Factors
Introduction: Acne vulgaris is a disorder of the pilosebaceous units. It is a chronic inflammatory dermatosis notable for open/closed comedones, papules, pustules, nodules. It is characterized by open comedones, closed comedones and pustular nodules. Aim of study: To examine factors underlying the quality of life of people with acne. Materials and method: A total of 576 respondents were included in the study. Acne specific Quality of Life questionnaire was used for this purpose. A prospective cross-sectional study was conducted, performed in private dermatological clinic as well as on-line. All analyses were conducted by using the SPSS.26 for Windows. Results and Discussion: 5.7 % were males and 94.3 percent were females. About 69.4% were aged between 15-25; 16.7 % between 26 to 30; 8.8% between 31 to 35 years old. Quality of life and emotional perception towards the social environment is demonstrated by the three components (self-perception of discomfort, functionality, and social factor). The reliability levels for the three components were .858 for self-perception of discomfort, .779 for functionality and .745 for the social factor. The factor analysis discovered three underlying factors: self-perception of discomfort, social factor and functionality in daily life. Conclusion: The findings confirm the general notion that people with acne have problems in quality of life and therefore special attention to psychological intervention should be given in the treatment of acne.
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