Journal of Health and Medical Sciences
Published: 26 May 2023
Nutritional Knowledge and Dietary Diversity of Post-menopausal Women in Rural Areas of Bangladesh
Nurjahan Akter, Fariha Haseen, Md. Hasan, Kamran ul Baset, Hridi, Umme Haney, Syfunnahar Bristi, Syed Shariful Islam
Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University (Bangladesh), Independent University (Bangladesh)
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Keywords: Dietary Diversity, Dietary Diversity Score (DDS), Nutritional Knowledge, Post-Menopausal Women
Background: Nutrition has a significant impact on the health of post-menopausal women. An appropriate dietary plan provides women with the necessary nutrients to maximize their activity and help minimize chronic diseases that may arise after menopause. The objective of the study was to assess the nutritional knowledge and dietary diversity of post-menopausal women in the rural area of Bangladesh. Materials and methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among post-menopausal women aged 45 to 60. A sampling frame of 167 post-menopausal women was created by visiting each household, and 101 participants were chosen randomly from this frame. Face-to-face interviews were used to gather data. The body mass index (BMI) was used to evaluate nutritional status. To gather dietary data and calculate dietary diversity scores, a 24-hour dietary recall questionnaire was used. Knowledge score was used to gauge nutrition-related knowledge. Result: The average nutrition knowledge score was 8.55 out of 13. Knowledge has a statistically significant effect on the dietary diversity of post-menopausal women (P< 0.015). In this study, BMI was 41 percent, within the normal range, 35 percent were overweight, and 22 percent were obese. Around 45 percent of the respondents had a low dietary diversity score. There was a weak association between BMI and dietary diversity (P> 0.077). Almost 90 percent of women experienced menopausal problems, and 25 percent had inadequate knowledge about menopause. Conclusion: Knowledge of nutrition is associated with post-menopausal women's dietary diversity. Nutrition knowledge can improve the dietary diversity of post-menopausal women.
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