Asian Institute of Research, Journal Publication, Journal Academics, Education Journal, Asian Institute
Asian Institute of Research, Journal Publication, Journal Academics, Education Journal, Asian Institute

Journal of Health and Medical Sciences

ISSN 2622-7258

Screen Shot 2018-08-12 at 1.24.09 AM.png
Screen Shot 2018-08-12 at 1.24.02 AM.png
Screen Shot 2018-08-12 at 1.23.57 AM.png
Screen Shot 2018-08-12 at 1.23.52 AM.png
crossref
doi
open access

Published: 27 September 2021

Prevalence of Gastroenteritis Among Children Under Five Years of Age at a District Hospital

Mohamed Osman Elamin, Hatim Rahmutalah, Hatim Abdullah Yousef Natto, Fowzi Omer Elamin,
Mohamed Hulayyil Alfahmi

Umm Al-Qura University (KSA), University of Bahri (Sudan), Ministry of Health (KSA)

journal of social and political sciences
pdf download

Download Full-Text Pdf

doi

10.31014/aior.1994.04.03.183

Pages: 93-102

Keywords: Gastroenteritis, Prevalence, Under Five

Abstract

Introduction: Gastroenteritis is a devastating disease particularly in children less than five year of age globally. In 1825, for the first time the term gastroenteritis was used to describe this symptom. Study design: A hospital-based descriptive study conducted among children less than five years of age. Setting: District teaching Hospital. The study was conducted during one Month, from February to march, 2017. Objectives: To study Prevalence of Gastroenteritis disease among children under 5 years of age, identify the prevalence rate and other risk factors associated with the disease. Material & Methods: The sample of the population covered all children under 5 years admitted the hospital during the specified period. (n = 50 child).Data were collected using a scientifically constructed Questionnaire. Data was analyzed using the computer soft-ware program (SPSS). Results: The study revealed that gender distribution indicated that gastroenteritis was more prevalent in male children than in female children. Also the study revealed that gastroenteritis was higher among families who have lower income 150 SDG (66.0%) and there was relationship between the family income and gastroenteritis. Conclusion: The study concluded that gastroenteritis was more prevalent in male children than in female children. And also low socio economic status, and sanitation practices and low parental education leads to gastroenteritis (GE) among children less than five years of age admitted to Ibrahim Malik teaching hospital in Khartoum state. Recommendations: Study recommends that Ministry of Health should implement health education program and training for raising knowledge and awareness of gastroenteritis among mothers, the department of health should improve the quality of water to avoid water borne disease that leads to gastroenteritis.

References

  1. Abebe, A., Teka, T., Kassa, T., Seheri, M., Beyene, B., Teshome, B., Kebede, F., Habtamu, A., Maake, L. &other authors. (2014). Hospital-based Surveillance for Rotavirus Gastroenteritis in Children Younger than 5 Years of Age in Ethiopia. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 33, S28–S33.

  2. Ahmad, A., Hafiz, S. and Zafar, A. (1997). Isolation of Aeromonas spp. From human stools. J. Pak. Med. Assoc, 47, 305-308.

  3. Ahmed HM et al. Molecular characterization of rotavirus gastroenteritis strains, Iraqi Kurdistan. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 2006, 12(5):1420–1422

  4. American Medical A, Centers for Disease C, Center for Food S, Applied Nutrition F, Drug Prevention. Et al. (2001) Diagnosis and management of foodborne illnesses: a primer for physicians. MMWR Recomm Rep.; 50(RR-2):1–69.

  5. Ayukekbong, J. A., Andersson, M. E., Vansarla, G., Tah, F., Nkuo-Akenji, T., Lindh, M. & Bergstrom, T. (2013). Monitoring of seasonality of norovirus and other enteric viruses in Cameroon by real-time PCR: an exploratory 59 study. Epidemiol Infect 1–10.

  6. Bahrdwaj A et al. Does rota virus infection cause persistent diarrohea in childhood? Tropical Gastroenterology, 1996, 17(1):18–21.

  7. Bishop, R. F., Davidson, G. P., Holmes, I. H. & Ruck, B. J. (1973). Virus particles in epithelial cells of duodenal mucosa from children with acute non-bacterial gastroenteritis. Lancet 2, 1281–1283.

  8. Boadi, K. and Kuitunen, M. (2005). Childhood diarrheal morbidity in the accrametropolitan area, Ghana: socioeconomic, environmental and behavioral risk determinants. J. World Health Popul, 2–13.

  9. Bodhidatta, L., Lan, N. T. P., Hien, B. T., Lai, N. V., Srijan, A., Serichantalergs, O., Fukuda, C. D., Cam, P. D. & Mason, C. J. (2007). Rotavirus Disease in Young Children from Hanoi, Vietnam. Pediatr Infect Dis J 26, 325–328.

  10. Bonkoungou, I. J. O., Haukka, K., sterblad, M., Hakanen, A. J., Traor, A. S., Barro, N. &Siitonen, A. (2013). Bacterial and viral etiology of childhood diarrhea in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso. BMC Pediatrics 13, 1–1. BMC 60 Pediatrics.

  11. Boschi-Pinto C, Velebit L, Shibuya K.( 2008) Estimating child mortality due to diarrhoea in developing countries. Bull World Health Organ; 86:710-7.

  12. Boschi-Pinto, C., Lanata, C. F. and Black, R. E. (2009). The global burden of childhood Diarrhoea’. In maternal and child health: global challenges, programs, and policies. Maternal and child health. 225-243. springer.com/chapter/10.1007/b106524_13.

  13. Canani RB, Cirillo P, Roggero P, et al. Therapy with gastric acid inhibitors increases the risk of acute gastroenteritis and community-acquired pneumonia in children. Pediatr. 2006; 117:e817-820. (Case-control study; 186 subjects)

  14. Chhabra, P.; Payne, D.C.; Szilagyi, P.G.; Edwards, K.M.; Staat, M.A.; Shirley, S.H.; Wikswo, M.; Nix, W.A.; Lu, X.; Parashar, U.D.; et al.( 2013) Etiology of viral gastroenteritis in children< years of age in the United States, 2008–2009. J. Infect. Dis., 208, 790–800.

  15. Coburn, B. J., Wagner, B. G. & Blower, S. (2009). Modeling influenza epidemics and pandemics: insights into the future of swine flu (H1N1). BMC Med 7, 30.

  16. Dennhey., H. P., Mararet, C. M., Rodolfo, B. E., Jenifer, J. L., Robert, E. S., Zhang, N., Rhodes, R., Gentsch, P., Bernstein, W. R., David, I., Brese, C., Staat, S. J. and Allen, M. (2006). A case-control study to determine risk factors for hospitalization for rotavirus gastroenteritis in U.S. children. Pead. Infect. Dis. J, 25 (12), 1123-1131.

  17. Devrajani BR, Shah SZA, Shaikh S, Shaikh S, Essa S (2009) Hypocalcaemia in Acute Gastroenteritis (A Case-Control Study at Department of Internal Medicine). World Appl Sci J 7: 777-780.

  18. Dey, S. K., Nguyen, T. A., Phan, T. G., Nishio, O., Salim, A. F. M., Rahman, M., Yagyu, F., Okitsu, S. & Ushijima, H. (2007). Molecular and epidemiological trend of norovirus associated gastroenteritis in Dhaka City, Bangladesh. J ClinVirol 40, 218–223.