Journal of Health and Medical Sciences

ISSN 2622-7258

Published: 02 December 2018

Socio-Cultural Analysis on Baduanjin Qigong: Form and Techniques of the Chinese Traditional Exercise System

M. Kubilay Akman

Uşak University, Turkey

pdf download

Download Full-Text Pdf



Qigong is a traditional Chinese exercise system which has many forms and techniques used, applied for health benefits from ancient times to contemporary societies. Globalization and widespread of cultural elements internationally have contributed positively for Qigong practice’s being known more in the West. There are many researches that have been conducted on medical, health aspects of practicing Qigong. In this article the subject is Baduanjin Qigong (Eight Section Brocade) and its socio-cultural dimensions which is going to be discussed from several views. A comprehensive model of Baduanjin will be given and this can be functional to practitioners of Asian martial arts, Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) and also academics in social sciences, humanities and cultural studies.


  1. Alexander, J. C. (2003), The Meanings of Social Life: A Cultural Sociology, Oxford University Press, New York

  2. Back, L. and others (2012), Cultural Sociology: An Introduction, Wiley-Blackwell, UK

  3. Chan, J. S. M. and others (2014), “Qigong Exercise Alleviates Fatigue, Anxiety, and Depressive Symptoms, Improves Sleep Quality, and Shortens Sleep Latency in Persons with Chronic Fatigue Syndrome-Like Illness”, Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine.

  4. Chyu, M. C. and others (2011), “Complementary and Alternative Exercises for Management of Osteoarthritis”, Arthritis.

  5. Draffan, G. (2009), Moving in Awareness / Eight Pieces of Brocade,, Seattle

  6. Holder, C., Qigong: The New (Ancient) Way Of Improving Health And Performance (Retrieved: 26.09.2018)

  7. Jahnke, R. and others (2010), “A Comprehensive Review of Health Benefits of Qigong and Tai Chi”, American Journal of Health Promotion, July/August 2010, Vol. 24, No. 6

  8. Klein, P. and others (2017), “Meditative Movement, Energetic, and Physical Analyses of Three Qigong Exercises: Unification of Eastern and Western Mechanistic Exercise Theory”, Medicines, 4, 69.

  9. Lee, Chang-Chih (2005), “Reinterpreting Ba Duan Jing From the Theories of the Eight Extra Meridians”,

  10. Li, J. and others (2015), “From Body to Mind and Spirit: Qigong Exercise for Bereaved Persons with Chronic Fatigue Syndrome-Like Illness”, Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine

  11. Li, R. and others (2014), "The Effect of Baduanjin on Promoting the Physical Fitness and Health of Adults", Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine

  12. Wang, Y. T. and others (2017), “Tai Chi, Yoga, and Qigong as Mind-Body Exercises”, Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine

  13. Wu, I.-Y. (2014) Being formless: a Daoist movement practice. Doctoral thesis. The University of Northampton

  14. Yang, J. M. (2016), Meridian Qigong, YMAA, New Hampshire

  15. Yang, Y. and others (2011), “Subjective Experiences of Older Adults Practicing Taiji and Qigong”, Journal of Aging Research

  16. Zou, L. and others (2017), “A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Baduanjin Qigong for Health Benefits: Randomized Controlled Trials”, Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine

About Us

The Asian Institute of Research is an online and open-access platform to publish recent research and articles of scholars worldwide. Founded in 2018 and based in Indonesia, the Institute serves as a platform for academics, educators, scholars, and students from Asia and around the world, to connect with one another. The Institute disseminates research that is proven or predicted to be of significant influence for the general public.

Contact Us

Please send all inquiries to the email:

Business Address:

5th Floor, Kavling 507, Fajar Graha Pena Tower, Jl. Urip Sumohardjo No.20, Makassar, Indonesia 90234

Copyright © 2018 The Asian Institute of Research. All rights reserved

Stay Connected

  • Instagram - Black Circle
  • Facebook - Black Circle
  • LinkedIn - Black Circle