Journal of Health and Medical Sciences

ISSN 2622-7258

Published: 01 October 2020

The Determinants of Developing Tuberculosis at Specialized Hospital

Mohamed Osman Elamin, Hatim Rahmtullah, Tahwid Khalid, Abrar Alngoomi, Khider Elisa Hamza,
Sufian Khalid

Umm-Al-Qura University (KSA), University of Bahri (Sudan), Nile Valley University (Sudan)

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10.31014/aior.1994.03.04.137

Pages: 429-436

Keywords: Tuberculosis, Determinant factors, Case Control Study, Al Shaab Hospital

Abstract

Introduction: Tuberculosis (TB) infection is caused by Mycobacterium sp which can spread through the lymph nodes and bloodstream to all parts of the body. Objective: To identify the determinants of the developing TB at Khartoum locality in Al-shaab hospital. Methodology: A cases control study included 50 cases with diagnosis TB and 50 non TB controls from Al-shaab hospital in Sudan, cluster random sample technique used, designed questionnaire used to collect information, BMI was calculated. Results: The study showed that 72% from the positive participants were male found significant relationship between gender and TB infection (p value 0.004), 52% of them were between 30-40 years, significant relation found between the TB infection and age (p value 0.001), 60% lived inside of Khartoum, 70 % from the participant drink alcohol and smokers, with strong relationship ( p value 0.000). Conclusion: The knowledge and raising awareness about factors that lead to infection, and improving socio-economic status can reduce the incidence of TB in the community, availability of direct observed therapy services can help.

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