Journal of Health and Medical Sciences
Published: 11 June 2021
The Impact of Personality and Situational Factors on Perceived Stress: An Investigation During COVID-19 Pandemic
Hanoi University, Vietnam
Download Full-Text Pdf
Keywords: Personality, Perceived Stress, Situational Factors, Cross-Country Comparison
The study investigates the relationship between personality and situational factors on perceived stress level during the global COVID-19 pandemic. Analysis of data collected from people across different territories confirms the association between personality traits and perceived stress level. Furthermore, the paper shows that people are experiencing moderate stress, which is affected by where they are residing, whether their personal finance is at risk, and their usage of social media during the pandemic.
Abu-Ras, W., Suárez, Z., & Abu-Bader, S. (2018). Muslim Americans’ Safety and Well-Being in the Wake of Trump: A Public Health and Social Justice Crisis. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 88(5), 503-515.
Besser, A., & Shackelford, T. K. (2007). Mediation of the effects of the big five personality dimensions on negative mood and confirmed affective expectations by perceived situational stress: A quasi-field study of vacationers. Personality and Individual Differences,42,1333–1346.
Bland, Helen W., Melton, Bridget F., Welle, Paul, & Bigham, Lauren. (2012). Stress tolerance: New challenges for millennial college students.(Report). College Student Journal, 46(2), 362-375.
Borkoles, E., Kaiseler, M., Evans, A., Ski, C., Thompson, D., & Polman, R. (2018). Type D personality, stress, coping and performance on a novel sport task. PLoS One,13(4), E0196692.
Coiera, E. (2013). Social networks, social media and social diseases. British Medical Journal, 346, 22–24.
Costa, P. T., & McCrae, R. R. (1992). Normal personality assessment in clinical practice: The NEO Personality Inventory. Psychological Assessment,14(1), 5–13.
Saleh, D., Romo, L., & Camart, N. (2017). Is Perceived Stress of French University Students Related to Personality Traits？ - Is Perceived Stress of French University Students Related to Personality Traits? Psychology Research, 7(01), 42-49.
Dinh, L., Dinh, P., Nguyen, Phuong D.M, Nguyen, Duy H.N, & Hoang, T. (2020). Vietnam's response to COVID-19: Prompt and proactive actions. Journal of Travel Medicine, 27(3), Journal of travel medicine, 18 May 2020, Vol.27(3).
Ebstrup, J. F., Eplov, L. F., Pisinger, C., &Jørgensen, T. (2011). Association between the five factor personality traits and perceived stress: Is the effect mediated by general self‐efficacy? Anxiety, Stress & Coping: An International Journal, 24, 407– 419.
Faresjö, Å., Theodorsson, E., Chatziarzenis, M., Sapouna, V., Claesson, H., Koppner, J., Faresjö, T. (2013). Higher Perceived Stress but Lower Cortisol Levels Found among Young Greek Adults Living in a Stressful Social Environment in Comparison with Swedish Young Adults. PLoS ONE, 8(9), E73828.
Feizi, A., Keshteli, A., Nouri, F., Roohafza, H., &Adibi, P. (2014). A crosssectionalpopulationbased study on the association of personality traits with anxiety and psychological stress: Joint modeling of mixed outcomes using shared random effects approach. Journal of Research in Medical Sciences,19(9), 1-13.
Fornés-Vives, J., García-Banda, G., Frías-Navarro, D., Hermoso-Rodríguez, E., & Santos-Abaunza, P. (2012). Stress and neuroticism in Spanish nursing students: A two-wave longitudinal study. Research in Nursing & Health, 35(6), 589-597.
Guznov, S., Matthews, G., & Warm, J. (2010). Team Member Personality, Performance and Stress in a RoboFlag Synthetic Task Environment. Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Annual Meeting,54(19), 1679-1683.
Ha, B., Ngoc Quang, L., Mirzoev, T., Tai, N., Thai, P., & Dinh, P. (2020). Combating the COVID-19 Epidemic: Experiences from Vietnam. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(9), International journal of environmental research and public health, April 30, 2020, Vol.17(9).
Hojat, M., Gonnella, J. S., Erdmann, J. B., & Vogel, W. H. (2003). Medical students’ cognitive appraisal of stressful life events as related to personality, physical well-being, and academic performance: A longitudinal study. Personality and Individual Differences,35,219–235.
Huynh, T. (2020). The COVID-19 containment in Vietnam: What are we doing? Journal of Global Health, 10(1), 010338.
Kallio, J., Vildjiounaite, E., Koivusaari, J., Räsänen, P., Similä, H., Kyllönen, V., Muuraiskangas, S.; Ronkainen, J.; Rehu, J.; Vehmas, K. (2020). Assessment of perceived indoor environmental quality, stress and productivity based on environmental sensor data and personality categorization. Building and Environment,175, Building and Environment, 15 May 2020, Vol.175.
