Asian Institute of Research, Journal Publication, Journal Academics, Education Journal, Asian Institute
Asian Institute of Research, Journal Publication, Journal Academics, Education Journal, Asian Institute

Journal of Health and Medical Sciences

ISSN 2622-7258

Screen Shot 2018-08-12 at 1.24.09 AM.png
Screen Shot 2018-08-12 at 1.24.02 AM.png
Screen Shot 2018-08-12 at 1.23.57 AM.png
Screen Shot 2018-08-12 at 1.23.52 AM.png
crossref
doi
open access

Published: 23 September 2019

Indigenous Health Practices of the Naga People: Continuity and Change

Watienla, Toshimenla Jamir

Nagaland University, India

journal of social and political sciences
pdf download

Download Full-Text Pdf

doi

10.31014/aior.1994.02.03.61

Pages: 373-385

Keywords: Christianization, Indigenous Medicines, Medical Plurality, Nagas, Supernatural

Abstract

For many indigenous people, health is not merely absence of disease but a state of spiritual, communal, and ecosystem equilibrium and well-being. The indigenous concept of health hence articulates physical, mental, spiritual, and emotional elements, from both individual and communal points of view, and involves political, economic, social, and cultural aspects. The health care activities of the indigenous people are often embedded in the traditional beliefs, customs, folklore, taboos, and prescriptions. Like in most indigenous communities, the living traditions of health care exist in Naga society too, which are passed down orally from generation to generation. They have age-old knowledge of preparation and administration of medicines for different diseases using ingredients sourced from roots, barks, leaves, fruits as well as animal derivatives and other natural minerals. Healing rituals employed for invoking the intervention of supernatural forces are an integral component of the treatment procedure. On the whole traditional medicine helped the Naga people to effectively maintain an efficient health care system long before the arrival of the modern medical system. The current existence of a plurality of health care system in the Naga society brings to the fore the question of relevance and continuity of the indigenous health care system which have served the people well for millennia.

References

  1. Akram, Mohammad, 2014. Sociology of Health. New Delhi: Rawat Publications.
  2. Ao, A. Bendangyabang, 2004. History of Christianity in Nagaland: Social Change (1872-1972). Bangalore: Shalom Ministry Publication.
  3. Boban K, Jose, 1998. Tribal Ethnomedicine: Continuity and Change. New Delhi: A.P.H. Publishing Corporation.
  4. Guite, Nemthianngai, 2011. Indigenous Medicine and Health Care Among Paite Tribe of Manipur. New Delhi: Concept Publishing Company Pvt. Ltd.
  5. Guite, Nemthianngai, 2014. Indigenous medicinal substance use in Manipur: an exploratory study with special reference to 1990’s. Retrieved on 16/04/14 from http://hdl.handle.net/10603/31592.
  6. Henshet, B., 2000. The Phom-Naga Indigenous Religion (A Socio-Philosophical Perspective). Nagaland: Yingli College Longleng.
  7. Henry, Nikhila, 2015, September 12. ‘The secret addiction in old Hyderabad’. The Hindu, retrieved on 10/12/17 from https://www.thehindu.com/features/magazine/nikhila-henry-on-the-stoneeaters-of-hyderabad/article7641379.ece.
  8. Kath, Phanenno & Joseph H. Thong, 2011. Glimpses of Naga legacy and culture, ETC, Jorhat, Assam.
  9. Maps of India. (n.d.). About Nagaland. Retrieved on 28/02/17 from https://www.mapsofindia.com/nagaland/.
  10. Murdock, George Peter. (1980). Theories of Illness: A world Survey. London: University of Pittsburgh Press.
  11. Nagaland State Human Development Report, 2016. Government of Nagaland and UNDP
  12. Government of Nagaland. (n.d.). About Nagaland. Retrieved on 28/02/17 from https://www.nagaland.gov.in/portal/StatePortal/UsefulLinks/Census.
  13. Sujatha, V., 2014. Sociology of Health and Medicine (New Perspectives). New Delhi: Oxford University Press.