Journal of Health and Medical Sciences
Published: 11 December 2019
Sonographic Determination of Common Breast Pathologies in Married Women
Sana Saleem, Rimshaw Qaiser, Aniqa Sadique, Rabia Yousaf, Sana Andaleb, Raham Bacha, Iqra Manzoor, Sajid Shaheen
University of Lahore, Pakistan
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Keywords: Ultrasonography, Breast Lesions, Breast Pathologies, Palpable Masses, Malignant Lesions
Background: In women, breast masses are getting progressively increasing across the board because of their mortality. Women are at high hazard in view of breast sicknesses, all the more ordinarily in instances of breast malignant growth. In numerous places of the world, breast carcinoma characterizes top in dangerous tumors affecting ladies with breast malignancy rates going from 1 to 8. By 2020, 70% of the 15 million new yearly malignancy injured individuals will be in creating nations. In the evaluation of clinically prevailing breast masses, ultrasound is a relatively moderate and effectively accessible symptomatic methodology that can be utilized clinically. The point of this exploration is to discover the accuracy of ultrasound in the determination of prevailing breast masses. Objective(s): To determine common breast pathologies with ultrasound in married women. Methodology: Ultrasound was done by using GE LOGIQ V5 and GE V SCAN with transducer (7-13) MHz in Radiology Department of Shaikh Zayed Hospital, Lahore. From October 2018 to September 2019, 138 patients were collected through convenient sampling with the request of breast ultrasound. Statistical software (SPSS version 22.0) is used for the analysis of data. Results: This study was done by using Ultrasound with 7-13 MHz of transducer. Data of total 138 patients were recorded for this study. Ultrasound was performed and the findings were analyzed. Out of 138 patients, The Ultrasonographic findings and frequency came out to be: Calcific foci 1, Cystic lesion 2, Hypoechoic nodules 1, Abscesses 1, Calcific foci 2, Calcific foci with lymph node 1, Cyst with ductal ectasia 1, Cystic lesion 29, Cystic lesion & calcific foci 1, Cystic lesion with ductal ectasia 4, Cystic lesion with intramammary lymph node 1, Cystic lesion with left axillary lymph node 1, Cystic lesion with right axillary lymph node 2, Cystic lesion with right axillary lymph node 2, Ductal ectasia 10, Ductal ectasia cystic lesion with left axillary lymph node 1, Ductal ectasia hypo echoic nodules cystic lesion with left axillary lymph node 1, Ductal ectasia with left axillary lymph nodes 1, Ductal ectasia with right axillary lymph node 2, Echogenic nodule 5, Fibro adenoma 5, Fibro adenoma with intramammary lymph node 1, Hypo echoic nodules 11, Hypo echoic nodules with ductal ectasia 1, Hypo echoic nodules with right axillary lymph node 1, Left axillary lymph node 6, Lymph nodes 2, Macro calcifications 1, Macro calcifications with hypo echoic nodule 1, Right axillary lymph node 11, Right Intra-mammary lymph node 1, Solid lesion 27, Solid lesion with micro calcifications 1. Out of 138, only 3 women were breast feeders. According to this study, 57 patients had left-sided breast pathologies, and 81 had right-sided breast pathologies. Conclusion: Palpable breast masses could easily be characterized and localized with the help of a relatively inexpensive and a more accessible ultrasound modality. It should be the first-line investigation in women of all ages.
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