Sonographic Assessment of Nephrolithiasis in Patients of Type II Diabetes in the 30 to 50 Year Age Group

Journal of Health and Medical Sciences

ISSN 2622-7258

Published: 30 December 2019

Sonographic Assessment of Nephrolithiasis in Patients of Type II Diabetes in the 30 to 50 Year Age Group

Meryem Zulfiqar, Hina Shabbir, Iram Kanwal, Farwa Zafar, Aqsa Taj, Maryam Nadeem, Hassan Ali, Nasir Tanveer, Aruj Latif

The University of Lahore, Pakistan

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10.31014/aior.1994.02.04.85

Pages: 546-551

Keywords: Nephrolithiasis, Type II Diabetes Mellitus, Ultrasound, Sonographic Assessment, Kidney Stones

Abstract

The risk of kidney stone production may be increased by type II diabetes disorder. Existing cross-sectional data regarding diabetes mellitus as a predisposing factor for nephrolithiasis is limited. Objective: The sonographic assessment of kidney stones in diabetic patients of age, ranging from 30-50 years. Methods: To evaluate the kidney stones in diabetic patients, a descriptive study was conducted comprised of two groups including 200 participants. The questionnaire was used as a primary data collection tool. Their age and gender were evaluated and with the help of ultrasound, the number of stones and their location in kidney of diabetic patients was examined. Results: 66 out of a total of 200 diabetic patients had shown the kidney stones in them. Kidney stones of size 20mm, 22mm causing obstruction were detected in the diabetic patients while sonographic assessment. On the other hand, stones of size 6mm, 14mm, 11mm which were non-obstructive were also observed. The stones of 22mm and 14mm were leading mild to moderate hydronephrosis. 73 stones were detected in patients. Majority of them possessed single stone whereas, two out them contained four stones individually. Conclusion: There is a presence of kidney stones among diabetic patients. According to the present literature, kidney gets affected due to impaired insulin production and accumulation of excessive glucose, but there is a requirement to conduct additional studies to identify the biochemistry behind it as this present study is only concerned with the assessment of stones among the patients who are diabetic.

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