Journal of Health and Medical Sciences

ISSN 2622-7258

Published: 19 December 2019

Knowledge of Road Signs and Attitude to Safety Measures Among Public Secondary School Students in Jos Nigeria

Wasiu O. Adebimpe, Daniel Dabo, Joy A. Osifo, Demilade Ibirongbe, Dooshima Gbahabo, Afusat Adesina

University of Medical Sciences, Lautech Ogbomosho, University of Lagos, Family Health International, Nigeria

pdf download

Download Full-Text Pdf


Pages: 524-531

Keywords: Road Signs, Safety Measures, Road Traffic Accident, Secondary School Students/Adolescents


Introduction: Road traffic crashes are common worldwide. However, most attention on RTA prevention has been focused on secondary and tertiary prevention. This study was undertaken to assess knowledge of road signs and attitudes to safety measures among secondary school students in Jos, Nigeria. Methodology: Descriptive cross-sectional study among 800 secondary school students selected using a multistage sampling method. Research instruments used were semi-structured interviewer-administered pre-tested questionnaires. Data were analyzed using the SPSS software version 23.0. Mean scores were generated for the major outcome variables of knowledge of road signs and knowledge and attitude to safety measures. Results: Mean age of respondents was 13.0+ 8.4 years, while the parents of 500(62.5%) of them had a vehicle. Correct knowledge of signs of corner bends was 417(52.1%), and traffic lights 579 (72.4%). Good mean knowledge of road signs and safety measures was 55% and 78%, respectively. Predictors of good knowledge of road signs include being a female, older age, and parents having a vehicle. Conclusion: Knowledge and attitude gaps still exist, and stakeholders in RTA prevention should prioritize the sensitization of the students amidst other primordial prevention strategies.


  1. Adogu, O.U., Ilika, A.L. (2006). Knowledge of and attitude towards road traffic codes among commercial motorcycle riders in Anambra State, Nigeria Postgradmed. 13:297-300.
  2. Blincoe, LJ, Seay A, Zaloshnja, E. (2002). The Economic Impact of Motor Vehicle Crashes (DOT HS 809 446) Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration; 56-62.
  3. Federal Road Safety Corps. (2012). Nigeria Road Safety Strategy (NRSS). 2012 – 2016.
  4. Jha, N., Srinivasa, D.K., Roy, G., Tagdish, S., Minocha, R.K. (2004). Epidemiological study of road traffic accident cases: A case study from South India. India J. Community Med.29, 20.4.
  5. Kulkarni, V., Kanchan, T., Palanivel, C., Papanna, M. K., Kumar, N., Unnikrishnan, B. (2012). Awareness and practice of road safety measures among undergraduate medical students in South Indian State. Medical Journal of Forensic Medicine. May 20(4):226-9.
  6. Maha, A., Kavi, B., Majid, C., Joshua, S., Micheal, R. (2007). A risk-based method for modelling Traffic Fatalities. Risk analysis, vol 27, No 1. 104-113.
  7. Mahawar P, Dixit S, Khatri AK, Rokade R, Bhurre, R, Kirar S, et al. (2013). An Educational invention to improve awareness on road safety: A study among school going teenager in Indore. Nat J Comm Med. 4(3):529:32.
  8. Raj, T. S., Dandona, L., Dandona, R., Kumar, G. A. (2006). Pattern of road traffic injuries in vulnerable population in Hydrerabad, India inj, prev. 12. 183-8.
  9. Ranjan D.P., Fahim M.A., Kirte R.C. (2018). A cross sectional study to assess the knowledge, attitude and practice towards road traffic safety among adolescent students of a selected Pre-University college in Raichur city. International Journal of Community Medicine and Public Health, 5(6):2446-2452.
  10. Ritaparna, L (2004). A policy on Geometric Design of Highways and Streets. Washington D.C: American Officials.
  11. United Nation (2009). The transport situation in Africa. Economic and social council commission of Africa. Sixth session of the committee on trade’ regional cooperation and trade. E/ECA/CTRCI/5/3:1 Oct, 2009.
  12. WHO (2015). Global status report on road safety 2015. Geneva: World Health Organization. Retrieved 17 July, 2017. Available at

About Us

The Asian Institute of Research is an online and open-access platform to publish recent research and articles of scholars worldwide. Founded in 2018 and based in Indonesia, the Institute serves as a platform for academics, educators, scholars, and students from Asia and around the world, to connect with one another. The Institute disseminates research that is proven or predicted to be of significant influence for the general public.

Stay Connected

  • Instagram - Black Circle
  • Facebook - Black Circle
  • LinkedIn - Black Circle

Contact Us

Please send all inquiries to the email:

Business Address:

5th Floor, Kavling 507, Fajar Graha Pena Tower, Jl. Urip Sumohardjo No.20, Makassar, Indonesia 90234

Copyright © 2018 The Asian Institute of Research. All rights reserved