Journal of Health and Medical Sciences
Published: 07 March 2022
Review of COVID-19 in Children Admitted to King Fahad Hospital, Albaha, Saudi Arabia in 2020
Abdulmajid Almawazini, Ahmed Obaidalla Alghamdi, Sinan Alnashi, Mohammed Seif Aldin Suliman Ahmed, Ali Alsharkawy, Chafik Ibrahim Hassan, Mohammed Ahmed Alghamdi, Khalid Mohammad Alshumrani, Ahmed Yahiya, Mohammed Jaman, Abdulla Nakhali, Osama Alghamdi, Essam Alghamdi, Mohammed Zahrani, Hazem Almawazini, Mohammad Almawazini, Mohammad Alshumrani, Tamer Ata, Marjorrie Madco, Aesa PayonGa, Thara Kundoly
KFH Albaha, Albaha University, Cairo University, Infection Control Department
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Keywords: COVID-19, SARS-CoV-2
Background: The coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). It was first identified at the end of 2019 in Wuhan City, China and then spread worldwide. Objectives: The study aimed to evaluate COVID-19 symptoms, signs, management, and outcomes in admitted children. Methods: This retrospective cohort study was conducted at King Fahad Hospital, Albaha, Saudi Arabia, which is designated as the center for COVID-19 patients. Data were collected retrospectively between Apr 2020 and Mar 2021. The protocols of health authorities in Saudi Arabia were used for the diagnosis and management of all patients. Results: Positive test results were confirmed in 95 patients. Of these, 44 (46%) were males and 51 (54%) were females. Fever, cough, nasal congestion, sore throat, myalgia, and upper respiratory tract infections were the most common symptoms. The common comorbidities in this cohort were respiratory diseases (19%), type1 diabetes mellitus (16%), followed by obesity (11%), chronic kidney disease (4%), congenital heart diseases (2%), while in (48%) pts no comorbidity factors were reported. Fever was the most frequent symptom, reported in 95% of patients. Multisystem inflammatory syndrome (MIS-C) has been reported in one patient. Guillain-Barre syndrome was reported in one female patient and Kawasaki symptoms in one male patient. No mortality was reported. Conclusion: Most children with COVID-19 presented with mild clinical manifestations and good outcomes. No mortality was reported in this study. Obesity is a serious comorbidity and risk factor for severe diseases.
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