Knight, C.J.; Reade, I.L.; Selzler, A-M; & Rodgers, W.M. (2013). Personal and situational factors influencing coaches’ perceptions of stress. Journal of Sports Sciences, 31(10), 1054-1063
Kondratyuk, N., &Morosanova, V. (2014). The relationship between self-regulation, personality traits and job stress. Personality and Individual Differences, 60, S75.
Lebois, L., Hertzog, C., Slavich, G., Barrett, L., & Barsalou, L. (2016). Establishing the situated features associated with perceived stress. Acta Psychologica, 169, 119-132.
Lazarus, R. S. (1999). Stress and emotion: A new synthesis. London: Free Association.
Lazarus, R. S., & Folkman, S. (1984). Stress, appraisal and coping. New York: Springer Pub. Co.
Luo, J., Derringer, J., Briley, D., & Roberts, B. (2017). Genetic and Environmental Pathways Underlying Personality Traits and Perceived Stress: Concurrent and Longitudinal Twin Studies. European Journal of Personality, 31(6), 614-629.
Luo, J., & Roberts, B. (2015). Concurrent and longitudinal relations among conscientiousness, stress, and self-perceived physical health. Journal of Research in Personality, 59, 93-103.
Mehta, N., Atreja, A. (2015). Online media support networks. International Review of Psychiatry, 27, 118–123.
McCrae, R. R., & Costa, P. T. (1999). A five-factor theory of personality. In L. A. Pervin& O. P. John (Eds.), Handbook of personality (2nd ed., pp. 139–153). New York, NY: The Guilford Press.
Neiger, B. L., Thackeray, R., Van Wagenen, S. A., Hanson, C. L., West, J. H., Barnes, M. D., Fagen, M. C. (2012). Use of social media in health promotion: Purpose, key performance indicators, and evaluation metrics. Health Promotion Practice, 13, 159–164.
Onah, H. (2003). Perceived environmental stress factors and their correlates among pregnant Nigerians. International Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics, 83(2), 215-218.
Quach, H., & Hoang, N. (2020). COVID-19 in Vietnam: A lesson of pre-preparation. Journal of Clinical Virology, 127, 104379.
Ragnarsdóttir, B., Bernburg, J., & Ólafsdóttir, S. (2013). The global financial crisis and individual distress: The role of subjective comparisons after the collapse of the Icelandic economy. Sociology, 47(4), 755-775.
Şahin, F., &Çetin, F. (2017). The Mediating Role of General Self-Efficacy in the Relationship Between the Big Five Personality Traits and Perceived Stress: A Weekly Assessment Study. Psychological Studies,62(1), 35-46.
Schmidt, L.I., Sieverding, M., Scheiter, F., & Obergfell, J. (2015) Predicting and explaining students’ stress with the Demand–Control Model: does neuroticism also matter? Educational Psychology, 35(4), 449-465, DOI: 10.1080/01443410.2013.857010
Sherman, R., Rauthmann, J., Brown, N., Serfass, D., & Jones, A. (2015). The Independent Effects of Personality and Situations on Real-Time Expressions of Behavior and Emotion. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology,109(5), 872-888.
Shields, G., Toussaint, L., &Slavich, G. (2016). Stress-related changes in personality: A longitudinal study of perceived stress and trait pessimism. Journal of Research in Personality,64, 61-68.
Soto, C., & John, O. (2017). Short and extra-short forms of the Big Five Inventory–2: The BFI-2-S and BFI-2-XS. Journal of Research in Personality, 68(C), 69-81.
Sweet, E., Nandi, A., Adam, E., & McDade, T. (2013). The high price of debt: Household financial debt and its impact on mental and physical health. Social Science & Medicine, 91, 94-100.
Ventriglio, A., & Bhugra, D. (2017). Social media and social psychiatry. International Journal of Social Psychiatry, 63(3), 179-180.
Vollrath, M. (2001). Personality and stress. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, 42, 335– 347.
Watson, D., & Hubbard, B. (1996), Adaptational style and dispositional structure: coping in the context of the five-factor model. Journal of Personality, 64, 737-774
Wei, H., & Chen, J. (2014). The Relationships Between Family Financial Stress, Mental Health Problems, Child Rearing Practice, and School Involvement Among Taiwanese Parents with School-Aged Children. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 23(7), 1145-1154.
Wilson, R., Thompson, R., &Vazire, S. (2017). Are fluctuations in personality states more than fluctuations in affect? Journal of Research in Personality, 69(C), 110-123.
Wrzus, C., & Roberts, B. (2017). Processes of Personality Development in Adulthood: The TESSERA Framework. Personality and Social Psychology Review,21(3), 253-277.