Asian Institute of Research, Journal Publication, Journal Academics, Education Journal, Asian Institute
Asian Institute of Research, Journal Publication, Journal Academics, Education Journal, Asian Institute

Journal of Health and Medical Sciences

ISSN 2622-7258

Screen Shot 2018-08-12 at 1.24.09 AM.png
Screen Shot 2018-08-12 at 1.24.02 AM.png
Screen Shot 2018-08-12 at 1.23.57 AM.png
Screen Shot 2018-08-12 at 1.23.52 AM.png
crossref
doi
open access

Published: 21 June 2021

The Role of Personal, Social and Religious Resources in Caregiving Stress

Lidya Triana

University of Indonesia, Indonesia

journal of social and political sciences
pdf download

Download Full-Text Pdf

doi

10.31014/aior.1994.04.02.167

Pages: 147-157

Keywords: Caregiver Stress, Personal Resources, Social Resources, Religious Resources

Abstract

This study puts personal, social, and religious resources as a stress buffer for caregivers. The limitation of personal, social, religious resources have a detrimental effect on the mental health of caregivers of a family member with schizophrenia (hereinafter referred to as People with Schizophrenia, or PwS). Following the caregiving stress process theory, this study aims to clarify not only the role of personal and social resources but also the religious ones. For this purpose, in-depth interviews with a life history method were done to twenty (20) caregivers of PwS. The result shows that personal resources like coping mechanism management (for example, by doing a positive comparison with others and reducing the expectations on the PwS) would help to perceive the role of a caregiver more positively. Meanwhile, social resources like social support were received by the caregivers from their significant others (family members) and similar others (support group). Social support was received in the form of emotional support, caregiving help, and instrumental aid. Religious resources in the form of religious coping were also used as a buffer for the stress that came from caregiving. This was done by positive religious coping, such as asking for help from God during difficult times, involving God in everything they do, and surrendering themselves to God to get the strength to face life problems. These three resources (personal, social, religious) were needed by the caregivers so they can preserve their mental health.

References

  1. Aneshensel, C.S., Rutter, C.M., & Lachenbruch, P.A. (1991). Social Structure, Stress and Mental Health: Competing Conceptual and Analytical Models. American Sociological Review. Vol 56 (2). 166-178.

  2. Aneshensel, C.S., & Sucoff, C.A. (1996). The Neighborhood Context of Adolescent Mental Health. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, Vol.37 (4). 293-310.

  3. Aneshensel, Carol S., Pearlin, L.I, Mullan, J.T., Zarit, S.H., & Whitlach C.J. (1995). Profiles in Caregiving: The Unexpected Career. San Diego: Academic Press.

  4. Ellison, C.G., & Henderson, A.K. (2011). “Religion and Mental Health: Through The Lens of the Stress Process.” Dalam Anthony J Blasi (eds), Toward A Sociological Theory of Religion and Health. Leiden, The Netherlands. Koninklijke Brill NV.

  5. Hitlin, S., & Glen H. Elder, G.H. (2007). Agency: An Empirical Model of an Abstract Concept. “Constructing Adulthood: Agency and Subjectivity in Adolescence and Adulthood.” Advances in Life Course Research, Volume 11, 33–67.

  6. Jusuf, L. (2006). “Asesmen Kebutuhan Caregiver Skizofrenia.” Master Thesis. Master of Applied Psychology. Faculty of Psychology, Universitas Indonesia. West Java, Indonesia.

  7. Keith, C. (1995). Family Caregiving Systems: Models, Resources, and Values. Journal of Marriage and Family. Vol.57 (1). 179–189.

  8. Koenig, H.G. (2005). Faith and Mental Health: Religious Resources for Healing. West Conshohocken: Templeton Foundation Press.

  9. Lazarus, R.S., & Folkman, S. (1984). Stress, Appraisal and Coping. New York. Springer Publishing Company.

  10. Lin, N, & Ensel, W.M. (1989). Life Stress and Health: Stressors and Resources. American Sociological Review. Vol.54 (3). 382–399.

  11. Lin, N., & Dean, A. 1984. Social Support and Depression. Social Psychiatry. Vol.19. 83–91.

  12. Neuman, W. Lawrence. 2014. Social Research Methods: Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches. Seventh edition. Pearson Education Limited. United Kingdom

  13. Pargament, K., Feuille, M., & Burdzi, D. (2011). The Brief RCOPE: Current Psychometric Status of a Short Measure of Religious Coping. Religions. Vol. 2. 51–76.

  14. Pearlin, L.I., Mullan, J.T., Semple, S.J., & Skaff, M.M. (1990). Caregiving and Stress Process: An Overview of Concepts and Their Measures. The Gerontologist. Vol. 30 (5). 583–594.

  15. Schieman, S., Bierman, A., & Ellison, C.G. (2013). “Religion and Mental Health.” Dalam C.S. Aneshensel et al. (eds.), Handbook of the Sociology of Mental Health, Second Edition, Handbooks of Sociology and Social Research.

  16. Sewell, W.H. (1992). A Theory of Structure: Duality, Agency, and Transformation. American Journal of Sociology. Vol.98 No.1. 1-29.

  17. Solomon, P., & Draine, J. (1995). Subjective Burden Among Family Members of Mentally Ill Adults: Relation to Stress, Coping, and Adaptation. American Journal of Orthopsychiatric. Vol. 65 (3).

  18. Streid, J., Harding, R., Aguipo, G., Dinat, N., Downing, J., Gwyther, L., Ikin, B., Mashao, T., Mmoledi, K., Moll, A.P., Sebuyira, L.M., Higginson, I.J., & Selman, L. 2014. Stressors and Resources of Caregivers of Patients with Incurable Progressive Illness in Sub-Saharan Africa. Qualitative Health Research. Vol.24 (3). 317–328.

  19. Thoits, P.A. (1995). Stress, Coping and Social Support Process. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, Vol. 35, Extra Issue: Forty Years of Medical Sociology: The State of the Art and Directions for the Future. 53-79.

  20. Thoits, P.A. (2003). “Personal Agency in the Accumulation of Multiple-Role Identities”. Dalam Burke P.J., Owens T.J., Serpe R.T., Thoits P.A. (eds) Advances in Identity Theory and Research. Springer, Boston, MA.

  21. Thoits, P.A. (2006). Personal Agency in the Stress Process. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, Vol. 47 (4). 309-323.

  22. Thoits, P.A. (2011). Mechanism Linking Social Ties and Support to Physical and Mental Health. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, Vol. 52 (2). 145–161.

  23. Wheaton, B. (1985). Models for The Stress-Buffering Functions of Coping Resources. Journal of Health and Social Behavior. Vol. 26 (4). 352–364.

  24. Wheaton, B., Young, M., Montazer, S., & Lahman, K.S. (2013). “Social Stress in The Twenty-First Century.” In C.S. Aneshensel et al. (eds.), Handbook of the Sociology of Mental Health, Second Edition, Handbooks of Sociology and Social Research.