A Study of the Relationship between Political Institutions and Democratic Amalgamation in Bangladesh

Journal of Social and Political

Sciences

ISSN 2615-3718 (Online)

ISSN 2621-5675 (Print)

Published: 26 June 2020

A Study of the Relationship between Political Institutions and Democratic Amalgamation in Bangladesh

Akkas Ahamed, Md. Sayedur Rahman

University of Chittagong (Bangladesh), Begum Rokeya University (Bangladesh), National Research University Higher School of Economics (Russia)

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10.31014/aior.1991.03.02.189

Pages: 540-549

Keywords: Bangladesh, Political Institutions, Democratic Amalgamation, Parliament, Judiciary, Civil Society, Bureaucracy

Abstract

In almost all political systems political institutions play an important role in promoting democracy and democratization. The political institutions are the groups in a political system that create, enforce, and apply laws for the benefit of the society. They regularly arbitrate conflict, make governmental policies on the local and national economies and socio-political systems, and then offer representation for the people of the country. In general, democratic political systems are divided into two forms: presidential which is headed by a president; and parliamentary which is headed by a parliament. Party systems can be two-party or multiparty and the political parties can be strong or fragile depending on their level of inner harmony. The political institutions are those bodies, parties, parliaments, and heads of government, that create the entire apparatus of the present-day governments. In terms of political system, Bangladesh has been trying to exercise the democratic polity. Its legislature is unicameral where the Prime Minister is the head of government and the President is the head of the state. Besides, it is a developing country with enormous socio-economic and political problems that need to be addressed to reach the goals of millennium development and sustainable development. In this paper the relationship between the political institutions and democratic amalgamation has been discussed. And at the end of the study some policy recommendations have been provided to strengthen the prevailing democratic culture.

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